in any room apartment owners pay special attention to.Events, meetings with friends, birthday parties being held in the hall.Because
for the room ceiling design is paramount.No expensive furniture and carpets will not help if the ceiling is bad.
Modern materials can hide the old ceiling and in a short time to establish a new one.False ceilings in the hall of plasterboard is well suited for this purpose.
He has a number of positive qualities:
- good heat and sound insulator
- Environmentally friendly
- Easy to work
And most importantly, the quality of such ceilings -they can do with their hands.
to the living room ceiling design is of paramount importance (sm.Dizayn ceilings in the living room - professional advice).
order for plasterboard in the hall looked spectacular, there are three options:
- Order project in the ceiling design studio.
- pick up the finished project on the Internet.
- Make yourself project.
After the throes of creation are overcome and the project ceiling is chosen, it should proceed with its implementation.
ceiling ceiling in the hall of plasterboard should be selected multi-level, because a single-level looks too easy.Draft ceiling (drawing) must perform to scale on paper.Without drawing
impossible to calculate the necessary amount of material (the lines leading from the ceiling plasterboard - for which it is necessary).Since it is assumed that the plasterboard for the hall is a multi-level, the figure will be seen the location of fasteners of all levels and sheets of drywall.
- In developing the project should be placed in the drawing sheets of drywall "vrazbezhku."That is, they should be placed with an offset to each other
- If there is a large drawing paper, drawing a ceiling can be done on a sheet of drywall.Make sure the drawing.
- Before designing the ceiling, remove all the dimensions of the room and check for squareness.For this purpose it is necessary to measure the diagonal.
They should be equal.If the diagonals are not equal, we remember the geometry of the Grade 8 middle school and build the room rectangle with sides 3.4 and 5 meters.
How does it look like?
After making the drawing the question arises: how it will look like?Go to "batten down" head or draw on the ceiling, not an easy.
to determine the design of the ceiling and the basic dimensions of its parts, design the ceiling to the floor in a 1: 1 scale.In this case, you can always see a mistake in calculation or in the design.
To calculate the materials should make the table is about the form:
|Material name||Units||number||Number of packages||Price per unit||Total|
|Profile carrying PP 60/27||rm|
|extender PP profiles 60h27||pieces.|
|connector profiles||duplex units.|
|hanger with clip for the profile PP 60/27||pieces.|
|Screws for metal (bugs)||pieces.|
|Screws 25mm long for GCR||pieces.|
|serpyanka adhesive tape seams,||PM|
|Putty for joints||kg.|
In order to be able to make a correct calculation of the amount of material they need to know the rate of flow (sm.Raschet ceiling plasterboard- competently and correctly).Fill in the table, we will see how many there are ceilings with drywall in the hall.
Tips: To quickly verify the correctness of their own calculations, you should consult the website of construction companies, which make plasterboard ceilings.The site has a counter flow of materials.
must substitute your own values and make the payment online.
for drywall ceiling must have the following tools:
- Roulette 5m;
- level or water bubble;
- drill or a hammer;
- Elbow metal;
- hacksaw with fine teeth;
- thread fender paint;
- Planer knife or drywall;
- Lesko color;
- spatulas of various widths;
- Scissors on metal;
- sanding block.
Pro Tips: For the installation of gypsum boards can be used an electric drill, but only with speed regulator
In order not to look like "dummies" in the store construction materials should be familiar with fasteners.For the production of multi-level ceiling, the following elements.
It is a rectangular plate with a number of holes for fixing profiles PP 60/27. suspension is attached to a wooden ceiling with wood screws 50mm long .
to concrete ceilings such suspension is mounted with dowels.Two dowels on one hanger.
- Profile PP 60/27 (CD-profile)
to this profile is fastened plasterboard using self-tapping screws.
- Profile guide PPN28h27 (UD-profile)
This profile is attached to the wall around the perimeter of the room horizontally and is used for mounting the frame ceiling.
- connector profiles single-level (Crab)
This element serves to connect the profiles PP 60/27 between them.
Tip: sometimes in remote places, "craftsmen" rather than give the crab pieces Profile PPN28h27
- duplex connector profiles
This connector is used to create a new level.
- suspension profiles P60h27 spring
This suspension is used when the height of the connector is not enough two-level profiles.
- Anchor suspension
Anchor pendants with an eye on the end come in different sizes in length.They are attached to the ceiling with dowels or screws.
- Anchor dowels (w / w ceiling)
Such anchors are used for fixing structural elements to a ceiling of reinforced concrete panels.
- Extension profiles P 60h27
If there is no profile length P60h27 use this extender.
- Screw for GFC 3,5 × 25
self-tapping screws 25 mm for fixing plasterboard sheets.
- metal screw 3,5 × 9 (bugs)
these self-tapping screws are mounted all metal parts of the carcass ceiling.
Thanks to "skirt" self-tapping screws do not break through the drywall.The application allows you to draw a bit of drywall to the frame.
If the ceiling plasterboard tiered hall, the ceiling must be done markup so that you can see the installation location of all suspensions. markings shall be conducted in accordance with the drawings.
for multilevel ceilings breakdown for profiles PP 60/27 should be done through a 400 mm instead of 600 mm across.This is due to the fact that the frame of the second level must be fixed to the first frame.
If the distance between profiles is 600 mm, attach the profile of the second level will not need it.If the plasterboard ceiling for the hall have complex curved shapes to the frame of the first level placed additional profile.
This is done to improve the rigidity.
Mounting ceiling step by step
- Removing the geometric dimensions of a room and transfer them strictly to scale on paper.Not to be mistaken with the transfer, and also measure the diagonal.
- With water or bubble level on the walls of the room are laid horizontal lines the bottom of the first level of the ceiling. used for this coloring cord.
work twice.One man to stand in the corner of the room, and the other "draws" a mark on all the walls.
Thereafter coloring cord beat off a horizontal line at a distance of not less than 100 mm from the ceiling.
Tips: Make sure that the level in the water in the hose is not air bubbles.
- First look for the geometric center of the room.It is located at the intersection of diagonals.Coloring cord repel diagonal ceiling.
- are looking for in the middle of the short wall and stretch the cord between them.He must pass through the center of the room.
If there is a deviation from the center, slip the cord in the desired direction parallel to one of the long walls.Slugger H1H2 main line along the length of the room.
- Likewise repel the line on the long walls.This is the line width of the room V1V2.
- From the center of the room and note segments Oh1 Oh2, and make a small indentation on the wall for convenience.
- the diagonal OD1, OD2, OD3, OD4 postpone equal segments Od1, Od2, Od3, Od4. connects them with straight lines and have a rectangle with right angles.
Divide the square into a grid 600h600mm or grid with a distance of 400mm between the carrier profiles.Check the squareness using triangle with sides 3, 4, 5 meters.
- coated paper hanger attachment points of the first and second level and transfer them to the ceiling.
ceiling in the hall of plasterboard begins with the markup.
- After marking ceiling hangers fastened to reinforced concreteor wooden ceilings.Hammer drill holes with a diameter of 6 mm.
They inserted dowel.The wooden ceiling hangers fastened with screws for wood.
The eyelet of the anchor is inserted into the suspension of the second level metal dowel, which is driven with a hammer in the overlap.Suspensions of the first level are fixed as well.
- Align hangers first and second level do gidrourovnya. To do this at the extremes make a mark and pull between the two thick nylon fishing line.
difference is that in the first level immediately align the carrier profile, and on the second level are aligned anchor anchor hangers and then inserted into the carrier profile.
- necessary to try to establish the carrier profile so that the splice profiles were vrazbezhku
- Besides fishing line, you must have a bubble level for a length of 2-3 meters control.
- ceiling for the hall of plasterboard requires precision installation frame members
Pairing the frame with the wall
to stiffen the whole structure bearing the profile of the carcass PP 60/27 (CD-profile) is inserted into the guide profile PPN 28h27 (UD-profile) and screw the self-tapping screws for metal 3,5 × 9mm (bugs).
To make the beauty and elegance of the ceiling, designers often use curvilinear forms.To give a frame shape curves using different profile.
They simply make an incision into small pieces and make of them flowing lines.To do this, use the "grinder" with a circle of metal or tin snips.
To sheathe curvilinear forms frame ceiling plasterboard incised on the opposite side, and a little "throw up."Such sectors GCR mounted self-tapping screws 3,5h25mm .
Each ceiling provides a certain number of spotlights.The layout of the electrical wires should run in metal in one piece.
no twists wires is not allowed.Everything must be done safely.Ends
metal hoses to be attached to the ceiling frame.This is done in order to be able, if necessary, change elektroporovodku.
radius of curvature of hose should be smooth, without creases.
The diagram shows the approximate location of the fixtures in the ceiling frame.
Preparing to finish
After installation work plasterboard ceilings in the hall require caulking .To do this, primed GCR applied self-adhesive mesh serpyanku.
photo, video files to help sort out all the details.
If the sheets GCR agreed butt cutting parties, joints are cut at an angle to deepen the gap.After cutting the sheets joints soils, sediments and net serpyanku shpaklyuyut.
seams shpaklyuyut special structures for joints. They harden quickly, so do not cook a lot of filler.
After the putty seams sanded flush with the sheets GCR.
For the correct calculation of materials or installation of the ceiling should be borne in mind:
- mesh size of the ceiling can be 600 * 600mm or 400mm
- plasterboard step fasteningscrews 250mm
- On one suspension is necessary for 2 dowels and 2 screws wood
- On one "crab" should 8 self-tapping screws
- After the spackling and sanding seams sheets GCR ready for painting
- sheets GCRgrout can plaster on the basis of plaster