Today, many city dwellers seeking a little to increase the living space of the apartments, attached to the rooms are facing loggias and balconies.Thus it is necessary to think through the ceiling insulation loggia, its floor and walls to prevent heat loss during the cold season.About how to properly insulate the ceiling and what materials are used for this purpose, and this article will tell.
insulated loggia only makes sense if you plan on its quality glazing.It does not matter, it will be attached to the flat or to remain isolated.
Warming without connection will create in this small room a comfortable temperature, even if there is no heating in the form of batteries or made of "warm floor".This will significantly reduce heat losses.
Typically, glazed balcony or loggia is made before the start of work on their insulation.Ordering glazing, you need to think in advance what and how to insulate the ceiling on the balcony to
If you do glazing on the parapet to the concrete slab, the thickness of the glass frame will not allow you to decorate and qualitatively insulate the ceiling, to the same window, in this case it is simply impossible to open.
So you will either have to fix yourself on the ceiling at the level of installing double glazing wooden beam of sufficient thickness, or stipulate that moment with the firm-installer.
To ensure good insulation ceiling zapente it all the cracks and joints of the walls.After drying the foam neatly cut off its excess.
To protect yourself from the appearance of mold or mildew on the ceiling, before starting work the ceiling surface should be thoroughly cleaned and treat with copper sulfate or other antifungal agent.
Preparation of materials and tools
for insulation of ceilings choose lightweight insulation materials - foam, penofol polystyrene, izolon and so on. N. The thickness of the material and the number of layers depends on the region of residence and minimum temperature in the winter.
In addition to the heater you definitely need foam, special plugs, molds and long dowel-nails, screws with a broad hat, plating tape, as well as the wooden slats or bars for fixing the insulation and create a lathing for the installation of decorative coatings.
Attention!Often, instead of wooden beams with insulation balconies use metal hangers and profiles.They are more convenient to work, but because the metal has a high thermal conductivity, any metal parts will play the role of "cold bridges", and the insulation of the ceiling on the balcony will not be as effective.
As for the tools you need to prepare:
- Hammer with brown;
- drill with paddle;
- Building a knife;
- Building levels;
- Tape measure and pencil;
- Building gun foam;
Ways of warming the ceiling can be very different, and their choice depends on the desired degree of insulation and the design of the insulated room: a loggia there is a capital side walls or a balcony without them.
In addition, matters whether the insulated balcony one floor above.And if you live on the top floor and above your balcony absolutely no overlap, it is necessary to solve much more complex task.
Consider the standard version with two layers of insulation and the device air cushion between the insulation and decorated ceiling.
insulation to the ceiling balcony was as effective as possible, it is necessary to provide good insulation boards separate dock with each other.It is best suited for this purpose Penoplex boards, on the edges of which are made by connecting the quarter.
However, when using a conventional foam such a quarter, you can choose yourself if the material has a sufficient thickness.To do this, first at the end of the plate (at the middle), and then on the front side of the building is cut with a knife, and then cut the strip is simply removed.
can do otherwise: the use of thinner insulation boards, but lay them in two layers with an obligatory bias seams.
So, you have chosen the material for thermal insulation of the ceiling, as it is secure? Experts recommend two options.
- Bonding with foam or special glue .Foam or glue applied to the insulating panels, after which it is pressed against the slab.
Important!If you decide to use this method, choose the assembly foam carefully: it must be free of substances that deplete the insulation material.
- Fastening special dowels , umbrella-shaped, which is a plastic sleeve with a big hat, and also plastic or metal rod.Dowel holes drilled in the ceiling through a plate attached to it, its depth must exceed the length of the dowel at least 5 mm.Dyubel inserted into the prepared hole and tamp with a hammer until it is diaphragm squeeze head is a thermal insulator to the ceiling.Then you need to finally fix the anchor, scoring his rod.
reference.In practice, often use both at the same time - not least because it is much easier to work with plugs when the stove is not necessary to keep on weight.This is true for those who are going to make repairs alone.
Penoplex each plate is fixed at five points - the corners and in the center.Next plate tightly to the previous one and is mounted similarly.It is important to remember that joints of adjacent rows of insulation should not coincide.If
plate must be cut to size, you just need to firmly hold a knife to make a layout, and then turn the notch plate.
After installation work all the joints need to zapenit and cut off excess foam after it dries.
Attention!Polyurethane foam is very poorly washed hands and especially with the hair!To avoid unscheduled haircut, always wear a hat and gloves when working with the foam on the ceiling.
second layer of insulation should not only enhance the effect, but also serve to couple the warm air did not penetrate the room to contact the concrete ceiling and the first layer of insulating material.
as a vapor barrier is best not to use plastic wrap and foil izolon or penofol.These materials are sold in rolls of varying widths.
When attaching them to the ceiling, follow these guidelines:
- Pay attention to the following point: if you do the ceiling insulation on the balcony, it certainly will not do the attention and the wall.To avoid joints in the corners between the ceiling and the wall, cut off penofol such a length that it overlaps the corner and hung on the wall at least on 20-30 cm.
- Attach roll thermal insulator to the plates with screws with a broad hat, trying to prevent them from turning.
- Install penofol or izolon foil party indoors.
- Installation is butt, avoiding overlaps.
- After installation, seal all joints with duct tape metallized.
Crate serve you for finishing the ceiling, and will create an air gap between it and the layers of insulation.For it is better to use the device well-dried pieces of wood section 20-40 mm .
- sawed bars across the width of the balcony.Their number should be such that enough steps to install 50-60 cm .
- Using a long level, determine the lowest point on the ceiling and fix it first bar, using hammer and nails long dowel.
- At that point expose the rest of the level bars crates by placing near the site of attachment mounting wedges.
- frame will be coated with PVC panels, moisture resistant plasterboard or other finishing material, do not forget before this prokinut wire for lighting fixtures.