Any repairs designed to elevate the home, but not everyone is assigned to work with bases.Alignment surfaces - it is difficult, long and messy, if you do all capital.But modern materials allow not to touch any walls or floors, for example, plasterboard ceilings in the living room can be mounted directly on the curves overlap with differences and cracks.
How to do it right?After all, a bad repair is not decorate the interior, but only add problems.The right choice of a project or an independent design and material selection and competent installation have to be prepared and carefully thought out.
Materials and tools
It is important at the initial stage.Because the project you can tell the designer, or you can choose to have photos ready plasterboard ceilings in the living room.And consumables and equipment you no one will.
therefore immediately ready and check the serviceability of the following tools and materials:
- Plasterboard sheets on the ceiling dimensions250h120 cm;
- Ceiling aluminum profiles CD 60 [27 and UD 27-28 mm;
- Screws under the common nickname of "bugs" of 4 mm;
- dowel-nails or dowels rapid installation of 6h60 mm;
- Suspensions or the same profiles for the production of suspensions;
- Impact Drill, it is desirable to punch;
- screwdriver and drill size dowel;
- hand hacksaw or jigsaw;
- Roulette, square, builder's level, a plumb line, the water level;
- pencil or marker special building;
- Paint cord.
Abundance tools do not need to be afraid - on the contrary, it is advisable to cook it more than necessary.That hammer is not specified in the list - but he's needed?Needed!Better just to have on hand, what then, leaning GCR to the frame, standing in thought: whom to send to the basement for a Phillips head screwdriver?
also not included in the list of tools and materials needed for finishing - that is, finishing putty, and others like her.It all then will perform a separate program.
Personal SPR device ceiling
If the head does not fit the entire sequence, first look at the network video and photo milestones, and then read again nizheprilagayuschuyusya instructions, and take out the main points on a separate sheet of paper.You can then laminate it and pass from generation to generation.Did not you have one in your life will be in the living room ceiling drywall!
means necessary to decide with whom you will work.One with his hands to do the work normally can not afford, because one data sheet of drywall has a specific weight of from 12 to 22 kg, and keep it aloft with one hand (and one tie) is simply unrealistic.
now proceed directly to the PCF.What it is?It -
project of works
- note the zero on the walls, which take paint cord.Take, chalk or other smear colored powder (can be carbon, and then the fun will scour the walls).In the corners vymeryat dots that are formed when strictly horizontal plane.We screwed into the tapping point, and they stretch the stained cord.Pulled the cord, slammed him against the wall - have strict horizontal line.Backlog from the ceiling - on the project, depending on how many drywall will be removed from the ceiling.
need to work with the water level to be exact vymeryat horizontal.For large areas is better to take a laser level.Celebrate should be strictly on the basis of the line is arranged, which is mounted on the ceilings of plasterboard for the living room.Incorrect markup = curve ceiling.
- suspension system also need to pay close attention.The whole structure must be calculated so that on one square meter had 15-17 kg facing.Toward the bottom hangers must be mounted securely as possible.Withstand a certain distance, focusing on the design of the finish guide.
- Along the perimeter of the guide profile is fixed at an interval between the individual fasteners 40-60 cm .Obey conformity marking, applied through the lower part of the profile.After fastening the elements is carried out by counting the main support section.
distance between the guide 125 cm - this is just half the length of a standard GCR.Then the main profiles will go to the center of the sheet and on its edges.By marking on the anchor, the wedge attached to each hanger step 40 cm .
All sheets must match each other with play, that is - a gap that needs to fill with a mixture of Termination.Subsequently, these gaps will ensure the thermal expansion of the ceiling.If you do not provide the gaps, with increasing humidity or temperature rises in the living room ceiling plasterboard will puchitsya.With the ideal surface will be easy after a couple of months.
- in the opening frame gradually inserted one by one guiding profiles.Before the walls of the ends of each of these elements should not go!This is also for the thermal expansion, as in the case of a floating floor covering, when the walls are left gaps process.After that, each guide is attached with screws to the suspension.
- After installing long rails (longitudinal or transverse, as you choose) made short carcass reinforcement elements, perpendicular to the studs.Step - about 50-60 cm, it is enough to give the frame sufficient rigidity.
- How vymeryat GCR and cutting - do not need to tell.The usual construction of this knife can carve out a pliable material Notre mother.At the bell tower Kvazimodo.A can do vaulted ceilings.
- Sheathing also mounted on a "floating floor", with the indispensable reserve the walls on thermal expansion and other possible deformations.Attach sheets preferably staggered screws, step to comply with 20 cm head fasteners utaplivat depth of 1-2 mm.Again, between each of the individual sheets leave a gap of 3 mm!
- seams shpatljujut draft, after which construction is allowed to dry.After drying putty joints zashlifovyvayut using sandpaper or a mechanized way.
- Final surface finish - it's all another story, another outage.Why not talk about it now?Because there -
Those who are on the same plane does not calm down - excellent recommendations how to mount ceiling for the living room of plasterboard with two or more levels: (See. How to make a two-level ceiling)
- from finishedMeasure out the height of the surface of the subsequent level.If the geometry is complex - on the finished surface of the paint the right picture - the stars, crescents, or any geometric figure.
- The first level attach a drawing major bearing profiles.It is desirable (even mandatory) fasten them so as to grip the attachment points ribs in the first layer.That is, the main profiles is not fixed to the GCR, and through a long metal screws - to the previous frame.
you through the rows of hats screws successfully able to determine the location of the frame.No need to tear off yesterday fixed the ceiling in search of adventure, this will increase the price of your repair about half.Once you have broken all the sheets.
- for straight sections of the second level there is no need to bend the profiles, but on the radius design elements necessary to prepare in advance.How to bend profile - see the instructions for craft paper, primary school, the first-second grade.Carved on one side alyumoprofilya segments, then ideally all bend.
- Mount suspensions, also in drawing, attached to the main profiles.Dimensions - in your hands!
- suspensions fastened to rails first perimeter, then the entire plane.
- Mount ribs on similar technology.
- Scrollsaw or cut with a knife the necessary blank sheets of drywall.For curved structures - Find GCR bending technology, it is simple enough.
- Fasten sheets of the second tier, keeping all the above rules.
- recurring transactions for subsequent tiers - and so can you to the floor.
When installing all the structures, single or multi-tier, do not forget that the ceiling can be located chandeliers and other hanging or recessed lighting and other lighting fixtures.(See. Ceiling soffits) Wiring lay inside the frame even before thinking of attaching the plate.
The same applies to other utilities - low-voltage systems, cables, air ducts, fire alarm systems, video monitoring and control devices, satellite red button in the alarm suitcase.
After the final installation of all structures at all tiers, before finishing, let the ceiling "to stand" for a few days.Construction pick humidity, "adapt" to the temperature regime, "droop."Then you can start finishing putty, painting, pasting, and other facing the event.
Just on our website you can learn about how to make paintings on the ceilings of plasterboard.