Despite the fact that currently there was a set of more modern methods of finishing the ceiling, as well as various coatings used for this purpose, the paint does not lose its popularity.Of course, good color scheme - it is important for aesthetic perception of the interior ceiling.
But most importantly, all the same, how well done the preparation for painting the ceiling.In this article you will be given instructions for its implementation, video, as well as some examples of design painted ceiling.
Types of preparatory work
answer to the question: "How to prepare for painting the ceiling?" May not be straightforward.Much depends on its state, as well as the chosen method of aligning reference surface.So
- preparatory process may include cosmetic luting, performance gypsum screeds on ceiling or drywall, wallpapering painting.
- In any case, the process of preparation of the ceiling is made up of a certain number of process steps to be performed before starting his coloring.Therefore, we consider separately each of these options.
If desired, any repairs can be made with your own hands, and even more so if it is not major and minor.The difference between these two concepts, we all know.So
- can do cosmetic repairs in the satisfactory condition of the ceiling: if the plaster is well kept, but on the surface there are yellow stains or small cracks.Or maybe you just want to freshen up the paint shade, or change color.
- In any case, you must remove the old decorative coating.If this wallpaper, lime or chalk whitewash, sweep produce a spatula, after pre-wetting the surface.
Fur roller with a long handle you will be an indispensable tool both at this stage and in the future.
- for various enamel, oil, latex and silicone paints, use special wash.
They are used, if you remove paint mechanically impossible.For each type of coverage has its cleaners - the price depends on the materials from which they are made.
- As part of washes usually contain paraffin.This component inhibits evaporation, because to soften the old paint layer takes some time.Thereafter, it is easy to clean with a spatula, and cloth.
- possible, after removal of the decorative layer, in some places bare joints between the slabs.Their incorporation will be the next step.
First of all, you need to release the joint from the remnants of the old solution.After cleaning the ceiling, on its surface may be left and the marks of a spatula.
- Before applying the solution, the surface is treated with betonokontaktom.Priming is performed over the entire area, despite the fact that the puttying will be partial.
Depending on the volume of forthcoming works, you can use a dry composition that simply dilute with water or take a bucket of finished gypsum mixture.
After scratches and notches are embedded, gives a solution to dry completely.Then ASSUME nazhdachku №0, shlifuete plastered areas (sm.Shlifovka ceiling doing the right), and removes the resultant dust.Next, apply them one more layer of soil, and your ceiling is ready for application Finish: paint or wallpaper.
condition of the ceiling may be such that the preparation for painting the ceiling a partial spackling not limited.Often it turns out after the removal of the old decorative coating.So
- wallpaper or tiles can be removed together with pieces of plaster, exposing the impressive gaps between the beams.Plugs that cover holes in traffic areas of communication pipes, too, tend to fall.You need to tap the rendered surface to see if there are any voids beneath it.
- If so, you need to clean up the ceiling joists, using, if necessary punch.It's a dirty job, and the most time consuming.
But if you do not want to come back again in the future to the overhaul, it will have to do.Separation of old plaster can occur for various reasons.
- One of them - is the existence of differences in height, due to what was dealt a rather thick layer of mortar.Now this problem is solved easier - it makes suspended or boarding ceiling, pull the fabric, drape fabric.
- Another reason is more prosaic: substandard adhesion layers.That is, during a previous repair, master ignored necessity of applying the primer.Do not repeat their mistake!
- More about twenty years ago, balanced plaster mixtures, however all are now, simply was not for sale.
Each master was preparing a solution of their own recipe.Failure dosages of components led to the fact that the composition of the solution in each kneading different.
- With the use of modern solutions such problem disappears by itself.Manufacturer packaging indicates the exact ratio of water to the mixture - follow its instructions, and everything!
- Preparation for painting ceilings, have such problems, which are discussed above, it requires a more careful approach.In addition to the primer (sm.Gruntovka ceiling - a useful necessity) and finishing putty, used in cosmetic repair, you will need two more kinds of mixtures.
- This cement paste for filling large recesses in concrete and gypsum starting mixture.It has a coarser dispersion, and is used for the first layer.There
and versatile options, but if necessary, the multilayer coating, it is better to use the start and finish.
- first cement paste needed to close up all the holes and joints, cleaned the old solution.Before filling sealant, they are treated soil.While it dries, prepare pieces of broken bricks or concrete or concrete block or gravel, take the coarse fraction.
- recesses are filled with a solution, and it is recessed in any of these fragments.In fact, it turns out concrete filling: sturdy and durable.There
sealants for concrete, have the property to expand during solidification.They are waterproof and more - and this property is indispensable where ceilings can proceed: the last floors of apartments, bathrooms, kitchens.
- After sealing joints can begin to process the entire surface of the soil composition, and then a layer of plaster is applied to start.Before you make a second application, this time finishing layer, previously made screed must be completely dry.And do not forget about the ground!
Next, apply the final coat, carefully leveled and, after drying, sand abrasive mesh.The surface should get even and smooth.Suck up dust from the plaster ceiling, and again gruntuete it.As long as the surface dries, do wet cleaning in the room.It is important to do before painting works, as dust, hitting a fresh paint, can ruin your work.
Preparation for painting ceilings with drywall, much simplifies the task of balancing.Especially when there are big differences on the floor level.
What you have to do anyway, so it's clean all that poorly kept, and cement the cracks and holes in the ceiling, if any.Everything else will be closed with sheets of drywall.So
- Alignment dry method is the headliner sheets GCR performed on metal sheets or wooden crate.The details of the installation frame and mounting plates on the frame, we are not going to go - you can easily find the information in the articles on our website.
- After the installation work, just made preparation for painting the ceiling.It includes several operations: sealing of joints between sheets and heads of screws, puttying the whole area, sanding, priming.
- practice, the same as in the wet leveling (sm.Vyravnivanie ceiling Rotband - do yourself) screed is only one, the most thinly.
jointing, in this case, runs a little differently: it uses tape-reinforcing serpyanka: paper or fiberglass.
- Before filling the grooves between the sheets is also necessarily primed.Then they filled up half the plaster putty, glued tape, and aligned.By the way, if the paste over the surface of the embossed wallpaper for painting, the whole area of the ceiling, you can not putty.
If the painting will be performed on plasterboard, the putty is required, as space sealing caps screws and joints will still be visible.
After screed made, sanded and primed with, you can start painting.And we, in our next chapter will give you some ideas of how to make an interesting painted ceiling, and unforgettable.
To select color options of the ceiling should be based on the concept of the interior as a whole.It can be absolutely any color, even black, but it must be justified by the height of the room, her area of assignment.
Designers use color as a tool for visual adjustment of volume space:
- And here the first example of such a finish.In the photo you can see the interior of a living room with dark ceiling.This room has a large height, so this color scheme is even necessary.
- known that dark colors visually approximates the surface.But keep in mind, choosing a ceiling for such avant-garde color, it is necessary to consider, what more it will be combined in the interior.
In our case, this is upholstered furniture, upholstery which exactly corresponds to this color.
- Pay attention to the carpet.His basic background and pattern combine colors used not only for finishing the ceiling, and walls.By the way, gray and all shades, "eggplant" great harmony with each other.
- monochromatic paint the ceiling of complexity is not for anyone.And if you want something unusual?
such issues usually are given when you make a child's room.Maybe after preparation for painting the ceiling is made, it is necessary to invite the artist to paint it?
- He does not just do the job, but will also give you an idea.Well, if you yourself possess such talents - go for it!
artist's work can cost as much as the alignment will cost ceiling.If you want to save, but do not know how to paint - use a stencil.
- The simplest thing you can do with it - this band.Geometric figures, which include bands and generally are quite popular in interior design.
Such a stencil you can make your own out of cardboard, thin plywood or hardboard.
- bands that are in the horizontal position, allow you to adjust the length or width of the room.For example, when a perpendicular arrangement to the longer wall.
Depending on your preferences, may be used two or three different shades of the same colors.Contrasting stripes as in our example, is also a good option.
- stencil can be applied to more complex pattern, simply copying it.It is not necessary to paint the entire ceiling.You can paint it solid, and then strike pattern at the corners or around the perimeter of the luminaire.
Drawing can be performed so as to capture a portion of the wall.Here the mass of options, and you can always choose something that will make the interior ceiling memorable.Because that good color scheme - is the key to the original design.