Construction of ceilings with wooden beams are closely tied to the style of the interior.It would be foolish to make a ceiling in a room of ethnic style, and the furniture in the style of pick haytek.Design ceiling directly affects the design of the room.Starting with the design of the ceiling is necessary to design ideas throughout the room.Wooden ceilings, made of natural wood, are the pinnacle of design.
ceiling beams made of wood bearing and can be boarded.Supporting beams naturally carry the load if they are joists in high-rise building.Beams coating are not distributed load as they are in the space between the bathroom and the attic.
wooden ceiling beams in the interior of the rooms were used for a long time and successfully used today.They are used as an interior decoration in different styles.Modern methods of dyeing, dressing timber allows to choose any color according to the developer.
Decorative wooden beam ceilings can be used in any room.Humidity is not an obstacle for them.
materials for ceiling wooden beams
ceiling wooden beams made of different types of wood.
mainly used softwood:
- Larch Pine Spruce
Hardwood rarely used by their high cost.In addition, they are inferior in strength of softwood.Is that in addition to oak.
Oak excellent wood for the ceiling beams , but "a little" pricey.Ceiling wood beams made from solid oak is very difficult.
beams of great length and thickness of the crack during the drying process, and may warp.Therefore, all boarded beams made of box-shaped thin boards.
ceiling beams in the wooden house had long suffered not only structural function, but utilitarian.They tried to decorate carving, painted colors, etc.
Eventually softwood took a nice color.The resin in conifers canned wood from rot, providing it with longevity.
thick wooden ceiling beams make the room somewhat higher, forming a kind of caissons on the ceiling.The designer used a decorative wooden ceiling beams for utilitarian functions as a holder for the dishes.
ceiling beams blend harmoniously with the furniture in the room, creating a single ensemble.
To refine wood-beamed ceilings decorate them with special pads.These include difficulty in processing these beams.In addition, you can make the lining of the more valuable wood.By applying various methods of treatment of wood, the beams can be given a vintage look.
Achieving original interior decorative wooden ceiling beams designers placed at different angles, parallel to the walls or make them crossed.
For registration ceilings designers once had to beat a variety of styles.Country style (rustic) is now the most popular.
Ceiling decorative wooden beams combine well with stone, textiles, ceramics.Victorian style presupposes beams Antique expensive breeds of mahogany, black, etc.
Modern designers use several styles in the design of ceilings:
artificial beams of modern materials
Inmodern interiors are widely used artificial decorative beams made of polyurethane.The only disadvantage of these beams is their artificial origin.In all other terms they give odds to natural wood.
They have a number of positive qualities:
- speed installation
- nice texture
- wide color gamut
- not affected by fungi
- not rot
Artificial beams have several kinds of profiles which differbetween a performance.
- Type 1: U - shaped beams made of MDF or particle board.On the plate glued veneer of valuable wood.Details connect beams at an angle of 90 degrees .
- Type 2: U - shaped beams made of MDF or particle board.Their parts are connected 45 degrees .Construction beams reinforced rails of different types of wood.
- Type 3: differs from the first two types of the fact that the beams rounded corners.If the design of the room is dominated by smooth lines - this option is a good solution.These beams are made of veneered MDF or chipboard.The corner joints used profiled rail.1,2.3 beams can be painted various enamels and patinated.
- Type 4: The beams are made of slats of pine, oak, ash, larch and others. These beams are used for interior rooms in the style of Provence, or country.Due to the fact that the bar is made from a natural material can be processed like normal wood.
- Beams are made of slats, the design of the beam is the same as the number of the beam 4, but her lower edges rounded.Due to the fact that the beam is made of a natural material, it can be treated as an ordinary timber.
Beam made of solid wood, may be a carrier, and a suspension.Finishing beam is the same as normal wood.
Decorative beams in the interior
Artificial polyurethane decorative beams are produced in an industrial environment and therefore have a uniform appearance.Wooden beams are all different.It's certainly not their fault.
But they work hard and uncomfortable, and sew them to the ceiling is quite difficult and time-consuming task.The artificial beams can be embedded spotlights, while in natural wood beams can also be embedded, but only with difficulty.Artificial beam produced as a hollow profile.
to embed spotlights in the natural beams need to use a variety of tools.Among other things necessary to carry out treatment for the prevention of fire retardants.And this is an additional cost.
Installation of wooden beams
During construction of the house is necessary to take care of the installation of ceiling beams.
main condition for working with wood is:
- Wood must be dry
- qualitative (no rot, blue, etc.)
Do not listen to the advice that we first establish and then all beamsstill dry.During drying the wood may crack, and the ceiling of wooden beams can lose load-bearing capacity.
ceiling with wooden beams during plant installation ends in a brick wall.To replace the joists need to spend a lot of time, effort, and money, respectively.The ceiling on wooden beams can be done immediately.
But you need to have ready-made beams, they are mounted on them and lay flooring.This method is the most economical in the individual building.In this case, all the decorative work on beautification of the beams going down.
floorboards sanded, varnished bottom to the construction site, and then installed on the beams.
Self finish ceiling beams
One kind of finishing ceiling beams have brushing wood.This method can be used independently without a large financial costs.
To do this you must have:
- Wooden beams
- Angle Grinders Electric Drills
- synthetic grinding attachment
It lends itself well to brushing softwood.In this technology, there are a few little secrets, without which you can not achieve good results.
brushes for brushing is necessary to have three types:
- For rough brushing (metallic)
- For intermediate brushing (synthetic)
- for polishing (sezalevye)
must first remove the layer of wood with a metal brush.Metal brush choose soft layers of wood to a greater depth.After this decorative beams sanded and polished synthetic brushes sezalevymi.
This decorative beam treated and lacquered stains, may give the impression that she was two hundred years.Applying this technology yourself, you can reduce the cost of wood, decorative beams at times.In order to put guests on the blades can be simulated defeat ceiling beams bark.
To do this is not particularly sophisticated equipment:
- Engraver Engraver Accessories
Awl prick input koroeda- woodworm in the wood, and the engraver engraving attachment with "draw" his moves.The cost of the engraver, and a few tips to more than pay for all costs of production of the decorative beams.
plasterboard on timber beams could not be easier
Installation of plasterboard ceiling on wooden beams is not particularly difficult.The metal frame of the profiles is mounted on the suspension to the wooden beams with screws 50mm long screws .It is much easier to fix than suspensions to the concrete beams, installing hundreds of anchors.
technology installation plasterboard ceiling is the same for all types of floors.After marking the ceiling multiple 600mm, mounted hangers, which are attached to the metal profiles and drywall to them.
there are some nuances in the plasterboard ceiling of wooden beams, which filed boards and plastered.There is a possibility that in old houses just boarded board nailed to the joists with nails.In order to make sure that the ceiling does not fall, it is necessary to fight off the plaster strip along the wall, and see what the nails nailed boards.
If there are doubts about the strength of each board must be screwed to the joists with screws self-tapping screws.After such a strengthening of the ceiling, it does not matter, get hung on beams or not.It is not necessary to remove all of the old ceiling plaster.After marking the ceiling plaster is removed at the attachment points of hangers.
Tip: if the house is perfectly flat floor and checked with the help of a level, you can simply transfer the points from the floor to the walls and display a horizontal line to the ceiling.