Currently, became particularly popular wood-beamed ceilings.Moreover, they can build not just wood, but also to any other building.
Wooden materials besides a good aesthetic properties are different:
- thermal insulation
Of course, other materials have many opportunities and options for the design decisions (see. What could be the design of the ceiling).First, consider the ceiling in wooden houses.
Types ceiling in a wooden house
in wooden houses, as a rule, there are:
- Beam boarded
- Solid coasting
Beam boarded - is ceilings beams, filed with the inner side of the room boards.In mezhbalochnom space usually set heater. ceilings solid coasting - is construction of logs, sometimes round and rough.To make it, the ceiling must be made of lath boards.This rule applies to all ceilings, even in multi-storey buildings with panel ceilings.
What breeds produce binder
for filing ceilings are usually used lumber from domestic wood such as:
- Spruce Pine
Quality indicators lumber
quality lumber and wood trim ceilings, are inextricably linked. for finishing commonly used coniferous wood:
- Pine Spruce Fir
- Larch Cedar
materials regulated by GOST 8486-86 , and good for decoration.Accordingly, GOST, lumber - boards are divided into five grades:
- Choice: 1.2,3,5.
- Bars divided into four grades: 1.2,3,4.
attention.Lumber from the first to the third grade made dry with moisture content up to 22%.Best timber are those which have a moisture content in the range of 16%.It's the humidity level which will be operated by a wooden ceiling.
Dimensions boards for sheathing
sheathing boards from different types of wood are made of different lengths.The average length of the boards is 4m .Longer available on request.The minimum thickness of planed boards softwood is 12 mm.90-150 mm width boards should have a thickness of 18 mm.Structurally, the right to use the board thickness of 18 mm.Each supplier can deliver lumber different lengths and widths.
mount boards during the plating
- Nails screws screws
Our tips.For correct mounting boards need to learn a few tips and rules:
- long nails for fastening to be three times greater than the thickness of the board
- long screws for attaching equal to 2.5 times the thickness of the board
- not stable planks in width over 75mm,mounted on the edges
- At the edge of the board to prevent cracking of the need to drill holes for
- sheet fastenings need to use nails or metal fasteners - capping
- You can use glue for wood.Glue is applied to the board via the 200mm
Splicing blind stitch boards
Wood trim is not difficult if you know how to splice Hem board .For large size of the room it is sometimes necessary to splice boarded boards.This should be done so as not to disturb the overall appearance.Splices must be evenly distributed over the entire area of the ceiling of wood or of them can make a definite pattern.Links boarded boards can perform butt or leave in between the seams of a few millimeters.
For the exact size of the seam between the boards of a certain thickness is inserted gasket (nails, plates, etc.).After a preliminary mounting boards nailed it, going from the center to the edges or from edge to edge. You can not strengthen the board, going from the edges to the center .This can cause them to curl.To ensure that the density of the seam, the ends of the boards are cut down at a slight angle.
Installation podshivnoy wooden structure
podshivnoy device for strip ceilings, wooden slats 50x50 mm thick at a distance of 500-600 mm from each other, are mounted directly to the ceiling joists, or to the headliner screw nails or screws.You can make a frame with double planks crosswise, 22 mm thick.In the space that is formed between the boards can be run electrical wire.The disadvantage podshivnoy designs are some difficulties with alignment rails .To do this, you must first draw a horizontal line on the wall, and then align with the help of the rest of the cord rack by placing under each rail if necessary gaskets of different thicknesses.
Suspended ceilings are fixed to the metal frame on special suspensions that are placed over 800 mm.Bars main battens are attached via 700 - 1000 mm, and the carrier crates through 400-600 mm.In the space between the suspended ceiling and the major convenient to lay various communications - electrically, ventilation, etc.Suspended design can be easily adjusted in height.They can be stacked.Installation principle resembles installation of drywall ceilings.
Headlining boards takes place in accordance with the design project.The most popular option - a lining Lining.Quality finish ceiling tree depends on the profile Lining.
options Lining profiles there are so many.After completion of installation of the board must be properly treated.On request they can be treated tinting compositions, stain and mordants, achieving different colors and shades. Lining can be treated with special oils, and mastic to simulate fine wood.When selecting Lining boards should focus on the reasonable middle ground.Do not choose the rack too wide or too narrow.Racks width within 100 mm at the time.