very many "bathers" in the construction of a private bath are very concerned about the optimum height of the ceilings.What should be the ceiling height in the bath?According to various "canons" for each building are written different data, a precise definition is practically impossible to find.We will try to accumulate all the scattered data together so that you can navigate.
begin with various purposes of your own "bath complex."How do you plan to use it?If the ordinary Russian baths - is one thing, but if as a Finnish sauna - the third.
for saunas can immediately make its growth under the ceiling (do not forget about the members of the family and possible guests).The main criteria for saunas - it's easy enough to a man who sees on the shelf, not knocking his head on the ceiling.Suffice it 100-110 cm .
If we take into account the height from the top shelves 110-120 cm , the total height of the ceiling in the sauna - the sauna will from 210 to 230 cm .Do not forget that in the Finnish sauna made just sit on a shelf and bask instead of waving a broom in different directions.Therefore, we leave the non-Russian habits and move on to the real Russian bath with steam.
Let's start with the basics of history.A hundred years ago, people quite differently evaluated the space in the house and outbuildings.For example, on the recommendations of the Russian engineer Priorov who has published a practical guide for the construction of houses and baths in 1912, the size of the premises in the bath correspond to today's large-sized apartments and houses.
From his advice followed that every room in the bath should be calculated based on the estimated number of visitors who will wash and bathe at the same time.
Dressing should have a volume of 7.3 cubic meters per person in washing and steam room (sm.Potolok in the steam room - design features) - at 19.5 cubic meters per person.A ceiling height in the sauna should be 3.1 meters!So, a person should fall 6.1 square meters in area, that is, for three simultaneous visit to the steam room, its size should be at least 18.3 squares - it's like a big room in our apartments, but the ceiling is still pretty high.
We do not talk about sad things and turn to the practical side of the issue.
practical side: the smaller the volume of the room is, the easier and faster it warm.But this does not mean that in a small room high temperature will be maintained for a long time!Earlier in the village bath ceiling did no more than 170-180 cm - it was dictated by the banal household needs to save firewood.
quickly warmed quickly showered - and run!Washing usually does not suit too: too much space expensive to build, and it also needs to warm up.Therefore washed directly into the steam room.
Modern furnace allows easy heat for a short time large amounts of space.And the materials the current owners of country houses are not particularly constrained.Because the steam room must be done according to the rules!
And they say: in the Russian steam vapor must accumulate under the ceiling.And the temperature drops from the ceiling and the floor can be serious, as high as 50 degrees or more.Ceilings are arranged in several rows.
especially impatient and "hardened" bathers can climb right to the top shelf and roast there and newcomers at this time remain at the bottom - and all travelers.Therefore, clear rules, what should be the ceiling height baths, does not exist today.
Important!The greater the supply of steam at the top, the longer it will take place bath procedure without cooling the steam room.Therefore, those most 3.1 meters, which are described by the engineer Priorov - not fiction, but rather a necessity.If you have the required amount of materials for the construction of the oven and good, of course.And the height of the shelves, of course, everyone's business.
If your steam room ceiling height of two meters, then after a few strokes of the oak and birch instrument pairs simply dissipate.You will look for constructive punctures, inspect the room in search of cracks, sin on steam, and so on.
will constantly pour water on the rocks, but the quality of procedure and did not get it.And all because someone was sorry to raise the ceiling on the extra 25-30 centimeters!
The pair, by definition, there is no ventilation.At least, while taking bath procedures.Otherwise, neither vapor nor the temperature will not.
This is possible after the turn and ventilation, and the door wide open to steam dry out, and from the left from humidity.And in the time spent there - what will you breathe?
Therefore air with oxygen is necessary to provide a large amount.So, the height of the ceilings still have to increase, rather than build a bath and a half meters.
where the ceiling height of the bath is simply to provide a comfortable stay - and all.As you can set parameters to determine if a person has a height meter yardstick, and the second - two and twenty?
for washing, dressing and changing room design and size do not matter in principle.For the "freshness" and the large volumes of air, given the constant high humidity, it is possible to raise the level of the ceiling and 3.5 m - so will breathe freely.
But sex in all areas should be lower than in the steam room.It is necessary that cool air is not as intensively distributed on the bottom, when it opened the door to the steam room.In the washing room floor still recommended to "drown" five centimeters, to be dispersed throughout the water bath.
about how to insulate ceilings in the bath described in the article Thermal insulation ceiling bath - do yourself.Insulate ceilings in the bath can be and with the help of expanded clay.
Enjoy your bath treatment!