suspended ceiling installation today is probably the most popular option of finishing.And it has its reasons.
In this article we look at the most popular options.You will learn how to install a suspended ceiling, will be able to watch a video on the rules of conduct of business and see pictures of the subject and be able to choose the right design.
Advantages suspended structures
There are several options for finishing the suspension system.You will need to first determine the material of manufacture, and only then begin to perform work.So
- First of all, it should be said that is not required to make repairs and to align the reference plane.It almost does not matter.
should only prepare it a little, that takes a lot of time and money;
- Arrangement ceiling is quite simple and it applies to any coverage.That allows you to work with their hands full and without resorting to outside help, which significantly reduce the cost of the entire structure;
- It is possible to make an additional heat and sound insulation of the ceiling.And use almost any material thickness;
- before installation to determine the lighting, which can be installed on almost anyone, it is only necessary to decide before the start of reference works;
- you can make the design and the presence of various pipes on the ceiling, which can be hidden;
Warning: When the suspension system should be given attention and the environment.Please note.
If there is high humidity, then it is better to use plastic panels, they are less susceptible to moisture.For residential premises is perfect and drywall that can be done at several levels and make the surface perfectly smooth.
- Any of the designs is quite durable and will last for many years.And it does not require expensive maintenance.Each surface is not whimsical
ceiling mounting technology is quite simple and the work you can do yourself.
All work is done in a certain order, which is required to comply.This will be the key to success.
Preparation of the reference plane
Now we'll show you how to mount the ceiling.
In any system, it all starts with the preparation of the reference plane:
- To get started, simply remove the previous coating.And examine the surface.
We do not care about the irregularities, should reveal the presence of the fungus on the surface.After mounting the suspension system to do the job will fail.
- If there are dark spots, then we need to treat the surface with antiseptic, which are commercially available.Prefer liquid deep penetration and spend treatment a couple of times;
- Must see and cracks.Little can simply not notice.
If there is a large amount of damage that can exfoliate and fall, should be removed.This will require making plaster surface;
- After that give the plane is completely dry and apply a layer of primer (sm.Gruntovka ceiling - a useful necessity).This is done using a roller or spray.
This work is also necessary when mounting any of the materials.Mounting ceiling begins with this.
frame will determine the configuration of the entire system, which should be perfect geometric shapes and must be carried out fairly tight.
Note: This system can be made of wood or metal profile.In the second embodiment applies the necessary timber 50:50.
should bring to the place of concern in advance and make a pre-treatment material.For this is antiseptic in the retail trade.
After treatment, the material will not rot and will last lifetime.Processing is done twice.
- now define the lowest corner of the room and put a mark;
- then added to this size or value of the profile bar.If you plan to place a heater, then you have to add its thickness and put honey agaric mark;
- Now this size must be transferred to the other wall.To do this it is best to use a hydraulic level.
With his help, you can make this work most closely.Get it in retail or make yourself.We transfer the mark;
- After that it is necessary to connect the dots of one line and indicate the level of placing a ceiling.To do this, apply the nylon thread.
With it just bounces size.After that we got a placement plane design;
Attention: Before you start mounting bar should find the layout of the wiring.It can not be damaged during the conduct of operations.
If the scheme is not, then why not buy a determinant.And only after that do the work, marking the line conducting wires on the ceiling.
- Now we need to mark the perimeter of the profile or timber.We cut the desired elements in size and fasten them on the drawn line.It
line.Do not pay attention to the rack, they can be slightly curved;
- for wooden surfaces as the fasteners can be used conventional screws.If the plane with us from concrete or brick, then you should resort to the gun.Make the holes and fixing is performed using dowels;
Warning: Do not use the dowels, which are sold in a set.Buy plastic pacifiers individually.
After this purchase screws with a cross section less than a couple of holes plastic mm.It is this attachment would be more accurate and tough.
- now be cut into longitudinal profile or a bar.If you as the face of the drywall apply, then the rack should be placed to mount drywall were in the middle of the sheet and the edge.
And remember, the connection sheet can not be performed in the air, it must be conducted on the rail .If you use plastic plates, then insert profile every 50 m cm.
This will give the necessary rigidity;
- makes the connection, as described above;
- If you are using a metal frame with a profile, then you should now Post suspensions, which are attached every 50 cm., And with their help adjustment is performed plastic panels.When using sheets of drywall, do not have to.
should simply set the correct profile.To do this is to pull the fishing line on the extreme elements and regulate the placement of the plane strips using spacers;
wiring for lighting
mounting fixtures in the ceiling should be started after the installation of the framework.
should do the wiring and test the lighting system:
- determines the point to start the network connection.Here we put the junction box;
- Now make a mark on the ceiling fixing points of lighting fixtures;
Note: If you plan to use energy-saving lamps, then you need to install step-down transformer.The transformer and distribution box, you will need free access, if any damage, so be related to site selection very seriously.
- makes connecting cable and fasten it to the ceiling.For the wires, you must first define its cross section and only after that to make a purchase.
Do not take cable cross-butt, the wiring must be provided for supply of power on the order of 20 per cent;
- Fasten cable.For the connection should not be used twists, special terminals, which are in the free market, they provide the reliability and quality of the connection.
Remember, if a problem occurs after you install the wiring, it is not so easy to get, so do all qualitatively;
- at the location of lighting do the cable release, which should be sufficient for a free connection;
- Connecting the lighting and look correct light distribution.While all can be converted fairly painless.
After mounting the panels, this work will be much more difficult to perform.So we do it right;
- If we are satisfied with the distribution of light, then switch off the power and remove the lamps.Now we need to do facing plane.
Now you can make a warming of the plane and put the necessary insulation.
Mounting ceiling with his hands to do practically the same for any material.Now we need to make the front of the mount and here the work is not done so, but it all depends on the material of the lining, where fixing is carried out somewhat differently.
This material is most often used in the design of the ceiling.Therefore, we will describe the principles of installation starting from that material.
- cutting material made in this way.The first step is to prepare a flat surface, for that best suited the table.
clean it.Put a sheet.
note the score line using a flat rack and a pencil.Now make an incision with a sharp knife.
Shift the line break from the edge of the table to be 5 mm.After that, through putting a flat rail and makes a sharp pressure on the second side.
sheet breaks down quite smoothly.After this process the slice using the planer;
- Connection is made by means of screws.Which should be screwed perpendicular to the surface.
If the item did not go smoothly, then should not be a fixture in the same place.Step back a few cm. And make the connection to the new;
- compound sheets is not performed on weight;
- When fastening screw hat should drown in the plane of the coating for a few mm.After that, this place is plastered;
- On sheets should be done by means of a chamfer planing;
- elements is not necessary to strengthen the close, the gap should be done about 5.Mm.This way you will avoid problems during expansion of the material;
- for lighting do the next job.Attached sheet.
Noted on the luminaire.They removed the sheet, and make holes using a nozzle drill.
The crown should be purchased in advance.Pay attention to the size, which must match the lighting fixtures.We put
sheet.We make attachment thus derive the wire through the hole;
- So do finish the entire plane.Once all the panels must be done finishing the plane.For this, she
puttied.At the seams should be placed serpyanku.Now, it should be placed and secure ceiling moldings.
It has a detailed article on our site.After the putty surface is polished and painted.
Video Installation of suspended ceilings, you can see below.
mount plastic panels
Now consider how to make a plastic fastening system.
- Before installation, you must draw a drawing and to calculate how to make fastening elements.In fact, after installing such a surface is not processed, and you get the ultimate design.
Therefore, if the items are not included in full, then consider how you place them symmetrically;
- cutting elements is done using a hacksaw, metal, or any other, but which has a small tooth;
- at the location of fixtures is to try and put a mark element output cable.After this is done using a drill hole with an attachment or you can use a sharp knife stationery;
- should focus on fixing the last panel, which becomes full, it must be cut to length.Therefore, before installing Gaugeable diagonal space to elements went smoothly and the latter has been cut off smoothly, but did not have the form of a wedge.
slot will cover skirting.First, we are putting a member and make notes using the marker.
then makes an incision using a handsaw;
- All panels are inserted into one side of the slot until it clicks, it will prompt the sound of the locking element. After this second side fix to the frame with screws;
- last step we will install baseboards.Who finished finishing flow.
now mounting instruction ceiling you have.It remains to choose the material and get to work.
remains to say the following.Do not rush when carrying out the work.
Do everything carefully and made the proper measurements.