In the USSR-ovskih houses slabs stacked with stunning uneven, and correcting the problem is possible only with the help of finishing mounted designs.This - the scourge of uneven ceilings, where the base is practically not subject to plastering and leveling other methods directly on the surface.
How to make the most suspended ceilings throughout the apartment, without the help of teams of builders?Dilemma solved very simply: Follow our step by step guidelines.
process is not as difficult to implement it going to study at the Institute of Building Technology.Of course, it can help and videos, how to make false ceilings, but for the deep insight you need to not only read a detailed article, but also to make statements, as Lenin once wrote the April Theses.
Tools and materials
We consider a simplified version for example.Based on simple technology you can already figure out how to make the false ceilings challenging levels or custom designs.
For ceiling mounting, you'l
- profile guide.
- profile ceiling.
- Suspensions straight.
- cruciform brackets.
- galvanized screws.
- panels also do not forget to buy.They are still the main on the list!
Tip!Fasteners can be changed at their discretion, but it is advisable not to use conventional hardware.We need those who are not exposed to moisture - that is, do not rust.
- Marking and measuring - roulette, building level, plumb, square, pencil, marker or construction.
- fixing - a hammer, a screwdriver or a screwdriver.Drills shock with a set of drill bits.
- Cutting - saw, handsaw, jigsaw.Pliers, tin snips.Building knife.
- Additional - any.Ladder, for example.Table, stools, a bucket of water or a rag.Sami is expected that you will need during installation.
To begin the installation of the ceiling, it must first be cleaned of contaminants former plaster (sm.Udalenie from the ceiling of the old coat - advice craftsmen) that no dirt rained down on your new ceiling.But in the "simplified" version we omit this step, we will assume that your today's ceiling plaster not strewed.
Important!Do not forget about the wiring before you make a false ceiling itself, once the planned place for her.Then no one will not be routed electrical wiring without removing the panels - and the work will have to perform twice.
usually no videos like suspended ceilings do not contain any information about where and where to lay the wiring, cable, internet, phone lines and other engineering systems.
Be patient and draw a plan not to confuse wire, and then turn the iron in an Internet cable.On irons e-mail has not yet come.
Getting down to business!
- first step of your work will partitioning.You have to determine the distance, which will be located your new ceiling.
Do not forget to take into account the lamps.Please take a level better than water.With it, we denote the angles in one horizontal plane!
conventional building level it will be much harder to do, but you can try.At the level of a marker or a paint thread envisage working line around the perimeter of the room - on it we will mount frame ceiling.Rather, start directing.
- further putting a ceiling profile is strictly lower part of the line and drill drill holes along the marked line with the step 50-60 cm under the dowels size 8 * 60/80 mm roughly, if the walls are made of brick or concrete.If the walls are lined with plasterboard or chipboard screws using the correct length.The first and last drill hole in the 10-15 cm from the edge for a more secure fit.
- metal shears cut the desired width and length profiles, sawing guide bars if you suddenly wooden.Screwdrivers attached to the wall in the prepared holes.
Important!Let profile will bend, if the walls are uneven - but the bend should be only horizontal!The situation in the plane of the bottom of the profile should not be violated!
Before installing the false ceiling certainly five times with his own hands, check the horizontal position of the guide.
- next stage of your work will be fixing hangers.We need them for the middle part of the ceiling is flat and does not sag.
To do this every 40 cm on the basis of the ceiling do layout - along the lines drawn along the perpendicular guide future.Strictly middle drill drill dowel holes with a diameter of 6 mm and a depth of 40-60 mm and fix the hanger.
- then attached to the guide you have to mount rack profiles.To do this, you are doing a tape mark every 60 cm along the entire length of the room.
metal shears cut the rack profiles, the size of the width of the room minus 1 cm, avoiding the full strain.And metal screws to attach the rack pressshayboy profiles to the main frame of strict markup.
screwdrivers.Can screwdriver.You can hand - on the use of the tools of choice, we have already spoken.
- The resulting structure is fastened suspensions and cross connectors.For this curve downwards tendrils of suspensions based on the passage of the profile.
then you wind profile and attach it with screws on metal.Before definitively to fix the frame, pull the cord along the line to check the possible deflection.
When the installation of the frame is complete, you can continue to install lighting wiring before making suspended ceilings.
If you make plasterboard, then the finished frame mount screws for metal sheets Extension step fastening 15-20 cm .Before making false ceiling, crop sheets as needed.
not forget to recede a few millimeters from the wall to the ceiling to "breathe."Make a gap between the sheets 2-3 mm , it is also necessary for the possible thermal expansion of the surface.Before painting
be treated filler, especially the joints and recessed cap screws, and then putty the entire ceiling.To learn how to "drown" screws into plasterboard video shows more detail than if the process is to describe the "fingers", so that visually look better.
To make surface strength using special sheets or gypsum mixture, as well as an adhesive fiberglass reinforcing mesh.
How to Rack-mounted in the ceiling version?
If you plan to mount the rack ceiling, first cut panel of desired length.They must be at least 3 mm shorter than the distance between the profiles.
so they will be easier to insert and do not deform over time.Installation is carried at one end.Reiki factory on the diagonal into two end profile, then level off.
panels are inserted into the slots until it clicks into the stringers, which means setting into place.There are detailed instructions on how to make the most of the special false ceiling panels, worth reading.
rack panels are attached to the profile of special fasteners - stringers recommend View photos of fixtures.
Some information for "rodman»
- stringers are set as follows: first, cut them to size with scissors for metal wrapped corners also trim construction knife and break off.
- When you insert the first rail, it can be hung on stringers to the ceiling on hangers.
- regulates the level of the spokes.Stringers are set parallel to each other at a distance of no more than 1.2 m.
- You can use another method of attachment - a means of fastening brackets.They are mounted on the ceiling of the letter P. stringers themselves are attached to brackets with screws.
When you are the last two slats, tape measure, measure the remaining distance.If you realize that the panel will not fit in this spot, cut it along the entire length.
Do not forget to place marks on the cut.To obtain a clean cut, to make an unnecessary portion perpendicular incisions.
slice select tool, depending on the source material.You can take the metal scissors or a knife construction.Then breaks off unnecessary pieces, flexing them.
Tip!Cropped side of the insert to the wall in profile, and the other end is fixed to the stringers.To make it convenient, the penultimate panel cut a little shorter.
study different materials, learn how to make a false ceiling, practice and become a professional!