Many remember a time when the question "How to repair the ceiling" did not arise at all.Everything was simple: do broach, gruntuem, Belim.Nowadays, a lot of new materials that allow you to do something new, to practice their design solution.You can choose the best option finishing the ceiling, taking into account the design of the structure and the desire of the owner.In this article, we consider one of the solutions to this issue, assembly coffered ceiling.Tell us about the kinds of features and installation.
For which facilities is the ceiling cassette?Installation of these structures are usually carried out in a large room, for example in the hall with an interesting design or office with high ceilings.Moreover, it would be useful if there is a need to hide the flaws of the ceiling.
This is one type of a false ceiling, which is composed of panels of square or rectangular shape, which are held by a suspension system.
There are several types of ceilings:
- perforated, which is usually used to improve the ventilation and acoustics.The diameter of the holes is 2 mm , but may differ from this size;
- Stampings, different pattern, which is applied to the outside of the cartridge, improves the aesthetic characteristics of this model;
- Smooth, in which the outer surface is covered with paint, and corrosion-resistant coating is applied on top;
- Mirror.They found a lot of fans.On the mirror is applied to the panel plating.Visually help to increase the room.
Benefits ceilings cluster
This design has its advantages, which sometimes can not be replaced by anything.
- They can hide various types of communications and electrical wiring, and at the same time, have direct access to them;
- If there is a defect on the same panel, you can freely replace without disturbing the basic design;
- possibility of mounting the entire structure itself, without resorting to outside help.This significantly reduces the cost of construction;
- possibility of increasing the sound insulation is achieved using a special coating that is applied to the inside of the panel;
- This eco-friendly design;
- Possess a high level of fire and moisture resistance.
But these ceilings, there are significant disadvantage, coffered ceiling installation occupies a large place living space.As a result of this shortcoming and it is used in rooms with high ceilings.
Types ceilings cluster
production material coffered ceiling divided into several types.
- Metal, which have the basis of the tape steel or aluminum elements, which are applied anodized coating, painting or made of high-quality paint.This allows you to do multiple disassembly and assembly design;
- Mirror, mirror used in the manufacture of various shapes and colors, it allows you to visually increase the room space.It serves as protection for the ceiling of the moisture and dirt;
- glass ceiling, which basically have the glass, it can be transparent, colorless or colored.There may be luminous tape, which is used in the manufacture of acrylic;
- mineral whose composition include mineral fiber, they are the most non-toxic, moisture resistant fireproof.
Mount cassette ceiling
coffered ceiling, is mounting a finishing material and the installation should take into account some special features.When assembling the structure must be maintained certain temperature.Before installing the material must be put in the room where they should be located at least 24 hours.
windows in the room must be glazed, missing damp room.In cold weather, space must be heated.If such conditions are not appropriate at this time, the best move of the work at a later date.If all conditions are met, you can begin to work.
assembly design can be performed in two stages: first, to make installation of the supporting structure, then, to install plates.It should be used when operating the system suspended one form, equipment from different manufacturers is not permitted, they simply will not be joined.When buying look at all of this, to prevent the ingress of defective fasteners.
We'll make a cassette ceiling installation should begin with a complete set of tools.
- Measuring tools (tape measure, the level of construction of at least 1 meter);
- Crayons, required for marking;
- Glasses, eye protection;
- Scissors on metal;
- thin wire or twine;
Suspension system consists of a rail with 3.6 meters long , intermediate rails long 1,2 and 1,6 meters , trim moldings - 3 meters and suspensions.
sure to draw a plan of the installation is not a piece of paper.You must correctly place the structure on the ceiling.At opposite ends of the room, must be the same size plate.It should be fastened to the walls of adjacent panels so that they were 0,5 size of the entire plate .
to deduct the amount of outer plates, use the formula: length divided by the length of the wall panel, the integer part, it will be whole plate.And the remainder is divided by two and get the size of the plates located on the edges.
start installation design
We are all ready to go.There are drawings and purchased the necessary materials.
prepared the required tools.
- Mark up on the wall of the level of finding the future ceiling.To do this with the help of the level and repel the line cord around the perimeter of the premises;
- makes installation line trim around the perimeter of the room to the marked line.When fastening using screws, nails or a special glue.We take into account the necessary space for wiring and communications (if any);
- Getting the basic system, suspended ceiling.We select the right length and hangers holding the wiring;
- Think about how will be placed guides and spend counting their future direction.Suspensions from the ceiling are attached with nails or screws, wires to be fastened several times on its axis.Decide in advance with the placement of lights, in their places of installation of additional hangers must be secured;
- makes mounting the main components of design guides.The device coffered ceiling guides are based on the area.They need to converge and connect strictly 90 *.The size of this is not affected.It is useful to compare the location of the intersection of the diagonals of the square.With a shortage of one entire length of the guide, to be applied fixing locks and then place all the elements of the ceiling on the suspension.Be sure to check the level of the location of the guide.When a large plane is best to resort to using a hydraulic level.It is most accurately indicate drops design.Purchase a rubber hose right length but much thicker.The pharmacy buy two glass tubes and insert them into both ends of the hose.Take a risk on glass and pour the water into the hose.With no such cunning device accurately determine the required level of any part of the ceiling;
- After installing the main guides to install them in the guide spans more.Their size is about 60 cm .If the distance between the main and auxiliary guide more than 60 cm, then you should use the guide to 120 cm .Then start the installation of the ceiling panels;
Note: In the profile closes the hole make a little wider, the diameter of the screw.This will provide the opportunity to more closely align the profile horizontally.It will be possible to remove them on the plane, and just put under the loop.
- The coffered ceiling suspension system can be hidden or visible.The first type of installation has no singularities, and in the second there are some features.To remain invisible tape, attach it from within the suspension system, makes the connection to the guide elements.For this type of fixture latching mechanism is used, which connects the rails, the lower comb and tape;
- next cassette is set at the same level as the previous one.That is what hides the frame, and it is invisible, it is closed cassette.
Thanks to design dispensers access to the wiring and the ceiling is possible at any time.And this does not have to do the disassembly of the ceiling.
sometimes allowed to fix the stringers directly to the slab, the distance between them should not exceed meters 1,2 .Fasteners made with dowels or screws with distance 40-60 cm .In such a system mounting plate unevenness should not exceed 3mm per square meter.The plane stringers aligned using shims.This may be almost any type of ceiling.Installation can begin and mounting stringers ,null, then it is better to determine at what level the area is secured.
Cleaning and maintenance ceiling
Produced ceiling installation.They do not require additional maintenance.
But to maintain their attractive appearance should be made some recommendations:
- should remove dust with a soft brush;
- All marks can be removed with a rubber eraser;
- Do not use abrasive cleaning agents.
After installing the coffered ceiling and assess the quality and practicality of the design, you begin to understand, even though their price is not small, but they are worth the money and effort spent on installation.The main quality to perform this installation.