Every time before performing a particular type of work we are faced with the question - what materials we need and most importantly, how much?
Gypsum ceiling is no exception.Today we'll talk about how to calculate the required amount of materials.
Area Calculation and calculation of components of different tasks
Who - it can laugh at this offer of assistance according to the calculations.These we can understand.It seems that the special need to do when we calculate the drywall on the ceiling?
One, two, measuring the perimeter of the room, and calculate the area of the required number of gypsum board.So, yeah not so.
fact that the calculation of the ceiling drywall and calculation of the ceiling of plasterboard completely different things.Nobody would argue that when installing a suspended ceiling of plasterboard drywall nothing except take?
GCR size and room size - existing reality
This is the main question, it is necessary not only to ca
Mount - then cut
It is necessary to understand one more thing, the size of the room did not match the size of gypsum boards.Hence, the installation has to make trimming sheets and cut the necessary elements.
Features mounting GCR
Who has ever faced gypsum board, is well aware that it lists can not simply hang in the air, they should be firmly fixed to the metal frame.Cutting off and adjusting the sheets, their joint must lie on a metal profile frame.
Otherwise cracks in the ceiling you provided.
overrun material - why?
Who - that can directly on the eye to determine the required amount of metal profiles, fixtures and say exactly how much he needs drywall?
Of course, you can buy with a huge stock of materials, surely enough, then we could ask the question, why?
For skeptics, we have a small suggestion, we will help you to calculate the material for your ceiling, and the money that you planned for the purchase of excess material, list the nearest orphanage.
calculation GCR, metal profiles and components
We digressed.We think that the question to this article is no longer, get down.
One-level ceiling - we start with a simple
begin with a single-level ceiling.First, you need to measure the room.For example, take a room with a length 5500 and 3200 mm wide .Ordinary rectangular room.
Our advice - if you measure the room, be sure to measure all the walls.It may be that the idea of Architectural your room is not quite rectangular.Nowadays it is not uncommon.
angles and perimeter - an important component
In our example, all the walls have the same room, so it angles are exactly 90 °.It is important.If it turns out that the walls of your room have a completely different size, so it has different angles.In this case, use the calculation of the width and length of the largest dimension of the walls.
Then calculate the perimeter of the room.Simple arithmetic - P = (5500 + 3200) * 2 = 17400 mm .Now we can calculate the number of the profile.
UD-27 - the exact amount
Now you can see how much we need Profile UD-27 .The discharge profile has a length of 3000 mm and 4000.
If you take the profile length 3000 mm, width 3200 mm in the room, you have to add 200 mm.Agree, not very convenient.
why should purchase profile length 4000 mm.
Based on the calculation made earlier, you can calculate the amount of the required profile.
17400/4000 = 4,35 .So, you need to buy UD-profile 4000 size of 27 mm in an amount of 5 pieces.
How many CD-60 - you need to know and it
Next on approach profile for CD-60 frame .
In order to understand how best to mount the frame profile, pay attention to the size of the gypsum board.
Standard gypsum board has the dimensions:
- to 1200 x 2500 x 12.5 mm
- to 1200 x 3000 x 12.5 mm
- to 1200 x 2500 x 9.5 mm
direction selection mounting metal profile
becomes clear that we should mount the frame width.Such an arrangement of the sheet of drywall will give us the least amount of waste.
course, you can mount the profile and length, there is nothing to worry about.Just mount the long profile is much more difficult than the shorter, hope all agree with this?
Then install the profile for 3200 mm width .
plasterboard sheet width 1200 mm .The profile must be located on the edges and the middle of the plate, for a total of 3 pieces.Then, in increments of 600 mm.
exact number of profile CD-60
profile goes from one wall to the other, the opposite.
- do calculations - 5500/600 = 9,1
- turns 9 pieces. 600 X 9 = 5400 mm .
- Last profile is established at the level of 5400.
- to the wall lacks an additional 100 mm.
- At step 600 mm it is quite normal, larger profile is not necessary.
With a width of 3200 mm in the areas we will be 800 mm on each profile.It is we still need.
distance for installation - the choice and the possibility of arranging
ceiling plasterboard, you must decide for itself how far it will be mounted on the ground floors.From this perspective the size, select the desired item installation.
If you want to have a ceiling as close as possible to the overlap, the distance to the main slab is 27 mm.
Why 27?Because we profile UD-27 and the minimum distance at which you can bring the false ceiling to the main overlap.
- We must know that the maximum distance from the standard, direct suspension shall not exceed 120 mm.
Our information - sometimes you want to install a false ceiling at a remote distance from the main overlap.In this case, use the special spring suspension with wire.With this wire, you can adjust the distance setting the ceiling.It can be 500 mm or more.
- such cases are extremely rare, so we will not consider them.
- limited by the fact that our ceiling does not fall below 120 mm from the ground floors.
without dewlap anywhere
We need to calculate the number of hangers for our ceiling.
- first suspension is set at a distance of 300 mm from the wall, then they are established as well as the profile of 600 mm.
- So one profile required 5 hangers.
- profile 9 - 9 * 5 = 45.
- We need 45 pieces of direct suspensions.
jumpers are made of the same profile CD-60.
Crabs - the number is set to
Connect them crabs.
- Crabs are also set at a distance of 600 mm between hangers.
- As a result, the ceiling must be for our 4 crab on one profile.
- consider 4 x 9 = 36 pieces.
Jumpers, crabs - in the end squares
jumpers installed between crabs and between a profile UD-27 and crab.
From the foregoing it is clear that the profile and form a smooth jumper squares measuring 600 x 600 mm.
Our reference - cell size and the frame may be a different size.But 600 x 600 mm recognized as the most effective size for mounting frame plasterboard ceiling and so it is possible to be followed this size.
special place for crabs
What should be strictly adhered to during installation and when we calculate the ceiling of plasterboard:
- installing crabs at around 2500 mm, a place finishes gypsum board, the crab should be set strictly on the level of 2500mm.
As already known, the distance between the profiles is 600 mm, wire size from the center of the profile.
- We profile CD - 60, so subtract 30 mm on each side - 600 - (2 * 30) = 540 mm.
- In order to avoid problems during installation, remove another 5 mm.
- As a result, we got Headroom - 535 mm.
size between the profile UD-27 and crab also be measured.
the part where we began to establish the profile of CD - 60, we have a distance of 600 mm, while the opposite side remains 100 mm.
turns two sizes.We believe:
- (600 - 30) - 5 = 565 mm
- (100 - 30) - 5 = 65 mm
- 565 mm - 4 pieces
- 65 mm - 4 pieces
- 535mm - 36 pieces.
Balance in business - the amount Profile
We have 9 pieces of 800 mm.From one shall cut 4 pieces of 65 mm and one 535. Of the remaining 8 using four cut a 4 to 565 mm and of the other 4 to 535 mm
means we need 31 more piece of 535 mm.
- * 31 = 535 mm 16585
Buy three meter profile.So get less residues.
- 16585/3000 = 5,52
So we need another 6 profiles of 3000 mm.
All you can summarize.To mount suspended plasterboard ceiling in our room we need:
- Metal profile brand UD-27 - 5 pieces of 4000 mm
- Metal profile CD-60 - 9 units of 4000 mm
- Metal profile CD-60 - 6pieces of 3000 mm
- Direct suspension - 45 pieces
- Crab - 36 pieces
dowels, screws - believe all
For mounting profile to the wall, we need anchors.They are fixed in the region of 300 or 400 mm apart.
- With P = 17400/300 = 58 pieces of wall plugs for fixing the profile to the wall.
profile is attached to the suspension with four screws.
- 45 * 4 = 180 pieces of screws for fixing the profile to the suspension.
When installing crab uses four screws, and to fasten it with a profile of two.
- (4 + 2) * 36 = 216 pieces.
Calculation of plasterboard - connect with screws
calculate the required quantity of gypsum board, it is possible to accurately calculate the necessary number of screws to secure it.Typically, they are mounted at a distance of 250 mm.We think you can do this yourself.
As for the drywall.
- With sheet size 1200 x 2500 x 9.5 mm it is clear that we need as much as 6 sheets of drywall.
A similar calculation can be made for its own premises.
Knowing one - you can do both
Of course, we have considered a simple calculation of single-level ceiling.But to understand the principles, you can successfully calculate the required amount of materials and for more complex designs.
Most importantly, remember - gypsum board must always be joined to the metal profile.