technology painting the ceiling may be slightly modified depending on variants of paint chosen for the finishes.Not only painted plaster screed - it can be giprochnaya, plywood, plank filing;surface, pasted over polystyrene tiles or wallpaper for painting.
We'll show you how to whitewash the ceiling latex paint, and how their own hands produce quality training base.Let's talk about the design of the ceiling painted, provide some examples, and, of course, video.
select suitable paint
Before talking about how to paint the ceiling, you need to determine the choice of paint.Each of them has its own characteristics, possible applications, including the design.
Therefore, we offer you an overview of the types of inks that can be used in the interior ceiling.
|type of paint||Brief description||consumption and approximate cost|
| most frequently for painting stucco ceiling used water-based paints.Th |
e main criterion for their selection is that they dry quickly and do not exude a pungent odor, characteristic of the enamel and oil paints.
Depending on the polymer materials constituting the ink, they are divided into: acrylic, latex, silicate and silicone.For finishing ceilings of residential premises, the most commonly used first two options.They are well washed, well fall on the brick, concrete, wood, plaster.
| one layer consumes about 200 ml per 1m2.Apply usually two sloya.Tsena for acrylic jar, capacity 4,5l |
varies from 350 to 790 rubles., Depending on the category and manufacturer of gloss.
The average price of latex paint 940 rubles.Bank of 2,7l.
highest price from silicone and silicate options: about 2200 p.for 5l.
| Alkyd enamel differ extraordinary durability and brightness of colors.In the application, they are versatile, can be used not only in the interior, but also for outdoor use.Alkyd paints are matte and glossy. |
basis for the manufacture of alkyd enamel is glyptal or Nitrocellulose lacquer, hence marking (HF or PF).Enamel is very flexible, dries quite quickly (not more than a day), coating is durable.
| minimum cost of alkyd emali500 rubles.for 1l. |
not cheap, but, one liter of paint missing on 7-8m2.And you can do without the second layer.
| Decorative (texture) of paint are different from all the other options that they not only painted surface, but also create a certain structure on it.Finishing the ceiling or walls painted a very similar to the decorative plaster. |
Decorative paints have great flexibility and a dried layer forms a film is quite strong.For mechanical characteristics are greatly inferior to silicone and alkyd paints, but the ceiling is not so important - its surface is not subjected to any stress.
| When dealing with textured paint coating provides at least three layers. |
first of them the background, two others are added additional colors.
Consumption depends on the effect produced, and varies from 1 to 1.8 kg / m2.
Cost textured paint can make as the 500 p., And 2500r.for 1kg.
In addition to these options, used for painting the ceiling, and adhesives.It is the most inexpensive form of decoration, and therefore the most commonly used, especially in public buildings and offices.
Such compositions are prepared just before use - for that use water, dry pigments, chalk and glue (CMC or PVA).Whitewashing adhesive composition creates a matte surface.
The main thing is not to apply at coloring each other different types of paint.The adhesive composition and the water-soluble dyes can be washed off with water.
For all other types of paints and enamels manufacturers produce appropriate cleaners.When applying them to the painted surface, the paint layer is softened, then remove with a spatula and cloth.
Cooking ceiling for painting
This type of finish requires a perfect surface smoothness.Some paints can hide minor flaws, but if the ceiling is not properly prepared, the beautiful interior will fail.
Alignment should be given special attention, and the degree of training depends primarily on the initial state of the ceiling.So
- If you are not finishing primary and repairs, then have to start with the dismantling of the decorative coatings, cleaning screed from old paint or removing the plaster, which is poorly kept.The list of necessary process steps can be and sealing large cracks (see: How do seal the crack in the ceiling, the actual recommendations) or joints between slabs.
- large joints is not enough just to fill putty.Do you want to solve this problem once and for all, do this: completely remove them from the old solution and treat joints betonokontaktom.
for sealing cracks is best suitable ready-cement paste.Fill the joint mixture and drown in it pieces of broken bricks, stones, concrete block - everything at hand.
- remove excess solution with a spatula and let it harden.After that, prime the joint again, and cursed the reinforcing tape.
Believe - joint, embedded so will hold tightly.Further action will depend on the manner in which you align the ceiling.
- If plaster is primed the entire surface of the concrete slabs, applied layer of putty start, then after the next priming finish.Each layer, whether the primer or tie should dry completely before the next is applied.To make the ceiling smooth, finishing layer is polished with sandpaper.
- When filing plasterboard ceiling, or, for example, plywood, trimming the ceiling may not be necessary.Anyway, if the old plaster is held firmly.It needs to tap, but if there is a void, a coupler is better to remove, otherwise it will crumble during installation lath.
- Align ceiling plasterboard also provides sealing of joints between sheets, Shpatlevanie the whole area of the ceiling grinding.So the complexity of wet and dry process is about the same.
And the money cost almost the same amount.Today it is very fashionable to combine both types of alignment, in which the two created the ceiling.
- stained, as a rule, on the basis of similarity, that is, take the two shades of the same colors.Moreover, the paint can be combined not only in color, but for example, matte and glossy.
often for the first level is used textured paint, and for the second - or alkyd emulsion.In the photo below you can see a beautiful example of this decoration of the ceiling in the living room.
- Using the binding margin board of good quality, you can eliminate the need to perform several operations: screed priming.Instead, it is sufficient to take an alkyd paint with antiseptic, which we mentioned in the table.
It is not necessary to sheathe clapboard ceiling - you can take a wider, floor board.
- Filing ceiling can be carried out both on a wooden crate and on the metal frame.For lath can be used even though the rail 20 * 40, 40 * at least 40 bar.But if you plan to install spotlights have mounted skeleton of an aluminum profile on the suspension as well as the height of the lamp is not less than 8 cm.
- Under the wooden lining, belt sheathing installed in only one direction, and it must be perpendicular to the casing.For lining the pitch between the beams is 50-60 cm for heavier boards can be reduced to 40 cm.
Perhaps you'll want to make the room a ceiling, as the example below.
- crate under the plasterboard ceiling lining is a bit different, since these materials have a different configuration.Under the GCR mounted longitudinal and transverse belt, forming a cell size of 60 * 1,25m.
This makes it possible to fix the sheathing sheets are not only at the edges, but in the middle, because their size is 1.2 * 2.5 m.
For information on how to correctly perform filing drywall, you will always find on our website.Having dealt with alignment and grinding, the ceiling should be vacuumed, primed and then make wet cleaning in the room.
This is important because dust can sit on the painted surface and spoil the appearance of the ceiling.
Paint the ceiling
technology painting the ceiling latex paint is not too different from any other.The easiest way to use white paint, and if the color, the factory version.
In cases where to get the desired color pigment necessary to add and mix paint on their own, there is a risk to get different shades.Better then take advantage of coloring paint, which provides a lot of selling organization.So
- In any case, first dissolve a small portion of the paint and put on a piece of cardboard or plywood.Colour of dried paint can at times different from that stored in the bank.
So you understand how well the chosen shade into the interior of the room.If you paint the walls, and more, right, map, both hue.
- selection of color and intensity, carried out for reasons of size of the room, its natural lighting, the ceiling amount.It may even be black, at least in the strip, at least in the peas - the main measure to comply;compare the color and shape;properly combine the colors present not only on the ceiling, and in general the interior.
Paint the ceiling can be done either by spray or roller.The first option is good in the case where the decoration produced primary premises: no furniture in the room, on the walls and the floor is no decorative covering, windows and doors closed film.
doing repairs already operating room, from which sometimes there is no place to make things work better roll.Otherwise, the cleaning you kill longer than the repair itself.
roller When painting is the main tool, and it must be properly selected.You may need several tools: for application on washing old paint, a primer, for coloring.Therefore, let us consider the issue a little more choice.So
- fur coat roller can be made of different materials: foam, microfiber, PES, nylon or synthetic fur.Each of them has its intensity and impact absorbing paint.It has the meaning and foundation coat.
- If she knitted, coated bead in the process can be stretched.On the basis of woven pile often poorly kept, who always remains on the layer of paint.The best option is considered to be based on the jacquard coat.
- To work with aggressive compositions are best artificial materials.Therefore, to work with paints based on acrylic latex or better use of variants of polyester, polyamide, polyacryl. microfiber coat is best suitable for highly flowable formulations (wash primers).But for acetone paint this stuff does not suit.
- Fur coats made of natural and artificial fur good at using oil paints.By the way, on the label of the instrument often have the manufacturer's instructions in the form of icons that will help sort out this matter.Long-handled roller are selected based on the height of the room.
- There are tools with telescopic handle, with removable or soldered into the housing coats - here the choice depends on your budget.The only thing you need to remember that for smooth surfaces lint on the roller should be absent or be as short as possible.
tool with a long nap is good for the relief surfaces, for example: when painting the ceiling tiles or wallpaper.
- To paint is applied to the surface uniformly, it is necessary to use a special tray or to take for this purpose, a piece of linoleum or plastic.Maknuv roller in the paint, spend it a few times on the surface of the sheeting.
on the surface of the paint is applied in parallel strips, overlaps of 2-3 cm. Moreover, their direction in different layers, should be perpendicular.
number of layers of paint usually does not exceed three.Each of them must be allowed to dry before applying the next layer.
Once the ceiling is completely colored, the places where it is not pulled cushion should touch up using a brush, ceiling brushes.Here, actually, and all science.