amazingly decorative features and functionality has a metal roof rack.To date, the construction market offers a variety of different models, which is why ordinary consumers is difficult to choose.
In order to deal with all the functionality necessary to understand the device slatted metal ceilings.
What is in the design, scope and types of ceiling
ceiling metal suspension is a suspension system, with its narrow fixation on metal panels.The harness is attached to the carrier overlap hangers, spaced a certain distance.
space above the ceiling is useful for electrical wiring and engineering services.Each element of the suspended structure requires attention to clearly present the design to make installation easy and hands.
rack panels: lining dimensions
Reiki from what happened and the name of the system, long steel or aluminum panels with a special decorative coating:
- powder coating;
- laminate flooring;
- aluminum plating;
- polymer layer.
Through various coatings obtained interesting textures, wide range of colors.Designs differ in size (width), and the material from which made themselves slats.
rack panels meet with rounded side surfaces with rectangular, angular, and complex form lateral fins.As a rule, the standard length of a rack panel of 3-4 m. The extension rails have special connectors.
Hanging metal construction
metal suspended ceilings are based on the framework, which consists of the suspensions and the support rails (stringers, combs, beams), with which alignment is performed and the level of construction and attachment to the slab.Support rails are carved grooves.
Reiki installed on the bus and is latched in the slots.In the upper part of the tire (through the hole) mounted hooks for hangers.
In fact, the installation of rails can be made without fasteners, so the installation is very simple, you will need the supplied instructions, and time.Still hangers are attached to the base ceiling by means of special fasteners, depending on the material base of the ceiling (wall plugs, screws).
Support rails are made of galvanized steel or aluminum.
Tip: Use anchor bolts in this case is not required, because the system itself is not heavy, heavy loads on the supporting structure will not.
Types slatted metal structures
Pinion metal ceilings meet the open and closed types.Open design is mounted on the support rail at a certain distance, creating a small gap between panels (sm.Samostoyatelny ceiling mounting rack).
If you plan to install a continuous ceiling, then the special intermediate layouts that fill the gaps and create a continuous surface, attractive appearance.
As for the system of closed type, the panel is mounted close to each other.Having an idea of the suspension systems, you can learn about the basic parameters and applications.
functional requirements and applications of metal suspended ceilings
Before proceeding to installation, you should find out if it is possible to use the system in the upcoming conditions:
- Support rails and rails of steel can be used strictly in a dry,well ventilated areas, given that the material quickly corrode.
- Applications aluminum parts limitless.Aluminum suspended ceilings perfectly withstand even the most severe conditions, applicable in the bathroom and on the balcony.The price structure more expensive, but they have a longer service life guaranteed.
Metal suspended ceilings open type have excellent opportunity to hide in nadpotolchnom space, all utilities and electric wires.In this case, the perforated panels are applicable without layouts.
is important to know that the metal ceiling without decorative layouts look no less attractive to the high ceilings of 5 m. Or more at a smaller distance utilities can be viewed that affect the exterior aesthetics.
When buying a rack system, you must take care to perform sound-absorbing ceiling function.
width and shape of the metal slatted panels
Reiki metal ceilings meet a wide variety of sizes ranging from 25 mm.to 400 mm. This choice will allow to realize any idea.
If you know the exact area of the ceiling, you can calculate the number of racks required width to the completion of the installation was not necessary to adjust the material.Rack metal ceilings differ not only in width, but also the shape, color, texture.
important to know that it is not recommended to buy a cheap system from unknown manufacturers, quality of the finish will not the most satisfactory.
standard white ceilings gear manufacturers began to complement the various decorative inserts, allowing not only practical to equip the room, but not to disturb the overall design intent.
rack panels can be divided into two basic forms:
- distinct angles (German design);
- rounded side edge (Italian design).
Depending on the type of material suspended ceilings found:
- smooth, solid surface, except for joints;
- perforated panels (for decorative purposes and ventilation).
Tip: Use of a perforated ceiling in the kitchen, with intensive use of gas stoves will lead to rapid clogging of the perforation strips.
Theoretically, rack ceiling is not limited to the color scheme, but all the same in practice, users prefer the following colors:
- mirror (chrome).
installation of metal lath ceiling: installation steps
For installation of metal suspended ceilings will need minimal training.Although the technology is not complicated installation is still recommended to use a training video for a visual example.Initially
should make preparations for handling the basic ceiling.All the material that started to flake, it is better to remove, although the strength of the aluminum can survive any fall.
If you plan to make installation in areas with high humidity, we recommend pre-treatment of the base of the ceiling antiseptic primer or other compound containing chlorine.Primer eliminates the fungus and prevent its further occurrence (sm.Gribok ceiling - the emergence and solutions).
important to know that hanging metal construction will worsen ventilation under the floor.Therefore, at high humidity for the emergence of the fungus conditions are favorable.
Tools and materials
to work with metal suspended ceilings will need the following materials and tools:
- ceiling panels;
- guide profile;
- screws with dowels made of plastic;
- traverse (mounting rails);
- molar cord;
- fishing line;
- building level;
- tin snips or Bulgarian.
Tip: In wet areas better to abandon the use of wooden Chopik.
Mount frame for metal lath ceiling
Before installing recommended discourage level. below the base of the ceiling 20 cm., Using paint and construction cord bounces horizontal level mark.
If there is a laser level, then the area is better to use them.
- then mounted on the perimeter of the wall guiding profile.The standard length of 3 m guide profile. However, if necessary, it can be easily cut with scissors for metal, but more efficient use grinder with a circular disk, thus avoiding the deformation profile during the cutting.
- guiding profile installed at 50-60 cm., Then the accuracy is checked using the level.
Tip: profile in the corners, in the millimeter precision is not necessary to adjust.If the images overlap, the later will hide all the staff.
- Further, stretched fishing line, perpendicular to the guide rails in terms of profile, parallel to each other.
- In terms of the woods are set ceiling suspensions. distance between hangers should be from 1 to 1.2 m ., Max.Step between the extreme suspension and the wall 30 cm.
Installation traverses should be at the same height, to set out on their panel came loose in the wall guiding profile.
Tip: If the ceiling plane is perfectly flat, with no fluctuations, the yoke can be fastened directly to the base ceiling, with no suspensions.
- then again stretched fishing line perpendicular to the line already suspensions and traverse mounted, the frame is ready, see the photo.
Installation of panels
- Install the first panel, located on the wall, it will remain a certain distance from the wall to the panel, which must be closed.Rack panels, cut to the width of the lumen to be close, but it must be cut in such a way as not to damage it.
- Initially, annotation on both sides and held a sharp chisel line segment several times. On the waste side of the panel along the line cut, but before reaching it, an incision is made every 30 cm. Then, bending back areas, up and down, gradually breaks off unnecessary parts.
- panel, the cut width is inserted into the trim profile and snaps on the traverse.But further, in the same manner produced assembling slatted panels along the entire length of the room.
Reaching the last panel, and then repeat the operation with a cut at the rail.
The final stage will be the installation of lighting. There are also simple, ordinary holes cut with a knife.
In conclusion, I would like to add that in a set of aluminum frame often Suspension kit, which control the level of the traverse after installation.The frame is suspended in the same way as a profile under the FCL.