Suspended ceilings are so varied and practical, that have their apartment many want.In this article, we will focus on how to install suspended ceilings gear: what tools are required for installation, you need to know about their designs and how to prevent installation errors.
rack ceiling - what is it
Rack and pinion design
Suspended rack ceilings - installation of which we will consider - in finished form is a surface composed of aluminum panels.These panels (slats) can be of different widths, colors and textures, and a variety of support allows you to design and decorate any interior.
If you need a perfectly flat surface, installation of a suspended ceiling rack with your hands to do with smooth panels , joined with each other.But much more spectacular looks the surface of these same strips, alternating with narrower inserts of the same or a contrasting color.
As for devices of the ceiling, he mounted on a steel or alum
Important!Each manufacturer produces traverse it for their products.If you buy a bar of one firm, and traverse - the other, you can not make a quality installation - rack suspended ceilings can happen with slits or no snap to guides.
To install a ceiling rack is also required pristennye rails or corners , which are mounted on the perimeter of the room and serve as a decorative frame joints with walls.Also, holders, which hold the yoke and therefore the entire suspension system.
should be noted that in such small spaces, like a standard toilet or bathroom in a city apartment, sometimes used easy installation - rack ceilings mounted on traverses , freely lying on rails mounted on the perimeter.That is, if the width of the space of less than 120 cm, you can do without suspensions.
- main advantage of aluminum panels - they are not afraid of high humidity and temperature changes .That is why the installation of lath ceiling with his hands often carried out in the bathroom and kitchen.
- Unlike other suspension systems, suspended ceilings can be used to create complex curved surfaces , since the thin aluminum slats can be easily bent.To traverse this set not one, but at different levels.
- Kitchen and bathroom (see. Rack ceiling for the bathroom with their hands) - are not the only room in the house, which would be relevant to suchceiling.If you've watched about the installation of suspended ceilings rack - video, you may have noticed that it is often used even for nursery rooms.This is due to the fact that aluminum - an environmentally friendly and fireproof material.
- Another significant advantage - ease of installation limit of suspended structure, which does not require pre-treatment.
Even if the suspended ceilings have been deprived of half of these advantages, they still would not have been less popular due to their aesthetic qualities and the ability to create with them a unique interior design.
Installing rack design
start mounting - rack ceiling will do in a fairly large room with hangers and capacity traverses.If you handle this volume, then you will not be a big problem, how to mount rack hanging ceiling in the bathroom.
Council.Proceed with the installation after all roughing and finishing with a clean floor.
prepare materials and tools
addition to the listed elements of the design you need direct or spring hangers .Choosing one or the other is determined by the height at which the installation will be carried out - hanging rack ceiling can defend from the ground 4-20 cm. If the distance is less than 10 cm, it is possible to use direct hangers if more - only spring.
For fixing hangers to the ceiling and walls of the guide profiles to be reserved a sufficient number of screws with dowels.
There is another element of design - evolvent .But you will need it only if you are planning a complex ceiling rack - mounting the two-level structure (see also. How to make a two-level ceiling).
- Scissors on metal;
- laser or water level;
- conventional building level or meter range;
- Tape measure, pencil.
Do markup level
To properly make a layout on the perimeter, you can see about the installation of slatted ceilings - video.All movies begin with this stage, but it is not given so much attention.
Therefore, read the following instructions:
- Determine the height , which will be hanging rack ceiling - installation begins with the fact that you put a mark on the wall.The minimum distance at which you can withdraw from the lowest point of the base surface - 4 cm. If the ceiling will be recessed luminaires, be aware of their height.
- by water or laser level at a comfortable height you draw a horizontal line around the perimeter of the room.
- Measure the vertical distance from the line to set the mark .Put it away on all the walls in increments of no more than 100 cm.
- Connect the points obtained in one line , using a ruler or a meter long building level.She will serve you a benchmark level of the ceiling.
If you are thinking how to rack mount the ceiling on two levels , and in this there is nothing difficult.From the resulting line in the right place set aside down a distance equal to the width of involute - that detail, which will serve as a transition between levels.Draw a second line on the wall where it will be mounted lower level of the structure.
- By marking up sequentially mounted on the wall or guide profile Area .To do this, drill through a drill hole in the wall, insert the dowel and screw a screw.Step mounting - 50-60 cm.
- If a profile should be cut to length, it is easy to make a pair of scissors for metal.
- continue installation - suspended ceiling rack is secured to the traverse, and they need to be fixed on the suspension.Depending on how the rails are located, determine the direction of attachment traverses.
reference.If you want to visually expand the space, it is best to send a diagonal ceiling rack - how to mount in this case traverse?Draw a diagonal line on the ceiling with the help of the polygon determine a perpendicular.He will be the direction in which you want to mount the frame.
- Mark the ceiling mount line traverses .The distance from the wall to the first cross member must not be more than 40 cm, and the distance between adjacent cross-members - more than 120 cm.
- stepped back from the wall by 30 cm, fix the ceiling suspension screws with dowels. He must be on the marked line.The rest secure hangers increments of 100 cm.
- Attach the suspension of traverse , setting them at the level of the guide profiles.The direct suspensions crosshead screws are attached to metal, to the spring - using special mounting holes.
- If the width of the room more than 3 m, the next traverse tight butt set with the previous.
begins the most interesting stage - installation of hanging suspended ceilings - video on this page and following instructions will help you understand how it's done.
- Cut to size aluminum rail .To obtain a clean edge, spend some time on a label office knife, scissors, metal and then score the curved edges and break off any excess, loosening it.
- snaps rail turn on the traverse, after inserting their ends in the guide.
- Having reached the opposite wall, if necessary, cut the last rail along to the desired width.
Important!Pinion Ceilings - Installation should be complete the installation of the penultimate panel, or extreme, you will not be able to establish in the guide profile.
remains only to add that in the suspended ceiling rack mounting fixtures is carried out as installation panels.They cut a hole into which is inserted into the lamp.After installing the slats in place lamp is connected to the network.