Modern suspended wooden ceilings feature a wide variety of different materials and designs.The amount of coating materials for suspended ceilings very large timber.
To navigate in this diversity, it is necessary to know the basic properties of materials.
Wood has always been used by man, not only as fuel but also as a building material.
It has a number of positive qualities:
Also positive qualities, wood has a negative qualities.
- difficult to handle
- Requires protection from fungus and rot
- require protection from fire
Artificial materials from wood
eternal question: why a fence made of wood and furnituresawdust?
for suspended ceilings using board materials that are used in the furniture industry.Craft plate area of a few square meters of the array is very difficult.
Therefore, chipboard, MDF, hardboard for suspended ceilings very kstati.DVP - wood fiberboard is compressed wood fibers.
fiberboards are laminated in two ways:
- painting with application of texture under a certain kind of wood gluing
- specialty films under a certain type of wood
fiberboards has a singularity warp over time.Therefore, using it for suspended ceiling plate must be fixed to the frame with screws or glue all four sides.
chipboard - chipboard (thickness from 6 to 28mm) is a compressed wood shavings.Lamination chipboard happening in the same way as fiberboard.
at the plate with a layer of putty and a few coats of paint with an intermediate grinding.Then on special presses applied pattern and coated with two layers laka.Na not laminated chipboard can be glued veneer of valuable wood.
MDF boards receive special way at high pressure and temperature. Such plates are widely used in the furniture industry.They cover synthetic films under the texture of wood or wood veneer of valuable wood.
in veneered MDF panels using thin sheets of veneer of valuable species drevesiny.Plita CAP suspended ceiling is notgood.Good only for the ceiling in the garage.
Excellent material for the furniture industry and the suspended wooden ceiling.At the base of the plywood using low-grade wood veneer.Cover the plywood veneer of valuable species.Plywood
can be bent in a certain way and to give it a curved shape.Plywood is different tolschiny.Esli take an ordinary plywood and apply modern methods of processing (toning, varnishing), it will give the ceiling a modern look.
Disadvantages of artificial board materials:
- Poor hold fasteners
- afraid of moisture
- may only be used in dry rooms
means of fixing the ceilings
Suspended wooden ceilings can be fixed in two ways:
- wooden frame
- on a metal frame
second option is preferable, because modern frames for suspended ceilings have a system allowing to adjust the height with great accuracy.
For wooden ceilings, you can use the same frames as the ceilings of gypsum board (drywall sm.Obshivka ceiling with his hands).
- If wooden false ceiling is expected to strengthen the wooden frame, metal hangers must be taken;
- Reiki prostrogat frame must be on one side;
- distance from the frame to the ceiling must be such, that it was possible to reach the wiring in a metal or plastic sleeve;
- width of the main runner for suspended frame must match the width of suspension PP 60/27.This width is 60mm.
This suspension ceilings of GCR good fit and ceilings of wood.If you can not buy ready suspension, it is possible to make the most of the bands of zinc metal plates with a minimum thickness of 0.5 mm.
Such suspension is easy to fix wooden beams.
to ceiling joists are of paramount importance.
They can be:
The first option is the wooden beams on which rests the overlap next etazha.Vo second embodiment, it is false beams boards or beams from modern synthetic materials(polyurethane) which are filed to the frame of the ceiling.
They do not carry any load.False-beam is made hollow inside.This allows electrical communication through them.
Suspended ceilings of wood, wooden beams made of solid wood, you can decorate a variety of stains, stains, thread, etc.
For lovers of old with an electric drill and brushes for brushing the wood, you can achieve the effect of the aging of the wood.
brushes brushing are metallic and synthetic, different diameters and different versions:
electric drill and angle grinder (Bulgarian) should be fine for this purpose.
brushing well to all coniferous wood.
hardwood to create the effect of aging is necessary to choose the breed with a large pattern.For example, oak or ash.This breed beech generally not suitable to create the effect of aging.
Tools for self-assembly ceiling must be a certain amount of construction and woodworking tools.All of them have fans tinkering.
For the installation work you must have:
- Building level
- Shears for metal
- Drill electric
- Cord Construction coloring
- circular saw
- Hand mill
- Sander (Bulgarian)
any ceiling installation begins with drawings or diagrams.In the development of drawings of the ceiling trying to put all the elements of the ceiling for clarity and to put down all the dimensions.
With the project can easily create a bill of materials and calculate the cost of a false ceiling.Suspended wooden ceilings installation require precision marking up to 1 mm.
If this does not exactly adhere to the wood panels of chipboard or MDF may not fall into place.
Step by step
This brief guide with photos and video frames to help avoid common mistakes amateurs make-it-yourselfers:
- Determine the horizontal line of the ceiling with the help of:
- water level
- fought back with the help of the coloring on the walls of the line cord.
- attached to the wall profile TNG 28/27 in case the suspended ceiling frame of metal sheets will be.If the frame is made of wooden bars, attached to the wall piece of wood thickness of 40 mm.If the wall is a wooden fasten nails or screws.If the brick wall is attached with dowels.
- do on the ceiling for the breakdown of direct suspensions by means of coloring cord.
- Mount hangers on the ceiling according to the drawings.
- Fasten metal or wooden frame on the suspension.To control the horizontal position is necessary to pull the cord between the horizontal bars mounted on the walls.
- fastened to the frame elements of the false ceiling.
means of fixing boards to the ceiling
Suspended ceiling made of wood easily make out "lining" (sm.Obshivka lining the ceiling with his hands).Modern wood processing industry produces the following profile boards lining:
They differ from each other shapes and sizes.Wood for their production can be very different.Mainly used softwood and hardwood.All of them are polished and ready for use.
methods of fastening lumber
above timber to the wooden beams on the ceiling is fixed:
In all cases, try to hide nails or screws.
With this metal plate can be made inconspicuous compound boards.
Wooden ceiling will look better by using different materials.
example, stained glass gives the sophistication wooden ceilings.For those stained glass windows conceal lighting fixtures.
quickly and stylishly
Applying board Profile standard, Block Houses, Softline, landhauz, an American can be quickly and stylishly arrange a room in a minimalist style.
for beautiful decoration of the room should remember one rule - the floor should be darker than the ceiling.In large areas of clear lines plays a major role.
all with their hands
His hands can do everything except board materials such as chipboard, MDF, plywood.Decorative plates have to buy in the store.
The modern building supermarkets can be ordered cutting of plates to the required format.
Lovers tinkering is necessary to have the following machines:
- circular saw
- Surface gauge
- drilling machine
- vertical milling machine
If you want you can buy a universal woodworking machine, which makesall operations.
well-lit tree.If suspended wooden ceiling is not in the apartment, and in a public building fire safety authorities did not give permission for the commissioning, if such a ceiling is not to be treated with special flame retardant protective structures. Modern flame retardant impregnation divided into three groups:
most suitable for wooden structures and ceilings acid impregnation.They do not affect the color, texture of the material.They can be used indoors.
Before applying the impregnating necessary softwood obessmolit.To do this, suitable even ordinary soda ash.If you use ready-made board materials such as MDF, OSB, veneered and lacquered, then no treatment will not help.
In this case, use other means of fire automatic fire.
applying fire retardant impregnation, should be familiar with the instructions for its use by the manufacturer
Wooden ceiling pleasure is not cheap.How to save? That is the question.So
- Design and calculation of the ceiling must be done by yourself.
- Design ceiling can be selected online.
- Particle boards, MDF can be cut into formats to large construction supermarkets.If this is not possible do the cutting yourself, remembering that the front side of the plate must be at the top.Bottom plate saw when cutting shear.
- ends of boards glue veneer glue PVA using an ordinary iron.
- Stained glass can be made most.Paints for them can be bought in store for needlework.
- Elements for frame (suspensions) can be used for ceilings of gypsum boards.
- Polishing beams do yourself, using small mechanization: electric drill and angle grinder
- varnishing wood ceiling elements yourself varnish for wood.
Just on our website you can learn about the structure of the suspended ceiling rack.