If you have already decided that the ceiling will be tension, you are on the right track.
advantages of this type of ceiling coatings difficult to exaggerate:
- durability of more than 10 years without repair and the loss of appearance.
- A wide range of colors and textures, can solve any design problem.On the surface of the web can be applied to any image of your choice.
- Ability to install built-in appliances and overhead lighting, as well as various kinds of highlights (including optical fiber) does not limit your choice of lighting devices.
- Using acoustic film can significantly reduce the noise in the room.
- Application multilevel curvilinear designs and allows you to create an original design and divide the room into zones.
- This is the only kind of ceiling coverings, which protect your room in the event of leakage from above.
- Ecological purity of the materials used at the highest level.
- care coverage is minimal (a few times a year the film is rubbed with a damp cloth with a detergent).
Surface preparation for suspended ceilings - is a particular set of works, which are not difficult to perform with his own hands.
Preparatory work on the ceiling
finished surface of the ceiling
For mounting tension ceiling is not important, what kind of a base.But in order to avoid problems in the future, you must know how to prepare the ceiling Stretch Ceilings:
- Clean the surface from dust and dirt, grease (in the kitchen) and flaking plaster or putty.
Note: If during the operation on the film on top of that - or fall, it will be very noticeable and there is a need to call experts for partial dismantling of the film.It is not difficult, but take your time and money.
- joints between the concrete panels overlap in the new house construction glue bandage better with PVA.
Note.Building of new construction over time shrink.For covering you can not control the appearance of cracks and delamination of the solution in the joints.It is better to take action
zaranee.Tsena issue is minimal, and the result is guaranteed.
- available slots should be repaired with sealant (silicone or acrylic, there is no difference, it will not have to be painted).Large cracks can be filled with construction foam.All this is done in order to avoid the movement of air over the web, otherwise it will shake from drafts.
- If there are traces of the fungus ceiling, they should be removed, as these locations to process antiseptic compounds (sm.Gribok ceiling - the emergence and solutions).
Council.The fungus can be formed as a result of moisture from the outside.If so, you need to take measures to eliminate the causes of dampness.
- floor surface should be covered with soil, deep penetration, better in two layers, with intermediate drying for about 4 - 6 hours.
If you do not plan to line the walls, the place of installation of the wall profile still advisable to check their plane and, if necessary, to align the filler. At the junction of the ceiling and walls of all the irregularities will be very noticeable.
Preparation ceilings for suspended ceilings includes a whole range of marking work.
assume that you have already decided so, what will be a ceiling on the form.Do you know how many levels of what kind and at what height is planned.Where will be installed lighting fixtures and their parameters.
In other words, you have a project (or at least figure) .mozhno proceed to markup.
- With water (laser) level at the height of your eyes (as most convenient) we put a mark on the corners of the room.
- connect them, get the "Basic" line around the perimeter of the room.
Council.Get directly between two points is easiest with the help of a cord construction.Reel to it is in the case in which the dry toner is poured ("blue", chalk, depending on the desired color).Gently unwound the cord and pull between two points (requires two people).Pulling the cord from the wall and let go, get on the surface trace of the dye, which connects in a straight line two points
- Measure the distance from the ceiling to the line in several places and find the lowest pointexisting ceiling.
- departing from this point of project length, obtained a mark of the upper tier of a stretch ceiling.
- Postponing the height difference (step) receive the mark of the lower tier.
- Measure the distance between the marks to the "basic" line and transferred to the corners of the room.
- connects the dots between them.The result - two straight lines parallel to the "base".
Expert Advice: The third and subsequent levels are marked similarly.
- on the ceiling of the drawing is transferred from the location of lighting fixtures (chandeliers) and the border between the tiers (multi-level ceiling).
circles or parts thereof can be drawn as follows:
- The location of the center of the drilled hole and hammer in PVC plug, which is screwed into the screw.
- At the ends of thin wire making two loops.Its length is equal to the radius of the circle.
Note.The thread or fishing line does not fit, they are stretched, and the circle even fail.
- One loop put on the screw
- in others - insert a pencil and features.
smooth curves is performed using a flexible thin elastic rail long enough.She put the check points (pre-mark their project) and the outline with a pencil.
Determination finding flush
Preparing to install a stretch ceiling installers will be evaluated as "excellent", if you specify them, where the walls and ceiling are provoda.Eto help avoid annoying delays - forDamage flush mounting in profiles (often drilled holes).
safest to use special devices - detectors to search for wires and metal .They are quite expensive, but you can ask friends or rent.
If this is not possible, pay attention to the location of the switches, sockets and junction boxes.Usually (unfortunately not always) wiring extends vertically and horizontally.
Install installation sites for lighting
For spotlights need to make (or buy ready-made) sheet metal ring with a hole diameter equal to the size of the landing light, and a minimum width of 15 mm.
They need to fix the height of the film in the locations of the lights.
it is convenient to use the direct suspension bracket used for drywall konstruktsiy.Dlya overhead lights set specially made mounting pads of plywood.
Chandeliers If you plan to hook, the latter must be located above the level of the film 2 sm.Provodku to fixtures and chandeliers perform sufficient wire cross-section.It depends on the capacity and type of lamp wires can find information on the Internet.
Perform wiring should be using corrugated pipe, and leave lights on the free ends of 20 cm below the level of plenki.Zhelatelno test the functionality of the electrical wiring.
If you plan to light via fiber optics, preparation of a ceiling suspended ceiling complicated. light generator such systems are usually installed outside the ceiling void, and fiber-optic light guides (thread) should be placed in a certain way in the plane of the web.
To mount this extra plane from plastic or plywood with holes in the right places, and through which the fiber passes.
Features drywall constructions combined ceilings
If you plan to mix gypsum ceilings (see: How do are combined ceilings), manufacturing niches under the eaves for curtains and blinds and part of the walls (walls) is made of gypsum board, the preparation for the installation of stretchceilings is that for gypsum board should be mounted horizontally with the center of the profile (height) by 2.5 cm above the level of tension of the web.To him will be attached wall prints.
Installation frame multilevel constructions of suspended ceilings
Usually such frames bought with tension ceilings, but you can make them "on the spot" with their own hands.
Here's one way:
- Stepping back from the line of "steps" a distance equal to the width of the bump stop (check with the size of the company - the installer of your ceiling) plus 6 - 8mm paint on the ceiling line parallel to "step";
- Along resulting markup, perpendicular to it, secure seating area (reinforced with ribs).Install they must often, about 100 mm;
- to the corners tighten countersunk screws strip of plywood thickness 3 - 4 mm;
Council.Thicker plywood does not make sense to use, and bend it more difficult.
- second layer of plywood covered with white glue and screws fasten the first 2.5 * 8 (10) mm offset joints;
- After drying, the adhesive got a pretty solid frame for fixing profiles (separator and bump stop).
heat and sound insulation
Preparing the ceiling under the ceilings may include (if necessary) the installation of insulation (or insulation).
It is best to use mineral (basalt) cotton sheets, which are fixed to a concrete base by means of plastic dowels - zontikov.Plenka PVC stretch ceiling acts as a vapor barrier.If you are using an acoustic
(perforated) or fabric cover, it is necessary to install a vapor barrier further, as these coating vapor permeability.Preparing to install suspended ceilings complete.
remains fix profiles and pull polotno.Podgotovka for tension ceiling takes more time than the assembly of it, but if it is neglected, the negative consequences will not keep you waiting.