installation of plastic panels on the ceiling is quite common.Photos and videos on this subject can be found in the internet.
Select the desired design and determine the pattern.Moreover, this work can be done by hand, and this reduce the cost of installation.
In this article, we will talk about this work and how to do it correctly.
advantages and disadvantages of plastic panels
This material is quite practical and therefore found many fans.The panel is made of PVC.
This durable material and is highly resistant to external influences.This material, like any other, has its advantages and disadvantages.
many advantages distinguish this from other construction materials:
- not a great price and a great range of retail, attracting consumers;
- Resistance to the external environment, which allows to do the installation in rooms with high humidity and no permanent heating.This panel is resistant to mechanical external influences.
This design does not fade and is durable enough;
- Easy to maintain, they can simply be washed with cold water;
- provide additional sound insulation;
- Easy installation and the ability to perform the work with his own hands;
- speed of execution of works that do not take a lot of time;
- Ability to install additional insulation;
- on the sales market has a large assortment of these products, you can choose any color.
With the many benefits of this material has its drawbacks:
- Some time after the installation work the presence of odors from plastic, which disappears after a few days.But in the first period does not give the owner a comfortable stay;
- possible slight deformation at sharp temperature drop;
- possibility of damage from bumps;
- Nowadays, there are more expensive finishing materials, so the plastic is not as prestigious as it was at first;
- This is not a natural material, so it should not be used for residential premises.
choose the material and prepare the tool
Mounting ceiling of plastic panels should start with the choice of material for the conduct of work:
- First, we should define the number of elements.To do this, measure the room and find the right direction setting.
determine the direction of the installation can be easily identified and the amount of waste.It is better to make a drawing and mark it all sizes.
Note: Try to choose the direction of the installation plate so that the item was included completely and preferably without connecting joints.
If you can not do without it, follow it symmetrically.This estimate and the amount of waste.
- according to an embodiment of the drawing ceiling calculated and the width of the panels.This cell size ranges from 200 to 500 mm .Take
paving width and divide and the right size, so you choose the best option element widths;
- should immediately decide and the thickness of the material, which ranges from 5 and up to 10 mm .Select and texture of the surface, which can be matte and glossy.For example, the ceiling in the summer gazebo, glossy surface is more suitable for it is not so delayed dust and dirt.For indoor, can be applied to a matte surface;
- After selecting the material for the above parameters, you can take and ceiling fillets (still referred to as a plinth, eaves).Define this material depending on the thickness of the elements.
It will be mounted around the perimeter of the room and it will be the final stage of finishing, which can and spoil the whole structure.Immediately determine the number of angular elements, they can be external and internal;
- When buying a product check.They must have the same color and thickness.
Note the flatness of planes and edges.Nowadays there are a lot of unknown producers, chasing cheapness can ruin all the work.
Without the correct geometry of the material, good design can not receive.
After proper selection of the material should be prepared and a tool without which it is impossible to conduct work:
- take long mounting level of at least 1 meter;
- perforator and electric;
- Hacksaw for wood and metal;
- Stationery knife and scissors;
- Scriber or pencil;
- Reiki guide or a piece of wood with a thickness of not less than 25:25 m;
- Hydraulic level , which should buy or make yourself.To do this, buy hose with a thickness up to 10 mm.
then buy in a drugstore two glass tubes that are plugged into the edge of the hose.Insert the tube in both ends of the hose.Level ready.
attention.When buying do not mix panels for ceiling and wall panels.Elements of wall much harder plastic ceiling.
on the ceiling design is less stress, so the elements are manufactured in a lightweight form.
methods of fastening panels
finishing method, depends on the room itself, or rather on its moisture and most database installations.
There are two ways:
- frameless minutes - when fixing is done directly to the base unit.This is only possible if a perfectly flat ceiling, or rather the ideal plane for installation.
to this room should be dry and fasteners can be performed on the glue or liquid nails.The adhesive mixture is applied at the edge of the details and by a point on the entire plane.
then follow pasting.The truth in this embodiment, it is impossible to install spotlights, but only suspended and overhead lighting.
as impossible laying additional insulation;
- Frame method , which can be performed with any indoor humidity and not even ceiling surface.You can apply almost any lighting.
frame can be made of metal profiles or made of wooden bars.
in the room where the humidity, use the wooden frame is not desirable, or should be treated antiseptichskimi agents that prevent the formation of mold and mildew.But it is better and safer to use a metal structure.
Once purchased material and tools, you can perform the work directly.Further instructions will be given for the installation of different frames and installation of PVC panels.So
- Before starting work to prepare for the installation of ploskostpotolka.It must first be cleared of the old coating, the type of treatment is not important, it must be removed;
- After cleaning, it is necessary to treat the surface with antiseptic, it will protect the base from the effects of the environment and will not allow fungus to form (sm.Gribok ceiling - the emergence and solutions).This mixture is better to take a deep penetration, and treatment should be carried out at least twice.
assembling wooden frame
Repair ceiling plastic panels begins with fixing the frame to the base of the ceiling and it's pretty important stage work .This will be the installation of the base and on its correct implementation will depend on the final outcome.
- For safe and proper mounting first need to do a competent layout.Determine the lowest level in the room and put a mark with a pencil;
- To this we add the thickness of the beam size and thickness of the fastening elements.Stamp.
It will have a lower plane of the structure and size of portable to other walls.To do this, use the hydraulic level.This will be the most accurate marking;
- further connects the dots, which are set on all the walls.To do this, we use nylon string and fend level;
- Then follows a nail bar around the perimeter of the premises;
Warning: Do not mount components in tight to the wall.Make a gap of about two centimeters.When moisture elements may expand.
retreating, we will prevent the curvature of the surface by heating and deformation during heating.
- Now assemble cross-beams.It is doing so in order to satisfy the mounting plates perpendicular elements.Mounting is performed in increments of no more than 50 see
- If you have a wooden surface, then mounting is performed using screws .If the concrete, then use punch.With
which is a hole in the hard coating and fixation done using dowels.The hole should be on a couple of mm.less of the base dowels;
Warning: Before installing wooden elements they should be treated with antiseptics.To do this, the elements of cover, and allow to dry.
And do it more than once.This procedure will prevent rot and will prevent the occurrence of Shashel.So, it is necessary to do before conducting installation.
Allow this time.
- To verify the placement of the frame, you should pull the line between extreme elements and securing the rest I do in the plane.If required lift mounting plane, it should be applied to the gasket.
Installation of metal skeletons
If the room has a high humidity, so for such a design more suitable metal frame, which is performed on the basis of the installation of wood.Just changing the material base installation.So
- along the perimeter perform mounting profile UD.This is done by means of screws or dowels.This is stated above;
- Then do the basic layout for the installation of the guide profile.On the surface of the ceiling, parallels are drawn with a distance of not more than 1250 mm.
This size is approximately the middle of the plate;
Note: The main profile is fixed so that the fastening elements had his seredinu.Pered installing, must be carefully Gaugeable docking element.
- Fasten front edge profile CD.The distance to the wall exhibit about 10 cm .Not forgetting perpendicular mount plates, which check a square.Do this with the first part, an incorrect installation angle is not matching will increase with each panel.And this can be corrected only remake all the work;
- secured to the ceiling U-shaped profile.The distance between the parts must not exceed 50-60 cm ;
- When the connection check the plane of the frame elements.To do this, use the line;
- At this level, and fasten the other elements of the framework;
- for reinforcement frame used crabs, which create additional rigidity.
Warning: after installing the frame can be made of any type of additional insulation.The thickness of the frame members is determined in this case, the thickness of the insulation.
This should be done before buying materials.
Installation of lighting
All lighting devices, regardless of the material production of the frame, installed prior to installing the lining.
To do this, make marks on the ceiling:
- note the location of the lamps;
- perform channels for supplying wire;
- cable wire and fasten it;
- to the installation of fixtures, making the release of the wire;
- In determining the release of the cable, consider the size and height of installation of twisted plane coating.Never leave the wire butt.Do
tolerance towards increasing order 10 cm .
Note: After installing the wiring and before mounting the ceiling, you should test the fixtures.If you do not and the lighting will not work, it is necessary to dismantle the entire system.
Do not neglect that.
fasteners plastic panels
After setting the framework and supply of lighting, you can start to install PVC panels.
- work begins with fixing angle fillets or otherwise to tell ceiling moldings.Fixing carry around the perimeter of the room.We do the right joints at the corners.Check the correctness of the implementation using gon
- Connection to a wooden skeleton is performed with screws.Some advised to do so by means of staples or nails, but this design is considerably inferior to the fortress compound using a screw.
as fasteners to the metal frame, applies only screw;
- Cut the first plate in length, which is measured using a tape measure;
- The panel is inserted into the groove of the panel.At the same time it can go quite tight.
used to set a rubber mallet;
- After the panel wound up in the baseboard, it is secured with a special mounting flange, it is done on a metal frame.
when installing on wooden elements best use klyaymery, but some cost and samorezeom.While the first option is considered to be more reliable;
- Then we measure the following panels and cut them to size.Insert the narrow part of the slot, and fasten as described earlier;
Warning: Do not cut into the elements of the entire width of the plane surface.Cut the plate and place it.Then do froze under the new base unit.
- recruited under the previous scheme, the entire surface.On the luminaire should be done metering element.Cut to the desired length.
Mark a place for the fixture.Then make a hole with a sharp knife.
Experts advise him to preheat;
- Before installation, calculate the width of the structure.Usually, the last element have cut not only by length, but also to perform adjustment of the entire width.
calculate that this item is not clipped at an angle.Maybe a little, move the first element.It overlaps due to the plinth;
When installing the panels, consider one detail.When you have the elements along the space, it extends the area.Once across, decreases.Before installation, take note of this.
When installing the ceiling in the room with high humidity and temperature changes, the gap increases, you will avoid the consequences of this expansion during the heating parts.
How to mount plastic panels on the ceiling, we talked.If you hold the above tips, construction will serve you for years to come.