With the advent of new materials for finishing repairs on the premises was much easier to do.Using these products, you can eliminate the shortcomings of construction in new buildings, to make repairs in a private house, which is shrunk.In all these cases, we will plasterboard.It can help you align the ceiling in the new apartment after misfolding plates and fix the cracks when the new building has given the shrinkage.This article will explain step by step how to repair drywall ceilings.
most important work of this kind: it is an opportunity to realize any design solutions (see article What can be the design of the ceiling in the room and ceiling design in the bedroom - to compare and choose).
Drywall has a lot of indisputable advantages:
- Enough high insulation .Possibility of installation of additional insulation, and of any thickness (polystyrene, mineral wool, polystyrene);
- Proper installation is obtained perfectly smooth surface, further processing requires minimal cost;
- high fire safety.The material for the manufacture of non-flammable;
- Good sound insulation ;
- Ability to create shaped surface;
- Compared with traditional materials rather quick installation;
- is environmentally friendly;
- Heep - a material that "breathes".He is able to maintain the humidity in the room;
- base plate allows the use of virtually any finishing materials (ceramics, plaster, wallpaper, paint);
- Convenient and easy to work;
- Allows you to hide the wiring (between the ceiling and stuff), it rules out additional channels for wires.
I think, given these advantages, many decide to repair the ceiling drywall.
Choosing the right material
repair plasterboard ceiling should start with choosing the right type of material.
all depends on the place of installation:
- ceiling.Repair ceiling drywall, it is best to use this kind of material.It has a lightweight appearance and strong enough;
- moisture resistance, in which the production, use anti-fungal additives, can be used in rooms with high humidity.Perfect for the repair of the bathroom, swimming pool, winter garden;
- Fireproof used where there is high temperature and increased fire safety.Such sheets under elevated temperature loses structural integrity.
tensile strength of the material
This figure is not everyone can come in handy.Sometimes, however, you should know, and such nuances.For instance repairing the ceiling drywall is done in the production area, or use fancy stucco finish (it weighs quite a few).
|thickness of the sheet of material||Bending strength in MPa|
|10,0 and less||6,0|
|10 to 12,5||5,5|
|More than 12, 5i 15||5,0|
|than 12.0 and up to 18||4,8|
|More than 18 and up to 20||4,5|
front of the sheet can withstand the load is not less than 20 MPa.
prepared for work
Repair drywall ceiling should start with the preparation of the necessary tools and materials.
This will give the opportunity to work without stopping at trifles:
- materials.Plasterboard is selected depending on the room in which the ceiling installation is done (types of plasterboard, which may be required in the work listed above).It should be purchased and metal profiles: guides ceiling UD profile , longitudinal main with a profile CD and transverse basic with profile CD :
- When installing the required hardware: mounting profile should buy special hangers, anchors, dowels, "crab"(elements of the cruciform type used for fastening the transverse and longitudinal profiles and are used for lengthening the profile);
- need tools: level (preferably more than one meter), hacksaw, hammer, plane, fishing line, screwdriver, for measuring angles should take the square, tape measure;
- for the final, finishing work, you will need: sandpaper, a spatula, putty.
repair plasterboard ceiling is carried out in a room that should prepare properly
- At the time the work should be maintained temperature of not less than 15 degrees, it should be noted that the temperature should be not only at the time of referenceIt works, but within 48 hours, after repair;
- Using drywall ceiling repair should be carried out in a well-ventilated area;
- not perform drywall installation to installation of doors and windows.
After the selection and purchase of material, preparation of the necessary tools, you are ready to conduct the work, which can be divided into several stages :
- Installation frame;
- Performing sheets of drywall fasteners;
- final work.
Before you get started, you must make the correct layout.Decide what height should have a ceiling, but we should not forget the distance from the mounting base must be at least 10 cm., This standard provided for a basic installation of the lamp.
- measure the brightness of all corners of the room and choose the lowest.Based on this size, there is a point for the installation of the ceiling is made of the measured distance;
- According to the point where the ceiling, do a line around the perimeter of the room.This will help level and rake;
Warning: It is not always in the room can be a straight floor, from which you can mark the distance.The level is not suitable for measuring a long distance (for example, angles diagonally).In these cases it is best to apply the oil pressure level, which is easily done.
Take the rubber hose on the length of the room.The pharmacy buy two glass tubes that stuck to the ends of the hose.Fill with water.We put a tube to the desired point of installation, on the one side of the room.
second side of the tray to the opposite wall.Moving up and down, we define the same point on the other wall.The water will rise or fall, will show us the right place.
- With rail line mark the construction around the perimeter of the room.There will be a fixture of the guide profile;
- mark and made for easy installation hangers.
installing drywall, repair ceilings should continue with mounting profiles UD.For their attachment to the wooden ceilings, use self-tapping screws.If the installation is carried out on the concrete surface should be used dowels, fasteners for which you want to drill the holes.The distance between the attachment points should not exceed 30 cm be .
step by step look at the process:
- Around the perimeter of the installation fixes profile UD;
- By marking made on the ceiling, making the installation of hangers, with the distance between them no more than 80 cm ;
- main longitudinal profiles, with screws fixed on the guide, after inserting them.Then do the installation directly in the suspension;
- If the installation area is large enough, use the line for installation.The ceiling should be perfectly smooth.All major longitudinal profiles should be performed in a perfect plane.
- Installation profile makes control adjustment fixture.Required to find all elements in a single plane.Be sure to soak this option, it gives a basis for setting a ceiling.The accuracy will depend on fixing the amount of material used later;
- makes mounting the main transverse frame members.
we've got hanging grille, fixed on the ceiling.This is the foundation for fastening the drywall.
make repairs of ceilings, gypsum board mounted on the grille.When it is not placed in the same plane are visible flaws ceiling.To eliminate them, will leave a lot of stuff, and spent a great time.Do quality immediately.
Preparing to install lighting equipment
Communications to connect lighting performed before installing drywall.It cut through the special line for wires.Check in advance to place fixtures and vent ends at this point.
If you want to install a large chandelier, consider securing rack-mount profiles, they will be installed luminaire.
When you install spotlighting, in their place attach the ring-crowns.The necessary holes for the fixtures follow the advance.
consider all the above series:
- accurately determine the placement of lighting fixtures;
- do the right measurements;
- Make a hole in the drywall of the desired diameter, for use of the drill with paddle;
- When making holes for heating pipes, it must fulfill the diameter of the pipe to be 10 cm.
Production of single-level ceiling
his first false ceiling plasterboard better to sibling.Before installation, drywall better place for a few days in the area where the work will be carried out.It is in the "accustomed" to humidity.This avoids warp after setting, the material attains the desired humidity.
always have to cut a sheet of drywall, it is better to carry out the usual office knife, but can be applied with a fine tooth hacksaw (though in this case would have fallen a lot).Place the sheet on the table.Horizontal surface should be smooth and perfect, this will avoid splits and ensure evenness of the cut line.
- note the cutting line;
- We perform an incision on the front of the material, holding a knife to the line and making pressure at this;
- little shifts the sheet from the edge of a hard surface and making the material breakdown.We turn to the other side and dorezaem knife blade along the line of fracture.
Butt material should be smooth, without bumps and nicks.To bring the plane to a normal state, you can apply plane.Sheets should lay down exactly to the edge of had the opportunity to chamfer with a depth of not more than 5 mm.a tilt of 45 *.
sheathes frame plasterboard
continue to repair ceilings, drywall is attached to the grid.Start fixing the sheets should be done with the angle from which to start counting by the guide profiles.It is precisely the edges to fit the dimensions of the lattice frame attached.All edges should fit snugly on the profile, you can not prevent sagging.
Screws must be chosen depending on the thickness of the sheet.Fasteners should be the distance from the edge of the material is not greater than 1.5 cm, and between the attachment is also 1.5 cm.
On the mount surface must be free of flaws and irregularities, otherwise mounting will not be strong enough.Screwing is done with "waterboarding" screw to a depth of about 2 mm.Do not leave the hat screw on the surface of the sheet.
When installing the sheet to the wall, leave a gap, in consequence cover this gap by means of a plinth or a decorative bracket.Upon expansion sheet gap will enable the sheet of material does not abut against the wall, thus avoids deformation of the ceiling.
Improper fastening screws, it must be unscrewed and secure in another place (at 5 mm from the previous one).At the same place is not fixed screw.
Making a two-level ceiling
We have considered how to make installation a single-level ceiling of plasterboard, installation of a two-level ceiling is not significantly different from the previous, but its implementation is a little different.
To begin to make careful measurements and consider the desired configuration.On the base installation requires not only cause marking of the first level, and second.Subsequently, part of the layout intended for the second layer is transferred to the already mounted first.
first level set exactly as described above.
continue to perform fastening drywall, paneling carried to the border with the second level, but it should make a small overlap in the line of the second level (usually it is the thickness of the sheet).
Work on the second level, correspond to the first, only mount suspensions is carried out not at the base of the ceiling, and a CD profile.
- On the contour of the first level do the layout down to display the second level already.Draw a line around the perimeter of mounting and installation of fulfilling her profile;
- Use the CD profile of the first level fasten hangers.They assemble longitudinal and transverse profiles;
- If the configuration includes curves, then the profile should do a little desperately, it will facilitate the production of the bending radius and makes it easier to carry out the installation.
sheathes frame, exactly as described earlier, apply for fixing screws.Do not forget to pre-slotted for fixtures, and correctly apply the dimensions.
We produce band plasterboard and close the box of the second level.Next shpaklyuyut joints and seams sealed with tape reinforcing.After all seams shpaklyuyut for the second time.Given the time to fully dry.
We perform a skin cleansing irregularities.The ceiling has been prepared under the final finish.
holding putty ceiling
Attached drywall ceiling repair should continue putty surface.It is not necessary to do the job right, you have to wait a couple of days completely dry.
- to start conducting a visual overview of all surfaces and joints, eliminates these defects;
- put a layer of putty on joints.When applied to do a little pressing, it will completely fill the void;
- By putting a loop serpyanku tape is very carefully monitor the formation of bubbles and do not allow this;
- Give a little grab putty and apply a second coat;
- Give a couple of days to dry (this will depend on the humidity) All joints grind special net, cleaned rough and uneven.
We made plasterboard, repairs carried out correctly.You can furnish further paste wallpaper or paint.It is a matter of taste of each of us.
Just on our website you can learn about how to fix the curve ceiling.