duplex Tension ceilings practically do not differ from the device multilevel plasterboard ceilings, the only difference is the source material and methods of attachment.When we make a two-level ceilings in the kitchen, where there is usually little space it is necessary to choose the form of the ceiling and stuff that would have suspended ceiling, did not pick up useful space.
This type of finish is now widely used almost everywhere, for the decoration of apartments, offices, hotels, etc.The play of color and a variety of materials from glossy to matte can change the visual height of the ceiling of the room and depth perception, which is important for small size kitchens.
So the same two-level ceiling can hide the flaws of the main ceiling, beams, wiring and all the bumps.
Fabrics can be:
- Glossy.(visually increases room size and depth).
- with photo printing and printing 3-d.
- different patterns and colors.
Kitchen is a place where people m
begins to make split-level ceilings Tension in the kitchen, but before that it is very important:
- Before working on the installation of suspended ceilings, be sure to clean the main ceiling of the old putty, plaster, paint on all that latermay peel fall.
- After cleaning the surface thoroughly perform better primer for the ceiling cementing residual elements.If you do not, then as a consequence there is no guarantee at all that detachment will fall to the canvas stretched ceiling and it can sometimes sag under the weight of the debris.If
- fallen pieces are weighty enough, they will stick and dot paintings stand out from spoiling the whole look.
And you have to put up with it, or view or remove the canvas that would remove from the attacker to the trash from the old ceiling and mount everything back.By this it is better to do it right and on technology than to remodel.
If craftsmen who assemble the ceiling is not made this work make them do it, and if they will reassure that everything is fine, it's bunglers and so it is better to leave.
Step 1. Layout and fitting
- To begin with, we use gidrouroven or laser level, repel the perimeter walls.That is, draw a circle on the walls of the straight line, which should be strictly on the level.
- from striking features roulette, according to a top distance short of the ceiling 5 cm. Let's say we have noted the level of the walls at a height of 1 meter, ceiling height 2.50 meters at us.So from the mark obtained in the upper 1.45 m.
- This procedure should be applied around the perimeter of the entire kitchen, and draw a line parallel to that which we have caused through laser or gidrourovnya level we were measuring.
- In tracing the contours of the ceiling of the first level (it may be different зигзаги,полукруги,квадраты.треугольники,восьмиугольники,вthe total of all forms of what your heart desires).
- Now we need to make the border (Saddle) between the first and second levels of lowering it by 15 cm., From the top of the ceiling.Here, we use of metal profiles for the drywall and will strengthen it on the suspension from the ceiling.
Step 2. Installation of the second level
first level we begin 5 cm. , from the ceiling of the second 15 cm. This means that part of the second level where you will add more to the bottom of + 10 cm., For theWe are already marked on the walls and draw a parallel line.In general, the thickness of the first level of 3-5 cm;the second from the 8-10 cm with respect to the 1st level, relative to the base of the ceiling 13-15 cm .
note from the ceiling and not strictly on the line marked with the level of the ceiling is not always the flat surface and correspond to the level.If you focus on the ceiling, using it as a reference level, your two-level ceiling after stretch fabric can be markedly curved, relatively lintels.
And it will be very much, but that would need to fix it will dismantle the entire structure and put a crate strictly pro level.For this, always use precise measuring instruments.If builders have done everything in technology over time, any material subject to deformation (seismic, weather and temperature difference, shrinkage).
- 1 - first level of the ceiling.
- 2 - Plug separator closes and ennobles the docking place.
- 3 - Buffer corner.
- 4 - Separator.joints and fixings is a two webs. (These places can be closed ceiling moldings).
- 5 - Internal wooden frame holding the entire structure.
- 6 - Basic main ceiling.
- 7 - Wall.
- 8 - Wall fixing profile.
- 9 - The second ceiling level.
- 10 - Cap for the profile.Close the edges and place adjacent to the wall mounting ennobling installation location.(These places can be closed ceiling moldings).
fasteners and production framework, can be used as wood and metal profile for plasterboard.The material used depends on the shape of the ceiling, and further described principle types of materials.
ceilings flat shape using a wooden frame
- At around 15 cm fasten wall profile for suspended ceilings.Use dowel nails press hat 40h6 or 60h6.Drill a hole punch through the wall profile to attach it to the wall, drill with a diameter of 6 mm.
- So is at around 5 cm., Which is the first level, fasten the wall profile for suspended ceilings.
- on the line, where we celebrated the compound 1 and 2nd levels, if the shape of the ceiling of the second level of smooth ie a square, rectangle, angle, line.That use as a skeleton wooden beams, arched if we use metaloprofil Drywall, cutting the edges of rigidity in a certain way, what profile might bend and take the shape we need.But first I'll tell you about mounting frames for direct forms of suspended ceilings.
- Fasten bearing beams to the base ceiling.The connection is performed by the same anchor nails diameter of 6 mm., But the length of the dowel nails will depend on the thickness of the timber.It can be between 80-150 mm.Or mount type amoshek concrete of the same size of 80h6 until 150h6 mm.
- If it is a straight line that divides the two zones at the ceiling, then the walls of the base of the ceiling before reaching the line mark of 15 cm back down to 3 cm., And is attached vertically on against each other.Is mounted on the same line as the carrying beams to walls, using all the same attachment.
- next step, block 30x30 or 30x40 screws to fasten a length of 40 mm., In tarets bars that we attached vertically to the wall.Thus the bar should be compared with incised line on the one hand and on the other wall.If the length of the ceiling longer than 2 meters, in the middle between the carrier beam and the rigidity of the lower set-type spacers.From
- drawn by line, departing 3 cm proximal to the side wall (this is done in order that-be at the fastening strap in 30h100mm., Our ceiling was on the dash), fasten the carrier board.On the side vertically, fasten pieces of boards, so the same as in the first version, but before reaching the edge of the line 1 cm.
- Next, fasten screws at 50 mm board 30h100 mm., To the carrying bar from the side.The line drawn on the ceiling must be matched and for podlitso with the board.
arched ceilings and a zigzag shape using a metal profile
- For the manufacture of zigzag frame and semicircular ceiling needs of metal profiles for the drywall cut in a special way as shown in Figure 2.
- profile may take any semicircular shape.The profile can be either 27, 60, 75 mm., Is cut in the ribs by the stiffness and working surface depending on the shape and the side frame abut the base ceiling.Method of attachment of such ceilings a lot, and everyone chooses their own, it is the rigidity of the main frame and the level of compliance with the mounted skeleton.
- And so the cut profile is fixed on the draw the outline on the ceiling.The connection is performed on the edge by drilling a hole puncher to 6 mm., Dowel and nails 6x40 mm.
- Along the perimeter of the room as well as in the version with wooden frame so as draws markers 5 and 15 mm.Thus, noting levels 1 and 2 of the future ceiling.
- Profiles mark up the length of 15 cm., 14 cm profile E. And the profile of E cut in a special way leaving the two ends of the wings for mounting.Cut only the rigidity of the ribs on both sides and two edges of the profile.
- from walls A and B stretch the yarn as shown in Figure 3 (blue) from the mark of 15 cm.
- When installing Profile E First fasten it to the upper profile A. After the profile is attached to the profile D E the rope stretched fromthe edges of the walls, on the labels of 15 cm. In this way we keep the level of transferring it from the walls to the frame using ropes.
- Block collect at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other and only after mounting profile A to the basic ceiling.After fixing the profile start A hard block assembly.
- Profile A and D are cut as shown in Figure 1 and at the same repeating pattern printed on the base ceiling.A block is performed rigidity and stability of the structure.Shown in Figure 2 blocks the installation of the 2nd level will not see them up close canvas.
We finished the second phase of the two-level ceiling installation proceed to the next step.
Stage 3. Fixing elements for suspended ceilings
- Along the perimeter wall of the 1st level of around 5 cm., Fasten the wall profile for suspended ceilings.
- The wall where there is a mark of 15 cm., So fasten the wall profile for the 2nd level of the ceiling.
- on the wall where we are talking split levels from grade 5 to mark 15 as the same set of wall profile.
- in the manufacture of our frame of wood (as in the embodiments 1-2) or the zigzag shape of the metal sheets from the working surface fasten the plastic separator (a separator is the point of attachment of two paintings), at around 5 cm.
- from the bottom to the working surfacefasten the plastic bump (it serves as a base for smooth bending).
Step 4. Posting spotlights, chandeliers, ceiling lamps
In this article, I will explain the installation of wiring, more about that in another article (see. Art. "Coverage of suspended ceilings is easy to make yourself" and "youYou know how to hang a chandelier in the suspended ceiling? Read and follow "), but still did not touch this subject is not possible.When mounting tension or plasterboard ceilings have to face it, this is part of the work which somehow will have to work if you are certainly not going to sit in the dark))).
- Spotlights for drywall and suspended ceilings are different ways of mounting is therefore not to be confused with the purchase.
- Lamps for suspended ceilings, you can adjust the height by flexion and extension stiffeners are they from the side.
- If there is no long lamp on the ceiling is fixed at first base bar of appropriate thickness and bar on the very light.
- Wiring is attached to the base ceiling with special straps, wires should not hang.
- Each lamp is not necessary to put the terminal box is sufficient to use ordinary twist or breaking bar and insulated.
- Rasperedelitelnaya box you have enough lighting and connected to the wiring where there was light.
- If you wish for by luminaires use a chandelier or sconces, then this from the switchgear box, you need to lend a separate independent wiring and switch to change to a double (which would include the inclusion of lighting fixtures and lamps was split).You can individually enable sconces, lamps or separately, or include them together.
Connection method electric circuit luminaire performed in parallel, instead of a circular chain.When connected in parallel if one of the bulbs burns Spotlights others will work.
When connecting a circular chain if one lamp burns out because all will go out because the chain is broken, and you will remain in the dark until not change a light bulb.
In parallel connection, you can see clearly what a lamp is not lit and in need of replacement, with circular if you have noticed how the lamp flashed you're lucky and if not, you have to turn on all the lights to examine and identify burnt.
Wagga way to connect electrical wires German technology.The analogue stranding withstand the amperage of 60-70 Amp.Mainly used in distribution boxes for lamps, lighting fixtures and sockets for low power use.Mounting Method 1 is simple Wagga one phase, a secure wire is inserted into the hole and Clem its grips.
holes have a special lubricant that prevents the ingress of moisture and oxidation compounds.So as Waga has a unique ability to connect dissimilar metals, it is possible to connect using crowbars, copper and aluminum.
Tips for independent work, never align aluminum with copper, these two metals react and begin to oxidize resulting in a poor connection and as a consequence you will remain without electricity until at face and do not connect again.
options and consequences:
- loss of power, or the absence of stress as a consequence of oxidation and open circuit.
- oxidation of two electric wires of dissimilar metals results in poor connection and as a consequence of arcing connections, which can cause a fire.
- Again with poor wiring connection contacts heats which can lead to melting insulation and as a result of circuit and fire.
All this should be particularly taken into account when installing the multi-level ceilings as the climb up there to repair electrical wiring will be problematic.I ask you to exercise caution and safety, I wish that all were alive, healthy and happy, enjoying the beauty of your ceilings told friends and neighbors bragged.Boast of such beauty, it's not a bad tone and useful occupation))).
After stretching canvases, spotlights are a few stand out (they are adjustable in height by means of flexion and extension stiffeners).Find the center of spotlights and otchertite Circle (note: only the contour of the bulb instead of the lamp) and cut out the circle neatly.
After the hole is cut in the fabric gently pull out the lamp and adjust its position relative to the tensioned ceiling.The border on the spotlights to close the hole and everything will look neat and beautiful.
Step 5.Installation of suspended ceilings to the finished frame
profile for fastening suspended ceilings, it is aluminum and plastic.Profile length 2.5 meters.When installing the ceiling heat gun is used which is attached to the gas cylinder.
it contains the fan runs from the outlet.Gas flows through the hose and into the gun under the influence of fan zazduvayas, the output gives a good temperature.
Warning: be sure to check before operating the cylinder for leaks, check the integrity of the hose, check the gearbox (without reduction gear is strictly forbidden to work, it may be the wave of kickback) by even one of the above cases, can lead to an explosion cylinder and tragic consequences.
means of fixing suspended ceilings
- Garpunnaya.Etot type of attachment is used only for anchorages canvases of PVC, the gap between the wall and the fixing of 3-4 mm.Where the spear is an integral part of the web.
- Shtapikovaya.This method is suitable for domestic ceilings which reduces the job but is a technological gap to 11-12 mm.The disadvantage is that fastening can weaken and optionally dismantling there is no possibility to re-assembly.
- Clip.For seamless cloths, a wall profile of hard plastic bracket by latching clips.Aluminum profile is not intended for this purpose.
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