How to make a ceiling in order to get high-quality finish, plus an interesting interior?Where to begin, what is the order of work, and most importantly, how much all this will cost?
These questions often arise before us in the run-up repairs.Our guide will help you understand how your own hands to make inexpensive repairs ceiling.
better align the surface
As you know, make the ceiling even in two ways - it anhydrite screed and sheetrock (plasterboard).And he and the other options are great for painting, wallpapering and tiling.
Let's calculate what the price issue, and compare what the alignment is economically more advantageous, and whether there is such a benefit at all.The costs will be assumed in most cases the cheapest materials produced domestically.
Suppose you need to repair the ceiling in a room of 20 m2.
Then, for "wet" alignment, you will need:
|list of materials needed||Their appointment and consumption|| costs for the purcha |
| Betonokontakt isan impregnation improves the adhesion layers. Its coverage depends on the porosity of the surface.Combination designed for concrete and brick construction costs within 0.3-0.5 kg / m2. |
to process the concrete base count for the maximum flow rate: 20 m 2: 0.5 = 10litrov.Anhydrite screed absorbs less than concrete, so that both layers will leave the same amount of soil.A total of 20 liters.
|Primer domestic production "miners" will cost just 370rub 10-liter canisters * 370rub kanistru.2.= 740 rubles.|
| ties used to perform starting and finishing plaster mixture.When the ceiling has a lot of irregularities, and the thickness of the screed must exceed 1 cm, it is better to use such a division. |
The average thickness of the mixture on the screed of 10 mm is 9kg / m2.So to tie in two layers of 20m2, will leave 360kg or 12 bags of 30kg.
|cost of universal mixture of domestic production varies between 350 rubles per bag kg.12meshkov * 30 350 rubles.= 4200 rubles.|
Now calculate how much it will cost filing plasterboard:
|list of materials needed||Their appointment and consumption||costs for the purchase of|
|for sheathing under the GCRs come from bars 40 * 40 mm.Of these mounts mesh with a mesh 60 * 120 mm.Where one bar will draw two sheets, or undertakes a wide beam (80 * 40) or mounted dual poyas.Esli considered beams 40 * 40, a room of 20 m2 will go about 65m.p.||Price per meter of timber rub.65m.p 30 * 30 = 1950 rubles.|
|Before mounting the bars to be processed antiseptic.Otherwise, in operation they will crack or can swell in the case of water leakage from the top and the ceiling will crack.Lath processing will leave no more than two liters of soil.Antiseptic is possible to take the import, the company «Pinotex».||Bank 2,7l capacity is 830 rubles.|
|GCR is a gypsum core, enclosed in a cardboard shell.For filing the ceiling using a standard sheet size 2500 * 1200 * 9mm.Taking into account the waste at the ceiling area of 20m2 need 8 sheets||GCR cost of domestic production of 180rub list.8 * 180 = 1440 rubles.|
|Fiberglass tape is needed for sealing the joints between the sheets.At room enough for 1 roll of 90 meters.||Its price is 85 rubles.|
|If surface preparation is carried out under the wallpapering or ceiling tiles, the whole area of the ceiling is not shpaklyuyut, but only sealed seams.So, on the whole ceiling will be enough of one bank is ready to mix bonding agents weighing 5kg.||Such putty, as in the photo, will cost 230 rubles.for the bank.|
|Primer treated joints before applying the first layer of putty.Layers will be two, and after drying, treated kazhdyy.Odnogo 5L bottle capacity would be sufficient.||you spend to buy it no more than 100 rubles.|
|From fasteners you need dowel-nails to fix the bars to overlap, and screws for attachment to the GCR crate.||dowel-nails: 120rub packing 200shtSamorezy price per kg: 80 rubles.|
As you can see, subject to independent works, the cost of the alignment of the ceiling will be about the same.Now, your task is to figure out how to do the ceiling.
If earlier you do not ever do that, look for articles with step by step instructions, watch the video.And we'll figure out what to decorate so carefully prepared for the surface finishing.
How and what to paste over the ceiling
So smooth and even the ceiling - what next?If used in the finishing paint you do not want to, it remains the choice of the ceiling: tile or coil coating.
begin with tiles
used for papering the ceiling tile of expanded polystyrene.It is lightweight and easily trimmed.
main thing is to distribute it on the surface.This can be staggered, diagonal, snake.Much depends on the configuration and relief facing.
- to tile located on the surface symmetrically, you must make markup.In its simplest form, it is necessary to draw a perpendicular to the longitudinal and transverse axis along which are located the first rows of tiles.When the diagonal arrangement of tiles on the basis of the need to draw two more axes.
- If the room has a regular geometric shape, they will cross the ceiling from corner to corner.Otherwise, draw a diagonal axis as bissektriss to the right angles formed by the central axes, which are known to all of the school geometry course, divide them in half.
- Installing tile and panel cladding, in all cases, is conducted from the point of intersection of the axes, that is, the center of the ceiling - to the walls.This is done for the sake of the whole area of the ceiling tiles were whole, and had to be cut to only those that are adjacent to the junction of the wall and ceiling.
then you can not worry about, even if rough cut will - it will still be hidden under the baseboard.
- To fix the tile of expanded polystyrene is used glue "Moment-installation," "Liquid nails" or universal polymer adhesive Dragon.If you are pasting the ceiling without leveling floor slab should be cleaned from plaster or whitewash, if she holds tightly to the surface.In other cases, the tiles can be glued directly on the painted surface.The main thing is that the base is flat.
- adhesive is applied on the tile in the corners and in the middle, aged about five minutes until thick.Then tile tightly against the ceiling and held a couple of minutes.
After caulking putty, many types of tiles can be painted.At the same time they create a matte surface and the joints between the fragments lining virtually invisible.
- Installation of gypsum tiles made similarly, but uses a different adhesive: plaster.Another difference is that the extreme elements can not cut as in the case of the foam.Therefore, in the manufacture of gypsum lining must be considered multiplicity length and width dimensions of the ceiling tiles.
There is ceiling panels, such as bamboo, which are also mounted similar to the tile adhesive.With this decoration is made calculation of the number of whole panels that fit on the ceiling area.
remaining space on the perimeter of the closed broad eaves made of plasterboard, or used to frame interior frame prints.Such finishes you see in the example above.
What else you can paste over the ceiling?Of course, this wallpaper, and, not only the ceiling options for painting, but almost all kinds, which are used for the walls.
main thing - to choose a suitable for the particular coloring of the interior:
- It can be combined with both the finish of the walls and furniture, textiles.In the photo below you can see how the room is decorated, sheathed with plasterboard.As you can see, the ceiling is plastered with the same wallpaper as the walls.Wallpapers matched with stripes, and arranged so as to visually enlarge the size of a small room.
- used for finishing the ceiling and other types of roll coatings.This is also a wallpaper, but with veneered surface: cork and bamboo fabric, stone and wood wallpaper.Generally, finishing the ceiling roll materials, it looks best in combination with other types of finishes.
- order not to cut across the width of the web, and was not visible joints, which are not always inconspicuous, the ceiling trim often operate in a manner similar to that in the case of the bamboo panels.Note the picture below: you, too, can see the ledge around the perimeter of the ceiling, as well as a bridge in the center, hides the junction of two paintings.
coil coating glue as well as other types of wallpaper.Cut sheet size you want, on the reverse side of which the adhesive is applied.
impregnated fabric adhesive segment is applied to the ground and smoothed.The only difficulty - to hang wallpaper on the ceiling alone is inconvenient.To maintain
overhang sheet needed an assistant.Other than that, no problems in the implementation of such a finish, you should not occur.
Just on our website you can about how to paste over the ceiling glossy wallpaper.