article is intended for those who want to hire a construction crew for the installation of the ceiling structure, and not to do the work with their own hands.
As is well known, "Building Regulations" dictate "correct" use of materials, model rules aimed at safety of buildings and structures.Handicraftsmen do not need it, unless, of course, the work is done for you.
SNIP ceilings defines as "front finish in the interiors of buildings and premises."And a huge pile of presents just in terms of facilities management requirements.
But we do not need all this because we are one in the best their sleeping room and kitchen does not drive, and do sit there with pleasure.So we want the following.
Variety with good quality
Design ceilings a lot, variety is amazing.Also, a lot of colors, textures and materials themselves facing.
ability to vary the number of layers and their configuration leads to the fact that projects can be just tysyachi.Kak organize all
Under one snip suspended ceilings are not adjusting, it was necessary to create a separate partition.And there have been changes in the position of SNIP 3.04.01-87 "Insulation and finishes."
Now all the advantages of modern designs was suspended Pravilami.Dlya can regulate the owners of apartments, which will be renovated with the installation of suspended ceilings, it is recommended to read this tome.
Even if you do everything with your hands (see: How do make a ceiling of plasterboard with their hands), will have an idea about the basic requirements.
That is - what is required of ceiling finishes, what to pay attention to details.It is not just the strength and durability, as well as the beauty and ease of care!
If you decide to call on mercenaries, especially read the basic requirements, because according to SNIP ceiling must meet many requirements that are hired construction crews often do not comply.
What to look
Note that installation hanging (suspended) design should provide all the functionality , which are inherent in this type of structures.
minimum, you should demand from workers and roulette screwdriver is:
- Any ceiling SNP defines as an additional structure to accommodate utilities.Finishing well is to hide all the wires (sm.Uznayte 5 ways how to spend the wiring on the ceiling), cables, pipes and other systems, up to pipe fire suppression system.And access to them (communications) should be easy.If access to the first that fell wire you have to shoot polpotolka - this non-compliance "building regulations".
- surface must necessarily withstand its own weight mounted in her system, and this in places where spotlights and other suspension and embedded devices (ceiling speakers, for example) need to strengthen the framework further guides or ribs.
Do not forget also about
- Virtually all such ceilings SNIP provides installation of heat or sound insulation.For modern apartments, which are so modern that even when Khrushchev built, soundproofing question is very relevant, and it is - one of the requirements of standards for such structures.
It is through this SNP in the ceiling height is reduced by mounting the suspended structures at least 5 cm - for laying the insulation and engineering services.
- When installing multi-level ceilings need to monitor the evenness of horizontal surfaces and the corresponding level in the same way as when the leveling of suspended ceilings uneven ground.Very often the system with a height difference due to its complex geometry have a lot of shortcomings in this regard.
At the same time, almost any standard design does not have to "eat" more than 20 centimeters of the original height of the ceiling, unless it is specifically projected.
to such parameters as ceiling height SNIP are strictly because in this case violated the standards taken into consideration even in the construction of buildings - by one person should have so many cubic meters of space (see: How do visually increase the height of the ceiling - tips).
breach of such rules is not only to visual discomfort, but also is capable of seriously affect the performance, comfort, relaxation, general well-being.Somehow, to the living quarters it is also true, even though they are private!
What do the rules
Code "right" - a very well thought-out book that defines "how it should be."If you do not follow this, you will have structural damage, loss of life disparity technical standards and a lot of headaches and other pains in different parts of the body.
Therefore, we strongly recommend that will ensure that your device ceiling was done this way:
- Mounting lining should start only after complete consolidation of all elements of the framework and compliance guides certain project size and level.That is, repairers do not have to beat two guides, and immediately hang them on the panel, and then finish on the frame.
- All panels or plates are mounted on the frame only after careful markup.Installation is carried out only at the corners.All panel joints should be designed in advance, and are not spontaneous - they say that it is here that we have it, and cut off the ...
- plane must be the plane and not hang in the middle of the ceiling.Any panel must be strictly after fixing the horizontal, which mount is made according to the rules of installation of the material.
mount any, even the smallest panel only at the edges is not allowed.
- If you are so meticulous that they are ready to fully control the process and take the finished work as the auditor of the selection committee, in SNIP has a table in the chapter number 14, look into it and check with what is happening.