Any construction cottage faces the need, in the house to insulate the ceiling.Just want to point out that the maximum heat loss occurs precisely through the ceiling, although many believe that the blame for the loss of heat are the walls and windows.
Warm air rises to the ceiling, then leaves the room through the ceiling.According to estimates of heat loss through the ceiling is about 60% of total losses.Thus, the question arises, how to properly insulate the ceiling of the house to avoid losses during the cold season.
What types of insulation used in the building industry
To create optimal environmental and thermal comfort in the room, at the same time save money on heating, you should determine what is necessary to ensure:
- absencecondensation in a room,
- to minimize heat loss,
- use of environmentally friendly, fire resistant materials.
In modern construction the question of how to insulate the ceiling in a house solved proven widespread materials: mineral wool, expa
consider better insulate the ceiling of the house.
Warming ceiling haydite
This material has a number of positive characteristics, namely:
- fire resistance due to manufacturing technology based on high-temperature firing,
- sound and heat insulation,
- no release of harmful substances,
- possible occurrence of rodents.
- To start the installation work, not necessarily a special preparatory work.The material is poured directly on the slab layer and evenly aligned.You can use any convenient device.
- to coat evenly, it is necessary to constantly monitor the process , using a metal pin, which is glued to the adhesive tape at the level determines the required thickness.Then pierced concrete block to slabs, the label will give a precise definition of the layer thickness.
- Keramzit covered with roofing material is sometimes used conventional polyethylene.The joints should be carefully seal, protecting the material from moisture.
important to remember that fill insulation Ceiling Floor, hemmed bottom to the beams should be only if the attachment has a reliable margin.If the insulation is done with his own hands, it is necessary to strictly follow all recommendations.
can be considered a method that is used for flooring Oriented strand board, which has an extra crate.
Then the method of warming will look different:
- First is the space between the waterproofing film and beamed simple polyethylene (it is sufficiently robust and reliable).This waterproofing should cover all the space between the joists and beams themselves (sm.Gidroizolyatsiya ceiling - why and how to do it).
material spreads overlap by a few centimeters and fixed with adhesive tape.After that, the ceiling is covered with insulation for the house and carefully aligned.
- then laid another layer, it can be roofing felt, asphalt, polyethylene, or other material and made modern seam sealing tape.
consider other materials than to insulate the ceiling of the house.
Mount Technology polymeric materials
The category includes low thermal conductivity materials such as foam and Penoizol.These positive features include low thermal conductivity, low weight, resistance to various microorganisms.
There are several different ways depending on the situation.For example, a private home with a cold attic and ceiling lined with the usual plywood to the bottom of the wooden beams as necessary to make the house warming of the ceiling?
- between the beams stacked slabs of foam, with a minimum gap left.Keep in mind that before mounting surface should be cleared of debris.
- seams are sealed with foam construction, and insulation between the joists.This is a very important moment, because otherwise gotten moisture will damage the beams.Also, do not miss embedded slots are hot air.
- If you plan to use the attic, the ceiling on the beams overlap, this made up on the board or particle board.
Tip: If taken strand board thicknesses up to 18 mm, the distance between joists should be about 40 centimeters.At greater distances need extra crate.For correct installation better view an instructional video.
Let us now consider another example, when the polymer material is placed on a reinforced concrete base, without major irregularities, without plastering and with no significant differences in height.
As should be carried out in the building ceiling insulation foam in this embodiment:
- This case provides insulation from the outside.When warm inside, the dew point will be exactly between the insulation and the concrete, so there will accumulate condensation.If you lose the tightness foam concrete will eventually collapse.
- reinforced concrete retains heat well, progrevshis, walls and ceiling will be a long period to maintain the optimum temperature in the room, even without heating, and installation of foam inside the room would deprive this feature.
Insulation of mineral wool ceiling
mineral wool in its composition is divided into several categories: glass wool, rock wool, slag wool.
Tip: For the installation of the material need clear instructions.Insulation is laid under construction or repair.Works are carried out with the obligatory use of special means of protection.
Insulation of the ceiling of the house is made of mineral wool on the outside.This option is much safer and more economical. material is laid on the principle of masonry. The top layer should cover all joints of the previous.After laying
recommended to lay the board to insulation ram.Then ensure the integrity of the thermal insulator.
After warming will be satisfied immediately feel a radical difference.You can see an example of the photo, it looks like the material in ready form.
insulation method using ekvovaty
This type of insulator material is completely harmless to human health .The properties of the material is light and fluffy, so no problem to use the manual installation technology.
In addition, the price quite acceptable for insulation potrebitelya.Granuly ekvovaty pour any large capacity, and it is stirred.When
ekvovavatu transported from the manufacturer to save transport costs, it firmly pressed, so before using it should be thoroughly loosened.Perfect for that purpose drill with a long nozzle.The volume of the material will increase after the procedure several times.
When insulation is covered with the surface, it must be distributed between the beams, is a small hill to the installation coating material is a little tough.
But there are certain disadvantages of the heater.The work is very labor-intensive, time consuming, and the installation does not always fill all the gaps.At independent performance of work, sometimes you can not achieve the desired result.
Council.Application ekvovaty recommended in a small area, and strictly follow the technological requirements.
Methods of insulation of ceilings
Total There are two ways of warming the house ceilings: external and internal.Both methods are used extensively in modern construction industry.
main differences between them is the choice of material and technology application.Given the permeability properties of various materials, some are used outside buildings, and "breathing" is mounted inside the building.
Therefore, by way of insulation, it is pre-acquainted with the characteristic features of a material (clay sm.Uteplenie ceiling).