Many installed at home stretch ceilings, while others only think about it.Coverage of this design can significantly affect the design of the entire building.
a suspended ceiling, kitchen fixtures can reduce the visual volume of the room, and can make a large and vice versa.Therefore, prior to installing such a structure should be to choose the right lighting.Because after installation to do it will be too late.
requirements for temperature
When installing lighting should take into account some of the nuances.
- Using the fixture, which is heated over 60 degrees, problems may arise, the film may be deformed.To avoid these problems, it is necessary to fix lighting fixtures with high power and not the temperature of the point of contact with candles, the film should not exceed 35 watts.
- If you are installing a lighting fixture, which has a large base and removed from the plane of the ceiling, then the constraint can not perform
usually installed spotlights.(See. How to create a luminous ceiling) They fall into two categories: overhead and locks.Which have their advantages and disadvantages.
used for lighting and one other, each owner makes the choice himself.But before that you should know about them as much as possible.
Mortise lamps point
When sidebar lamp in any case is the destruction of the plane of the ceiling coverings.
- To avoid breaking the material used in the installation of a plastic ring which is glued on a path cut through the holes.Its size varies 4-5 mm .
- If the ring fits the inner diameter of the installed lighting fixture, while the installation and further exploitation of the owner there is no problem;
- Generally all lamps meet this standard.The exception is not the overall and heavy.But they can withstand only powerful enough construction.
Such non-marker lamps shall be classified in levels of installation:
- level above those that go deep into the surface of the ceiling and gives the impression that the plane of the ceiling itself emits light.It looks pretty impressive, but this design has two drawbacks, and quite substantial.
lamp is not fully utilized (the main part of its recess in the ceiling surface), as a result, significantly reduced efficiency.
When installing lamps of this type, there is no normal access to air his body between the base assembly ceilings, this occurs as a result of its strong heating.This truth can be avoided, use LED lamps and saving.This helps to avoid overheating of the cloth.
- at ceiling level.In this embodiment, the efficiency level is significantly increased, compared with the previous model.But there are drawbacks.In such a construction is rather limited wattage, and this limit is 35W .These lamps can not always be powered on 220W .To address this shortcoming should be installed transformer.
installing a transformer for stretch ceiling, we can assume that you will be buried until he simply did not have access.When you exit the unit fails, it will be impossible to replace without partial removal of a false ceiling.As you can see, it is better to use in the design of lighting fixtures, which are designed for 220 W .Such products in the retail trade there is a large number.
- luminaires that are installed below the ceiling.This design has the highest light scattering.The devices can be equipped and halogen lamps;
- lamps overhead.Such lamps are used, too, and are mounted on a suspended or stretch ceilings.In these lighting fixtures can be used any type of lamp.
- stretch ceiling with the effect of a starry sky, he, too, is attributed to certain types of lighting.The effect is achieved by setting optovoloknistoy thread, thus there is a chaotic flicker.Threads can be mounted in the bottom of the ceiling above the ceiling.Just set additional crystal lenses, which enhance the effect.
We reviewed the types of fixtures that are used for the equipment of the suspended ceiling.We must now determine the lamps, which can be used for lighting.
This element is often used for lighting in daily life.
- This lamp has a frosted glass and evenly disperses the light, is not heated.This design has a fairly large resource exploitation, which is about 1000 hours .It looks like this, with the lights on about three hours a day, the element should be changed every three years.Now on sale, there are more economical incandescent bulbs, but the price is higher.
- But this element has a disadvantage is the size.It has a long base and therefore the cartridge is used for mounting, too large.As a result, when installing a suspended ceiling should increase the distance between the ground and the suspended ceiling.In some situations, an increase in the gap is performed by a recess in the base of the ceiling, it is done using the perforator and cutter.But this is resorted to only in extreme cases.
They are superior in some respects previous .
- are smaller and brighter lighting.Spiral filament for a halogen placed in a special medium with an inert gas.
- These elements have a very large range in the retail trade.Great popularity began to use a lamp with a reflector cone.They are quite compact, combined with a lamp, it does not give to penetrate moisture and dust.This design gives a lot of light.
should be given to the replacement of such items.The package must be in a special glove with which to replace the element.If such a thing is not in the package, the replacement should be used napkin.
on the skin can be fat, which releases the body of any person, and it can remain on the surface of the quartz glass.It should not be tolerated.As a result, the quartz glass can crystallize and then ellement will fail.
On sale is a large amount of such a product, service life is 2-4 thous. Hours .This design is not a big base (about 5-6 cm) , that has little effect on the distance from the ceiling mount cover, and it is very convenient for the low room.
light that LED lamps emit is uninterrupted.This is achieved using a DC transformer that is integrated into the structure.After the transformer current is passed through the LED panel and there is continual glow.
- LED lamp is superior in all respects those that were listed earlier.A simple example, if the lamp will be connected to the network and does not turn off, it will be the life of five years.And saves power consumption will be twice larger than compared with a halogen and incandescent lamp exceeds five times.
- The elements of this type of socket can be different, but in all the structures it does not exceed 6 sm.Lampy be 12-220 watts.They can be installed in conjunction with a transformer, which may cause unnecessary problems.Therefore, it should not do.
Hanging chandeliers and lamps
Some used these designs when installing suspended ceilings.This luminaire can decorate any room.Lamps and chandeliers is quite easy to install.As a rule, suspended lighting fixture supplied, which serves as a hook for the installation.However, in this embodiment, should pay attention to some nuances:
- should verify that the holes in the fabric and the hook in the ceiling.Gaugeable to the size of the fasteners on the chandelier enough to install a stretch ceiling together;
- It should be remembered that the chandelier can be attached and by means of fastening straps, which should be a tightly secured to the base ceiling;
- making cutout holes in the canvas ceiling, it should be noted that its size should be slightly smaller than in the glass, which is attached to an overhead light fixture;
- stretch ceiling from the lamp must always share ceiling.
requirements for installation of lighting
Any installation of all the above lighting devices should be carried out according to certain rules.This will ensure the safety of his person and premises.
All work on covering the ceiling are carried out according to SP 32-110-2003 , and equal to the installation of hidden wiring.Performed according to the rules that meet fire safety.
- wiring and wiring must meet NPB-246 .Shall apply wires marked NG-LS , which is characterized by low smoke and gas emission;
- All pipes and boxes, which are used to conduct wiring must be qualitatively attached to the walls and ceiling;
- Do not leave wiring elements, which are available on the profile.All connections should be well insulated;All
- twisting and connecting wires, not permissible to perform without raspaechnyh boxes;
Warning: Carefully choose wire size.Which, for safety should have a copper core.And do not try to trim the cable "in the butt", should leave a gap for the load of about 15 percent.
- When installing a suspended ceiling in rooms that have high humidity, use a wire with double insulation;
- to make the connection using solder or special terminals;
- for mounting 12-volt system is recommended to use wire with a brand NYM or VVGng.When you select a section Calculate the load;
- When using lighting 220 W is used to protect cables corrugated pipe PVC
Earlier we talked about the lighting devices, which are used when installing a suspended ceiling.Listen to them.All thoroughly and accurately perform.All connections are made correctly, the use of quality materials.
If anything fails, even the smallest failure, it will require, at best, dismantling the structure.(Refer to. Removing the ceiling) It costs extra, so do everything for themselves.