Do plasterboard, for many people facing this material may be the most effective way out of repair.There are many apartments, especially the old buildings for which other materials simply can not be applied.
Therefore, in this article we decided to tell you how to make plasterboard.There are a large number of materials, but let's see in what cases is to apply this type of finish and how to make themselves plasterboard.
Properties ceiling plasterboard
This design has many advantages, but there are also disadvantages, because of which it is not necessary to install.So
- With its help, you can hide all the flaws of the reference plane.And it is not even worth doing the alignment .
only, of course, if there is not too large differences;
- is also possible to hide the communication on the ground plane.And at the same time increase the heat and sound insulation of the room.It is not unimportant;
- surface will be just perfectly flat;
- Service does not take a lot of time and money;
- It is possible to mount a multi-level system (sm.Mnogourovnevye plasterboard ceilings do correctly);
- truth must be said about one important nedostatke.Takoy material should not be used in rooms with high humidity.
There, he will not stand for long.And if you flood the neighbors, then you may need to do the dismantling of the entire structure.
truth can escape this course and choose waterproof material.Then it will reduce the risk of deformation in contact with water.
Warning: When attaching the water-resistant material should pay particular attention to the seams.When decorating water-resistant materials should be used.
Then the penetration of water you will avoid many troubles.
- This eco-friendly product that is not harmful to human health.Able to maintain the desired humidity in the room;
- not a high price, also attracts the consumer;
- All work can be done with their own hands and without the need for outside help.This much reduces the cost of the entire structure;
choice of material
First, we determine the type of material that is suitable.This depends on the premises.
And the choice must be done properly and after that will provide instructions how to make plasterboard:
- best for finishing the ceiling material.
It is most thin and light than the lower weight of the whole structure.But it should not be fastened in a room with high humidity;
- bathroom is more suitable for another, which is moisture-resistant.
In the manufacture of such a sheet are different antifungal composition mixture.They oppose a moist environment and can be mounted in areas with no permanent heating;
- Where improved fire safety, it is necessary to install fire-resistant material .Which carries an elevated temperature, and thus does not change the initial properties.
Now you know which product to choose from in this series, and you can make the right choice.Now it is necessary to understand how to make plasterboard ceiling.
This work can make almost anyone with their hands full.It takes only a little outside help, which will be reduced to ensure that the support elements.
This can help and relatives.
Preparing for the conduct of work
Before describing how to make plasterboard ceiling, you should know how to carry out preparatory work, without which it may not properly execute the product.To begin with a look at the website and you can see a photo of this design and pick the option you want performance and to determine the type.So
- Make general drawing (lines leading plasterboard ceilings - what is needed).This will allow you to calculate the correct amount of material;
- for continuous operation need to purchase the appropriate profile, and hardware. Do not forget to buy and cross crabs, which will strengthen the structure;
- Just need the following tools: the hydraulic level, which should buy or make yourself, screwdriver, hammer drill or a hammer;Nylon thread, fishing line, tape measure, square building;
Warning: Do not buy sets of anchors.Take separate blanks, and it screws with a diameter less than two mm from the orifice.
Only such a relationship will provide reliable fastening.
- Just once, and should consider the completion of the construction and purchase ceiling moldings and plaster;
- made a preliminary examination of the plane and check for mold.If it is, then you should buy antiseptics, which are in the retail and surface finish.
This disease must be destroyed.It is advisable to perform processing twice.Preference is given to liquid and deep penetration.
Now we know how to make plasterboard potolok.Ves material brought to the place of work in advance.
He must dial the desired humidity and adjust to room temperature.All work must be carried out at a positive temperature, preferably above 20 degrees.
Warning Mounting construction should begin only after the complete installation of windows and doors.
After buying the necessary materials, and conduct pre-processing, you can start to work.Now we'll decide how to make gypsum board ceilings.
Consider the example of how to make plasterboard ceilings with metal profiles.Working with wood is carried out exactly in the same way.
mount frame (sm.Karkas ceiling plasterboard - all the little things or little things do not happen.) Is the beginning of the job.The frame will be placed all the elements.
He will ask the proper configuration.From the correctness of the installation will depend on all kind of construction.
It should have a regular geometric shape and firmly secured to the base ploskosti.Teper consider how to make plasterboard ceilings.
- find the lowest corner of the room and put a mark.To it must be added the thickness profile;
Caution: Sheet metal can be mounted on a wooden beam profile go.If you choose the second option Installation, then you should bring the material to the place of work in advance.
hold his treatment with antiseptics.Which will prevent the formation of mold and mildew.
Prefer bars with moisture content up to 12 percent.
- Just be aware and insulation thickness, if it is applied .Gaining and set the mark.
That we get the level of placing the entire structure;
- now transfers this point to the other wall.To do this, use the hydraulic level.
With his help, you can work most closely;
- carry and put the mark.Then we need to connect all points in a line.
For this we use nylon thread.With its help line just bounces and connects all points in one stretch.Forms
level placement of the ceiling;
- Now we perform fixing profile marked UD.To do this, cut to the desired size of the elements used for this grinder with cutting wheel or tin snips.
make connections.For the base, which is made of wood rather make the connection with screws.
for concrete surfaces should be done with the help of punch holes and dowel to make a connection.The attachment points must be located not less than 35 cm;
- Now do the layout of the main guiding profile.It is mounted at a distance of not more than 1250 mm, and the wire parallel lines.
It should be installed at about the middle of the sheet.Therefore, choose the distance, respectively;
Warning: Do the layout carefully and accurately.By profile will be held panel.
He was not attached to the weight.So pay attention to this.
- Cut the guide profile to the desired size, and insert it into an already established framework that we made around the perimeter.No connections are made in the butt.
do no more clearance.This way you will avoid trouble with the temperature difference;
- fastened to the suspension rails.Connection is made using metal screws.Apply
fixing two elements.In this way we will avoid the formation of play and provide rigidity connection.
compound is performed in the horizontal plane.To check the applied laser level or a long level.
pay attention to correct the stopwatch.All discrepancies will be reflected in the final result;
- Now set suspensions according to the markings made.The distance between them should be about 80 cm;
- Now do the layout for the longitudinal profile.We put it, connections are made every 40 cm for mounting the longitudinal and transverse 60 cm.
We consider mounting cross.You can choose both.In principle, it does not matter, it all depends on the convenience;
- cut the profile to the desired size.Between the rails exhibit longitudinal profile.
This step in the use of 50 cm. When determining points of fasteners should pay attention, it should not fall into the junction rails profiles and hangers;
Warning: Fixing the profile should be performed in a single plane.Watch this.
This will determine the placement of the entire plane ceiling.To check is to use the line.
which is stretched between the extreme elements.And it is the whole adjustment.
- Connection Profile with the guide is done with a crab.They make the structure more rigid and can lengthen the element;
- To enhance the design, you can go the other way.To carrier elements must be added two and connect them to the longitudinal.
It also will increase the stiffness.In his turn, longitudinal profile is attached with hangers in the middle of all the elements;
- There is another option to strengthen the structure.Mounted to the ceiling profile pieces, just before performing the connection cut the tip of the letter G.
take measurements of the distance from the ceiling to the bottom of the profile. Do not forget to leave a distance of about 3 cm to connect with dowels and here we have a point of incision;
Note: If these options should be made closer to the connection to bending.Then exclude themselves slack sheets of drywall.
for such a facility can be applied to suspensions of any length and eats the ability to adjust the ceiling in almost any height.Himself frame.
- now do install hangers and key cross-members.
Now it becomes clear, as do plasterboard ceilings, but that's not all.Ahead of a major operation to install wiring for lighting.
Preparing to install lighting fixtures
is purchased in advance.
Our designs can be applied to almost all of the options.Once you can estimate the path of conducting channels for fixing wires.So
- Determine the place and fasten wiring junction box;
- marks the point of placement of fixtures and set the mark;
- Making channels for wiring and fasten the wire.Placement of fixtures makes the release of the cable to be able to connect free;
Note: If you provided fixing chandeliers, then it is necessary at this point to set rack profile.
- Now, when there is the wiring, connect the lighting and look at the correct light distribution.Do it right away.Otherwise, then it would be impossible to fix.
Fastening drywall sheets
After checking the lighting, if all satisfied, disconnect the light through, remove the lamps and start fixing sheets.
For this work is to invite relatives, they will just keep sheet.The connection is done using the following tips.
have a lot of material to cut and it is carried out as follows:
- For this work, it is best to use the table that is clean.Make a mark on the material with a pencil;
- carrying out line shifts from the edge of the table by 5 mm.We put it on a straight rail and presses;
- Then hold the line with a sharp knife;
- sharply presses the second edge of the sheet.That breaks down quite smoothly;
- Handle line fracture plane and chamfered.
Now we need to make the connection sheet made frame.
For this is my advice to be followed, and the question of how to make a plasterboard ceiling, will not arise.We just do it.
- start the installation from the corner of the room .Here, the most favorable light and spread it's not exactly visible.
trail to the plane of the material fits snugly against the profile.It should remove all slack;
- business links with screws.Which is selected depending on the thickness of the material through every 1.5 cm;
- When performing mounting screw should go into the plane of the material for a couple of mm.After you install this hole hidden under a layer of putty;
- junction between the sheet and the wall is not necessary to leave a large gap.The material should not be placed in dense.This will prevent the negative effects of high humidity;
- when coming to the location of the ceiling lamp, do as follows.Make a mark on the sheet.Put.Perform a desired hole diameter on the plane.To do this it is best to use the grinder with a nozzle.It will help to make a hole.Paving the installation site and secured;
- If the screw once went wrong, do not make the connection in the same place, stand back, see a couple. And then follow correctly, it must be placed strictly perpendicular to the plane.
Now you know exactly how to make plasterboard.He already is.
We still hold the final plaster plane.This has a detailed article on our site.
Then fasten ceiling moldings.And do paint coating.How to make the most
plasterboard, no longer a secret.Fasten and connect the light fixtures.