This issue should be approached very seriously.It can spoil the whole structure previously made.Such work can be done with their own hands, the main thing is not to rush and do everything carefully.
On this topic there is a photo and video on the Internet, where you will be given step by step instructions how to putty ceiling.
ready tools and material
work begins with the preparation, it is necessary to apply a protective coating to protect the individual elements of the debris.They want to close, in fact arisen dust can penetrate deep into the surface and it will be difficult to eliminate.So
- look and make an assessment of the state of the ceiling.Depending on the work, make purchases putty start and finish, paint roller and acquire a building grid, primer;
- to perform kneading and giving the desired viscosity of the mixture should buy a drill and attachment to it, the scraper.It took construction trowel grid and sandpaper.
Note: Purchase a few spatula
- Mixing is best done in the capacity of a filler with a size of about 20 liters.It has straight walls, which allows you to select the entire solution.It is most convenient to carry out the preparation of the liquid using a drill and corolla;
- When buying fillers immediately pay attention to the composition and method of use. It can be of various kinds: for interior and exterior. Immediately take just what is needed.The instructions immediately read to a surface is a mixture;
- If you finish the old ceiling, where it is necessary to remove the old paint, to do this, apply the brush on metal.If there are cracks in the coating (see: How do seal the crack in the ceiling, the actual recommendations), but it is well kept, then it is necessary to gouging width intervals of about one cm. This can be done with a hammer and zkbila;
- Purchase and primer, which penetrates deep into the surface.And do not take cheap and dubious mixture, prefer trusted brands.Material for finishing must be of high quality.
When prepared by the tool and the material purchased, it is necessary to properly prepare the surface.
As is done basecoat, so will form and decoration materials:
- Remove all the old elements of the cover: paint, wallpaper and others. Just look at the dark spots.If they are, then they should be treated with antifungal mixture (sm.Gribok ceiling - the emergence and solutions).If the stains are large, then before the treatment is better to walk on them with a blowtorch, it will help to destroy the fungus;
- Cracks in the ceiling should be expanded and thoroughly primed surface.If the plane has irregularities, then the work should be carried out by applying to the surface serpyanka.
To do this, cover the plane of the thin layer of glue serpyanku solution to the surface;
- After processing should be allowed to completely dry the material, and only then proceed.
qualitatively prepared putty is long enough.It does not appear cracks.So go to this issue seriously.For residential premises is better to use compounds that are made on the basis of plaster.They lie
better and easier handled.When processing should be taken into account and the humidity of the room.Consult a sales manager, and read the instruction material.
- Take the plastic container and pour it in the filler;
- Take a container of water at room temperature and add it to the dry mixture.This stirring composition;
- Using a mixer or a drill with a paddle stirred solution and bring it to a state of sour cream. Weight should be homogeneous.Not allowed lumps;
- Normal solution achieved by adding dry blend to water at a ratio of 3: 1.
- mixture immediately after preparation should not be used.It should give her to stand 15-20 minutes.
Some do not want to buy a mix, and prefer to do it by hand.It is also possible to perform.Buy gypsum and chalk in a ratio of 1: 3, also need carpenter's glue 2-5%.(Do not forget that it is necessary to wear a gauze bandage to protect themselves from the dust).
To start sift powder, and clean them from stones.Then we add them into the adhesive and stirred until homogeneous.
For a better bond can be prepared and adhesive putty to the ceiling.We must take the adhesive solution in 10-five percent, about five kg.
Mela (previously it is necessary to sift).Th 25 grams olify.Razogreyte glue and mix it with linseed oil.Next, stir and add the chalk to the desired economic gustoty.Dobavte bit of chalk, it is required to give elasticity and putty then good running.
Warning: Do not make the material too thin.He must have a good lie down on the surface and the pitch tool.
If the mixture was very fluid, then it should be added like paints, it will give additional strength.
to increase hardness can add PVA glue.With his application of the ceiling can not be primed.
price of these materials is not so high.And if you want, of course you can prepare them yourself.
Performing putty ceiling
Now we look at how to properly putty ceiling.To perform this operation required a tool that you have already purchased.
execution sequence is as follows:
- For a start, we take a narrow spatula material and put it on a tool that will cover the surface of the ceiling. not take a lot of mixture, apply it to the center of a wide spatula.When applying the material to be distributed from the center toward the edges;
- mixture is applied to the ceiling, so many do not put, it must be distributed completely.For flatness does not follow the main thing that was a common plane.It
we will roughing which is already applied the finish.With that, we level the surface.I think you understand how to apply the plaster on the ceiling;
- Then we wait for the first coat dries.It is necessary to apply a second layer which is dry for even longer.So be patient.Each subsequent layer will dry longer and have to wait for the order of the day;
Note: Begin by making the surface of the window.It is better to light and allows to visually assess the qualitative plane and see all the irregularities.
- that there were no bands, putty knife should be held at an angle of about 25-30 *, then there are no problems with the application of the material;
- Each subsequent layer is applied in the direction of the previous one.Then there is a uniform distribution.Finished Lots not alter, therefore perform the work carefully;
Note: If all the same it is necessary to fix the surface a bit, then simply it should be done in the direction in which the plaster and lay down.And most importantly, soak in water and trowel completely clean it from the mixture before performing the correction.Then you can smooth out the surface.
- If the ceiling has a plurality of irregularities, then first they must process each individually, and only then start to finish the whole plane.When large pothole, do not take a lot of material, it is still unnecessary.
Therefore, it is necessary to do everything gradually.Sometimes, to hide one sink need to apply multiple layers of material;
- If the ceiling is a convex, then they should be removed.If there is a much larger crack, then you should apply the reinforcing material, it will help in the elimination of defects and increase the tightness surfaces;
- the filler is not necessary to apply a thick layer.She could not qualitatively dry and fall off.The thickness of the applied layer should not exceed five mm, otherwise it will not dry out qualitatively and in time the material will be covered with cracks.Therefore, let each layer dry before the end;
- If you find after drying too big band, then make a mixture of milk and dry, apply it with a soft spatula.For this filler should add more water to make it more liquid;
Warning: Under no circumstances pour water with the remnants of putty into the sewer.She settles and clogs the passage.If you do not fulfill this requirement, you can change and sewage pipes.
We figured out how to properly putty ceiling.We now have in the way of the next step, which is no less important, is prepared by grinding plane.
For a start it must be said that the treated surface must dry completely.This process takes about 12 hours.
Then you can start to work:
- Take a trowel grid and fasten it on a grater.You can apply other holders.Do not forget that it is necessary to cover up furniture and other items, while working to dust from which to protect the surface;
- Polishing ceiling perform a circular motion and strongly pressed the tool to the plane.
Warning: During operation, constantly shakes off the dust that is driven into the cell.She pressed it and after treatment are formed on the surface of the deep sink.This can not be tolerated.
- After complete processing scans the entire surface.If the plane has a notable sinks, then eliminate them by means of jelly fillings as prepared above;
- After a complete treatment of the surface should be primed.It is best suited for this spray.If not, you can use the roll;
- If you purchase grinder, then it will greatly facilitate your work.
Note: Sometimes after sanding the ceiling can detect surface defects that occur more significantly.Then we'll put another layer of putty.And all done in new ways.
On this topic there are a lot of video that can be viewed.With the help of putty and sanding, you can eliminate all the irregularities of the ceiling and make it perfect.Just be patient.And then enjoy the beautiful ceiling.