Dimensions suspended ceilings, as well as methods for their installation, you can create the design in an arbitrarily large room.The length of the rods, which can be purchased on the open market, usually does not exceed six meters.When
room dimensions are such that the standard length is not enough, the manufacturer can place your order for custom made.Exclusive performance is not only to increase the size of - rack ceiling often designed so that the length of the decorative elements do not have to build up.
Features suspended ceilings
ceiling rack is a suspension structure, based on a lengthy rectangular panel of metal: aluminum, galvanized steel, stainless steel - or plastic.They are called rails.
Hence the name: rack ceiling - the size and configuration of its elements may be different.It depends on the manufacturer and type of construction.So
- The average width of the strips does not exceed 12 cm, but their thickness varies depending on the material, from 0.3 to 1 mm.Maximum dimensions are slats made of plastic.
Standard panel thickness of aluminum is less than 0.6 mm.It is the thinnest aluminum tape - it bends well, and is therefore used for the decoration of the ceilings of complex configuration.
cross section rails recalls channel - this configuration allows you to install them not only butt, but with a gap.
By way of installation of aluminum ceilings are divided into three types: solid, closed and open.In the table above you can see their features.
|Ceiling Type||installation method||Features|
|Solid||The surface looks like a monolithic joints between panels are almost invisible.Decorative elements in the ceiling of this type is mounted flush.||This is possible thanks to the special design of the guide profile.The edges of the strips in such kits often have a decorative edging that avoids certain monotony ceiling interera.Otsutstvie visible joints is ensured by a special configuration of strips that do not have a chamfer or rounding and chamfers along the perimeter of the front side.|
|Outdoor||Reiki in an open ceiling mounted with a gap, the size of which may vary within one to two centimeters.This design provides good ventilation and prevents the formation of condensate.||this reason, open ceilings are ideal for rooms with high humidity.Free circulation of air allows you to set inside the ceiling space conditioning system.This is very important for public buildings with high traffic needing mechanical ventilation: railway stations, metro stations, theater foyer, covered markets.A considerable height, which differ in such spaces, making the gaps between the rails almost invisible.|
|closed with inserts||ceilings gated with inserts are mounted, in fact, on the same principle as that of the open.The only difference is that the gaps between the panels are closed decorative inserts.||design makes it possible to combine the rail of different colors to create an original design.As a rule, buying a set ceiling gated buyer the opportunity to choose the decorations to your liking.Depending on the configuration of the inserts (U-shaped, V-shaped), they can completely cover the joint between the rails, or to create a sense of play.|
- By combining decorative elements, glossy surface slats can be combined with opaque inserts, or vice versa.In most cases, inserts are chrome, copper or the bronze with gilding.
- combine elements of the ceiling, you can not only coloring but also the width of the strips.Make it on your own is impossible.
possibility of such a combination provides for the construction of the ceiling, consisting of strips of different widths.This multipanel suspended ceilings, the size of suspended elements which can vary considerably.
example of such a structure, you can see in the picture below.
Naturally, each type of rack ceiling has features to install.For those planning to install design with their own hands, come to the aid of videos, and of course, the manufacturer's instructions.
strip ceiling frame consists of aluminum parts, the main of which is the stringer (traverse), or as it is called, comb.This element is designed for mounting rails.
This special support rail with the teeth on the working shelf, the distance between which varies, depending on the width of the panels.
- comb attached to the overlap with the help of needles or spring hangers, the length of which determines the hanging indent the surface of the base ceiling.By the way, sets ceilings made of individual designs, support rails can be bent.
- Mount stringer by means of springs, which can be an intermediary between the spokes and the rack can connect two spokes, or do completely without them.Everything depends on the outboard surface of the indentation.
That is why, in the sets of spokes suspended ceilings are not included and must be purchased separately.Their size is chosen based on the height of the particular room.
The reference profile used line trim.He closes the side seam panel with the wall.
In the end part of the ceiling profiles are mounted in U-shape.For their installation using dowels, nails and screws, but the slats are held on the frame by means of special tool joints.
What you should know
course, to correctly calculate the amount of material you need to know the length and width of the room.If it has a protruding part (niche, bay), metering is done at the most distant points.
When buying a ceiling set, calculate the area of a rack:
- example 0.1m * 4m = 0.4 m2.For example, the area of the room in which the ceiling will be set ravna18m2.
Dividing this figure by 0.4 m2, you will get the required number of strips.In our case it is 45 pieces, but this figure must be added ten percent of the waste, that is, 5 more pieces.
- Based on the number of racks, according to the norms defined by the manufacturer, count the number of profiles and fasteners.For headlining small area, buyer narezhut strips in the store - the price of this service does not affect the cost of the set.Convenient, is not it?
- Before you start assembling strip ceilings, need to determine the number of luminaires, to designate the point of their location, produce wiring harness.Sami fixtures installed in the least, and yet the findings are isolated and left free.
- Distance hanging indent the surface of the slab must take into account the size of recessed luminaires.Their height is usually not more than 8 cm.
If it will not be used spotlights and chandelier or overhead lighting, a space can be minimized, or not do at all.
- If the ceiling smooth, without extremes and potholes, the stringers can be mounted directly to the base ceiling, without the use of needles and spring hangers.In the presence of these defects, suspensions help align the suspension surface in the same plane.When the marking, all these details must be considered.On the wall
- carry the lowest mark of the ceiling and the indentation level.On the bottom line, with a pitch of 40-50 cm, is mounted trim profile.
On the ceiling are marked longitudinal and transverse lines.The distance between the longitudinal belts standard - 1.2 m.Cross-slash line through 30-40 cm. The countdown is conducted not from wall to wall, and from the central axis - to the walls.
- At the points of intersection of the lines must be installed hangers.The horizontal alignment is done by regulating them.
Depending on the design, in the suspension must tighten up the screw to move the clip or spring pull.The mounting rail is fixed to the suspension by a snap tab.Positioning it must be perpendicular to the rails.
- If the length of the stringer is not enough for the whole room to mount his butt desired segment.The connection is made by cutting out segments in their shelves, and the resulting bend tabs.
does not have to traverse end rested against the wall, the distance may be up to 25 cm.
- Installing rails made from the wall, across the support rails so that the width of the crop had only the last rail.This is done in a far corner of the entrance.
For supporting rails along the length of first-line trim is installed, set the first two panels, then mounted U-shaped profile, gently skipping through it ends rails.Subsequent panels will simply start at the ends of the groove.
Design project ceiling rack, designed for large areas, may require the division of the area of the ceiling segments. So you can avoid the inconvenience of work too long rails.
a ceiling looks like a leaf with geometric shapes: square, rectangle, waves.This not only simplifies assembly, but also very beautiful.
Please note the photo above and you will be able to see this.Alternatively, it may be a mounting rails in different directions or planes.