Aluminum suspended ceilings, first imported by us from Europe, the market of building materials have become a novelty in the early nineties.Incredibly light and aesthetic design, which is attached to the rack components for the ceiling, as well as assembly instructions, just could not leave our citizens indifferent.
cost of such a set, at the time, was pretty solid, and initially installing a ceiling rack is used only as a variant design office.But, thanks to its practicality and ease of installation, these designs have moved in the interior premises.
types and properties of aluminum ceilings
Rack-mounted ceiling can be attributed to the category of such structures, which are installed once and are used throughout the life of the building.Such long service life, and, regardless of the humidity and temperature, is possible only because of the natural properties of corrosion-resistant aluminum.So
- Such suspension structures have their owncharacteristics and varieties, and stacking rack ceiling can be done in different ways. the course of the article, we give relevant examples, and tell you how to make aluminum ceiling.
- The name of this design was due to the configuration of decorative elements, which are lengthy rail.While there are, of course, aluminum ceilings, which are collected from a square modules called cartridges.
- shape and size of suspended elements, kind of tool joints affects the layout of the frame.Structure strip ceilings, depending on the type of suspension system may be open and closed.
- gated ceiling rack is a continuous surface where panels are installed close to each other.This method of installation creates a certain monotony, and to rid the ceiling of this feeling, Reiki is often arranged in a different direction.
similar technique used by master sheathing ceiling paneling.
- If the installation direction of the panels does not change, you can use the rack with contrasting piping around the edges, or two or three different kinds of elements, but well together, shades.
- Not all manufacturers, for example, the German company «Agger», released ceilings of various designs.They often specialize in just one of them.
For example, the ceiling rack "omega" is only closed.But the design, thus, can be represented in a rather wide range.
- In some embodiments, the design of aluminum ceilings, rack so thin that looks more like a ribbon.Weight rack ceiling, in this case, due to the decorative surface practically does not increase.
Moreover, the thin flexible strip allows the creation of various types of suspended ceilings, having a complex configuration.
- In the photo at the beginning of this article, you can see a kind of second rack designs - is an open ceiling.Decorative elements, in this case, is mounted with a slight clearance.
gaps between panels can be closed later specifically provided for inserts, or remain open.
- have such a structure has certain advantages: open gaps contribute to good ventilation, and allow to set in the inner space conditioning equipment.
- It is very important for public buildings where there is a large flow of people: shopping centers, restaurants, sports halls, railway stations.Design suspended ceilings in such cases it is the individual, and their structure is designed taking into account the size and configuration of a particular room.
- Even the slats may have an unusual shape.The standard rack has a U-shaped cross section with a width of about 10 cm and a maximum length of 6 m.
They are sold by the meter, slicing the customer segments of the desired size on special machines.
- addition of decorative elements, the kit includes a ceiling rack frame members and fasteners.Buy materials for strip ceilings complete much easier than looking for a particular shopping profile.In this case, all the elements are guaranteed to be docked.
about how to set the framework, how to cut, and how to strengthen the panel, we will talk about later.And now let's talk about which manufacturers of aluminum ceilings offer their products to us today, and what it has differences.
Overview leading manufacturers
Dutch company producing aluminum ceiling and facade systems Luxalon, it has established a strong niche in this area.In the Russian market products of this manufacturer appeared over twenty years ago.
As at the time, and now, the ceiling rack lyuksalon positioned solely as product premium.So
- Some manufacturers suspended ceilings offered as a set of plastic profile.Take, for domestic firms' Alkonplast "- the ceiling batten this producer entirely made of plastic.In Luxalon absolutely all frame elements as the panels are made of aluminum.
- trim profile ceiling systems of the manufacturer has a wider shelf, which is its distinguishing feature.This helps to avoid drilling extra holes in the wall, and hide flaws improper installation, made with his own hands.
- panels are brand lyuksalon enamel coating, and its widest color range includes not only the standard colors, but exclusive variations.The sets ceilings open type this manufacturer has inlays, you can use to come up with a design of your own.
- Due to the bent panel, called the involute, you can mount a two-level ceiling in waveform or arch.Gold or chrome plated curved ceiling panels gives an extra kick.
- The most popular design used Luxalon 84R panels with Italian design.This means that their edges have a rounded shape.
For example, German manufacturers of straight edge.This creates a completely different appearance of the ceiling surface, even if the size and color of the same rods.
- most often on domestic German production market represented by suspended ceilings Geipel.This is one of the world's leading manufacturers of aluminum ceilings, which operates in this area for over 35 years, and has many branches around the world, including in Russia.
- Ceilings Pinion geipel manufactured in strict accordance with European standards and for the exclusive development of the company.To produce aluminum tape strips used, the minimum thickness which is less than half a millimeter.
- front side panels can be polished, painted, perforated, mirror.On the back of suspended ceilings geipel covered by a special ground, protects the metal from oxidation.
- German technology works and the domestic company "Lyumsvet", which has long been known as a manufacturer of lamps and lighting fixtures, and now as a producer of aluminum ceilings.Ceiling rack Lyumsvet can be both closed and open-ended.
- Its distinguishing feature is powder-coated rails.Therefore, the ceilings of the manufacturer can be used not only indoors, but also to design the outdoor terrace or porch.
And, when you buy ceiling design, you will most likely be offered and rack ceiling lamps of the same brand.
- stable demand in the domestic market of construction materials are rack ceilings American presented by Ceiling Group. frame member from this manufacturer may be not only aluminum, but stainless steel or galvanized steel.
- Assortment list Ceiling Ceiling Group is quite large, it can be seen in the sale of more than 40 kinds of different colors.Among the design features American-made ceilings - not direct suspensions and spokes, which made mounting rails.
- Each type of roof rack system has its own idiosyncrasies, which may affect the mounting technology.Before collecting the ceiling rack, it is best to watch the video.
to the information that you view, was not abstract for you, when you search for a specific video, select the query name of a specific manufacturer.In this case, you will receive a recommendation on how to make yourself a certain ceiling design.
Assembly suspended ceilings
As we have said, to install suspended ceilings with their hands is possible, but for this you need further information.Although some of the differences that exist in the technology of installation of ceiling systems from different vendors, the installation frame and the order of work remains unchanged.So
instructions for installing rack ceiling, we give you in this part of the article will give you a general idea of the work performed.
elements rack and pinion system
consider in more detail what parts except the panels must be purchased before you raise the ceiling rack.Calculate the number of consultants will help you in the purchase, but you can do it yourself.So
- To determine the length of the chassis are made simple actions on the calculation of the perimeter of the room: it is summed length and width, and the result is multiplied by two.This formula is known to all of the school curriculum.
- way, cut into slats in the store should be so that their length is a multiple of the length of the room.Then the need for cutting pieces during assembly is minimized.
- Next, calculate the area of a single rack panels, as well as floor space.For this width multiply the length.Having two results, a larger share to get smaller and the number of rails required for facing the ceiling.
- Given the fact that the waste will still, to the resulting figure should be added 10-15% margin.On a certain number of strips each manufacturer has its own regulations on the number of mounts and profiles.
- Also panels and inserts, the set includes: U-shaped profile, wall corners, mini pendants and paste.Mounting rack ceiling is made with the help of elements that are different systems may have different names (traverses, comb, stringers, carrying tires).
On picture above you can see the look of these elements.To fix the frame members to the walls and the ceiling, using 25 mm screws and dowels, nails.
before doing a ceiling rack, you need to make preparations.With regard to the ceiling surface, the special care preparation as for painting, it is not required, but it all depends on the state of the ceiling and its previous finish.So
- You may have to dismantle the old decorative coating, or remove portions of plaster that are poorly kept.If you still get decent potholes, they need to align.
other difficulties arise when installing the frame.
- then need to clearly identify which utilities will be hidden in the interior of the ceiling.Depending on the purpose of the room in which the ceiling is set, it can be not only the wires leading to the lighting equipment, and a variety of cable channels, pipes, burglar and fire alarm system, air-conditioner, video surveillance.
- In any case, all the specialized construction works made before will be installed suspended ceiling.From that, what equipment will be installed, the surface of the suspension is determined by the distance from the base of the ceiling.
- recessed or pendant lights, as well as certain types of lamps, that they will be used, also affect the height of the ceiling space.
- shortest distance of 7-8 cm is required when installing LED lamps.For areas with insufficient ceiling height is ideal.
In other cases, the average distance between the ceiling surface is 12-15 cm.
- At this level, around the perimeter of the walls will be mounted U-shaped profiles.Attach them to the wall with screws, in increments of 60 cm.
is done by pre-layout, which is performed using the ink cord or a pencil.
- ceiling surface marking is performed in the form of a grid, with a pitch of 120 cm lengthwise and 30 cm across.At the points of intersection of the lines will drill holes for fasteners rack ceiling.
Namely, these points will be recorded mini suspensions.They will adjust the horizontal position of the outboard surface.
- If the ceiling is hung with a minimum offset from the base suspensions may not be necessary.Are attached to the suspension crosshead, and in the absence of suspensions and they were fixed directly to the ceiling.Suspensions, depending on the manufacturer, may have a different design.
- In spring suspensions for aligning the comb is necessary to tighten the spring.In systems that use hairpin pendants or needles, in order to adjust the position of the traverse moves clip.
There are hangers on the screws.In this case, the adjustment is made by their podvinchivaniya in the one or the other.
- If the length of the traverse is not enough, use another one.From it cut right piece, and mounted back to back to the previous.
in the joints of the stringers with bearing elements of the frame, in profile, with scissors, metal, cut segments of desired size, and the resulting tabs are folded up.
- Reiki mounted transversely to traverse.Typically, they are provided with snap-latch recesses intended to hold the panels.
- Installing rails made so that the first panel was whole, and clipped to the width of only the latter.For easy installation, the final panel, the distance between the wall and the last traverse must not exceed 25 cm.
- Last rail must be adjacent to the frame with a small gap (4-5 mm). This junction will be closed profile.Parietal area can be mounted after the first two are buckled panels.
ends of subsequent slats will simply wind up neatly under the area.
- typing in the search box: "Installing rack ceiling video", you'll find not only information on installing the ceiling, but also for installation on the surface of a variety of lighting fixtures and illuminations.This will help you cope with the electrical work yourself.
Location spotlights in the ceiling plane, calculated taking into account the size of the panels, for lighting should be symmetrical.To make the aluminum rail smooth opening round shape, used drill with paddle "crown."
lamp beforehand is inserted into the cut-out, and then mounted on the rail frame.