spackling the ceiling is possible to say a final stage in the manufacture of the plane.But he most important (in terms of appearance).How many times
putty ceiling, you can not answer correctly, it all depends on the preliminary work on plastering the surface, and this in turn depends on the surface roughness and material manufacturing.On this subject a lot of photos and videos in the internet, everyone can see.
We present all the details.Will be instructed to implement this work.
Inspection plane and choice of material
Technology putty ceiling depends on the material surface fabrication .But for all of them it is important to determine the beginning of the desired layer thickness.
So, all in order:
- Find the lowest level in the shelf and put a mark;
- After this transfer the resulting size of the wall to the other, for this it is best to use a hydraulic level.It is most definitely allow to do the job.It can be purchased in retail.Or you can do it yourself.
to perform the work required a rubber hose with a long, long diagonal space, at least one meter. buy two glass tubes at the drugstore.
diameter which should allow tight ends to enter the rubber hose.Insert the tube in both ends of the hose.Hydraulic level ready.
- After all the points marked on the walls, they want to connect.This well help monofilament thread.
by which bounces a line.We got drawn by the plane properly positioned ceiling;
- look what we miss the location of the ceiling and how much we need to putty.Then determine how to choose the plaster ceiling.
- If the ceiling is made of tree and a layer of overlay material over two cm., Then it is better obbit shingled surface and the first layer of grout impose. After it dries, you can apply the finish of plaster;
Warning: Do not try to make a thick layer of putty, especially on a wooden surface.He still will not hold.
you spend only the money and power to perform not work properly.
- If you have a reference plane of the ceiling concrete (concrete ceiling sm.Zalivka: doing things right) and need a layer one centimeter.Then this job is best performed immediately dry plaster mixture.
better putty ceiling in this version, I think everyone understands.This, of course, would be the easiest and least time consuming option.
technology spackling the ceiling is not so complicated.In this matter, the main thing to be patient and follow a certain technology.
Then after manufacture and do not have any questions to repair the ceiling.Now we can think about what is best for plaster ceiling.
Putties not so much.They are separated mainly by the manufacturer.And they may be divided only into two types.
And the question of what putty putty ceiling will not be disturbed.All well and it will become clear.
- Caulking ready , which is a ready-made mixture, which can be directly consumed.In the retail trade there is a material and has already packed in different containers.
In principle, you can take it as a mixture as required for the work.
I think to a large amount of work it is not worth buying.It can be made with your own hands, and it will cost much cheaper.
It can be purchased for a small amount of work as a result of which you use up it quickly. After opening the container, the material should be used within a few days, then it comes into disrepair.
Moreover, its price is significantly above the dry mixtures.
- Dry putty , this is exactly what we will do.She, too, is in the free market.
But you can cook it as long as necessary to perform the work.And the rest of you should close and leave for other work.These blends quite a long shelf life;
The same must be said one more detail.
have fillers there are two versions of this application:
- Start, which runs over a rough piece of work and it has a larger fraction.The first layer is better to put it to them;
- finish that does have facial treatment.Has a finer fraction, resulting in a smooth surface is obtained.
Note: If you have applied, and the start and finish, better buy one of their products.If you take a different, whereas there have been cases of peeling.Do not take chances in this regard.
Now ceiling than putty, I think you can easily define.Pay attention to the material manufacturing base of the ceiling, look at the thickness of the overlay layer and make the right choice, according to the principles set out earlier.
Tools and materials for the job
Now we come to the issue than putty ceiling.
for this work to be purchased and the right tool:
- brush or roller to apply the primer;
- Spatula 40 cm wide. It will be the main tool by which we apply plaster to the base surface.
As a result, a large application of the material plane the whole axis of the ceiling is easier to identify;
- auxiliary spatula.With a width of 10 cm and diamonds;
- to work in hard to reach places need a spatula narrow, with a width of about 4 cm;
- ladder and table will help you reach places of work;
- Flashlight.Use it to send the lighting angle and notice things are not exactly in the work;
Just we need and a tool:
- mixer or electric drill with paddle.With them, you can knead the mixture and make it homogeneous;
- capacity, which has a vertical wall.It will be convenient to mix the solution .;
- Just do not forget to take a primer for concrete surfaces.She is best quality permeates a solid surface;
- Dry mixture for putty.
Make a solution
spackling the ceiling starts with the preparation of the mixture. her case should be immediately before application.Do not knead it a lot.
do to use up all in one approach:
- vain to start the dry mixture through a sieve.She cleaned up and all the lumps are broken;
- Take container solution and fall asleep to the dry mixture;
- Add water and mix using a drill with a nozzle;
- If necessary, add more water and stir again.The solution is to get the structure of sour cream.Weight should be homogeneous and free of lumps;
Note: After the mixing nozzle on the drill better to wipe with a damp cloth, or simply drop it in a container with water and turn on.Then she obmoetsya quality.
If this is not done, then a thin layer that remains on the surface, dries quickly.And when the next batch of these hard lumps fall into the plaster and will spoil the surface.
When the mixing should be performed just some of the rules.
And then the trouble during the conduct of the work will not arise:
- solution Prepare meals that you will be able to spend half an hour.Otherwise, the material begins to grasp and you just throw it away;
- every next batch of material should be prepared only after consuming the last.Before the start of the batch always rinse the container;
- Never pour water after flushing the toilet tank.It settles and this will lead to clogging.
application technique putty
If you decide to do the work with their hands, then we should know how to do it:
- Take the putty into a small container with a spatula and apply it to the big.And we have in the middle of the blade.We need to press the plane and the material located throughout the length of the tool, but not to the edge;
- put more spatula to the ceiling and set it at an angle of about 45 degrees;
- uniform and continuous movement spatula're on a plane and put a layer on the ceiling is not more than 4-5 mm.This layer lies, if you need to align the surface (sm.Vyravnivanie ceiling with his hands high differential).For the finishing layer is about one mm;Do
- surface treatment is not large portions.Do not take a large amount at once.Apply the material crosswise.
In the process, you learn how to do it quickly and efficiently.It is best to start doing from the window.At this point, better lighting, which will put a good start;
- After all the plaster used up, you can make a new one.Do not forget to pre-rinse the container.
Note: When applying the material can be obtained band.Eliminate them immediately, without waiting for the complete drying.
But large.If there are minor and a small band shell, then they can be removed after the surface dries.
After applying the first coat, wait for the complete drying of the surface.
and can be applied to the second:
- Knead the putty, as mentioned above;
- start to stack material from the same place where he started to do the work.Only layer was applied much less.This time we just flatten the surface.Therefore, the material takes far less;
Note: If during the period of application to the plane obtained long strip, then you should do this: Give a little to dry the surface, moisten a spatula in water and a wet tool smooths the surface.
- Again we wait complete drying of the surface;
Now go to the grinding of the ceiling (ceiling sm.Shlifovka done correctly).
- Take the grater and anchoring her trowel grid with large cells;
- starts to process the surface dried out.In no case strongly pressed to the surface of the grid is impossible.Erase the plane and then we can clearly see how to make the surface;
Note: When handling do circular motion and constantly shakes off the grid.In her cell stuffed dust, which is compressed and then damage the surface.
- After surface treatment using a grid with a large cell, change it to a fine.We perform the same job.Now erased small band shell and aligned;
- Then take a flashlight and shine on the ceiling at an angle.Now we can clearly see all the flaws.
Can be noticeable smaller shells that were previously invisible.Then you take and make plaster, only the liquid in the form of a thick jelly.Take a rubber spatula and point to plug the sink;
- Give them dry, is not long, about half an hour.And just a dot erase fine mesh.
Now you know what putty ceiling and how to do it. All work can be done with their own hands and without the need for outside help.
ceiling completely obrabotan.Konechno, this time-consuming work.If you need to handle much larger plane, it is better to buy a grinder.
With it you can do it much bystree.Podberite desired plinth and stick it on the same plaster.
When completely dry, you can paint the ceiling.If you do everything according to the technology, you will not have problems with the ceiling for a long time.