Plasterboard many choose as a finishing material for one simple reason, with it you can transform almost any room.This material is ideal for walls and ceilings, creating intricate patterns and surfaces.Drywall - why?
Beautiful ceilings - a dream come true
builders love this material especially for the ease of working with him.It is easily sawed, drilled, bent at a certain skill and it can be used to level or vice versa distort any surface.
new material - new trends
Any appearance of new material encourages designers and builders to create a completely new directions in construction and architecture.So what happened to the plasterboard, its availability has led to the possibility of the device multilevel ceilings in houses and apartments without large capital investments.In today's article we will look at the possibility of the device and the installation of a two-level ceiling of plasterboard on its own.
design - a subject for art
Any job requires mandatory trai
You can yourself design a ceiling construction spy friends, acquaintances, pictured in magazines or on the Internet.It is not necessary to repeat exactly what he saw, you can use the basic direction and add your own ideas.The most important thing to look of a room is not affected by this.(See. How to decorate the ceiling)
Our information - wrong device or painting the ceiling may lead to a significant change in the visual space of the room.It can affect both positively and negatively to the perception of all renovated room.Remember that.
multilevel ceiling - assemble themselves
Preparation - froze
should start with a careful measurement of the room.In this case we are interested in the ceiling.Take measurements using a tape measure construction.
Our advice - to measure the ceiling is not necessary to resort to using ladders and assistant.It is sufficient to measure the floor of the room, they have the same dimensions.
- It is important to measure the diagonal of the room.
- According to the rules, the diagonal must be the same, but there are exceptions and not noticeable to the eye deviation can affect the installation.
Our advice - if you find discrepancy between the diagonals, in other words, your room has a diamond-shaped configuration, setting up a two-level ceiling can not only resolve the error, but also use it to create the original ceiling.Everything will depend on your imagination and taste.
have size - need a drawing
Using these sizes is necessary to draw a diagram of the structure of the future showing the location of electrical wiring, heating pipes and vents.All that may relate to the future installation.
You can use many computer programs, but if you're drawing a diagram manually pre-sheet and diversified scale grid, so you will have convenient reference points.
Our advice - for rooms with a small height.(See. The ceiling height in the Khrushchev and stalinka) Installation of two-level ceiling of plasterboard significantly reduces the height of the ceiling.Therefore, in some cases it is necessary to apply this technique.Arrange the ceiling is smaller from the ground.In this case, the part of the wall with a window, step back away 150 - 200 mm .The end result, a ceiling niche, which will be installed curtains.As a result, in this room can be installed the old curtains, without changing their size.Do you leave your curtains or install new anyway curtains or curtain string will be hidden from prying eyes, which give the room an additional effect.
- In the figure above, we have led an exemplary diagram of the future ceiling coverings in two tiers.Further, all our description will be based on it.
- This does not mean that you need to exactly replicate this design, the main thing to understand the essence and principle of operation.
- Using this data, you can design virtually any shape and style.
second question - materials
Next, you need to prepare materials.
About calculation of all the materials we will not talk in detail.This topic has already been discussed in the pages of our site with detailed description of the calculation of the required amount of gypsum board, profiles and screws.We will not dwell on this, wishing to always read about it on our pages.
Our information - do not use when fixing the profile to the ceiling anchor - nails and any plastic plugs.Use anchor - anchors are made of metal.
This is a gross violation may lead to the fact that at the time of the fire, the whole structure will collapse just down.In this case it is important to understand the anchor is intended to hold the structure peel and shear dowel runs.Ceiling profile is held in the gap.
Tools for mounting
materials are ready, it remains to prepare the instrument.
- level water
- Drill - Hammer
- electric screwdriver or a screwdriver with tips under the head screws
- Power Painter
- Shears for metal
- level of ordinary
- Protractoror building square to measure angles
first step - marking surface
Everything is ready, you can begin.
- With water levels are the lowest corner of the ceiling covers and stepping down, 5 mm , make a mark.
Mounting mounting discord
Now we'll do a little digression.For what it's done you'll see later.Installation of the two-level ceiling of plasterboard can be done in two ways (see: How do hem ceiling plasterboard yourself effortlessly).
- first method is that the first fully assembled the first level.In addition to the profile once installed drywall.
- this field, on top of the GCR mounted skeleton of the second level and fitted with drywall finish.
- done in such a construction when the area of the second level is comparatively high.
- Double GCR practically does not play a big role in overspending materials.
- In this case, mount the second level is much more convenient, and to install drywall covering the first level much easier.
- second way is to complete the installation frame at both levels, and in the last turn device coated sheathing.
- This method applies in the case where the area of the second level is quite large and the use of double coating GCR entails extra material loss and weighting structure as a whole.
Both the first and second methods are correct, their use depends on the ceiling and its design.
marking surface - ending
Let's try the first method.
- By 5 mm adds another 40 mm and set the mark.
- According to this mark, using a level, string and paint line held around the perimeter of the room line the walls.
- End of the line must exactly coincide with its beginning.If this happens, all is correct
Mount UD, and suspensions
- Through drill holes with dowels and fastened around the perimeter UD (PN) profile.
- Next, you need to install suspensions for CD (PP) profile.
Our reference - UD (PN) Profile guide - used for manufacturing and mounting structures from the GCR;CD (PP) - Profile support - used for the manufacture of the frame constructions of the GCR.GCR - gypsum board.
- Now you have to set suspensions for fixing CD profile.
- Location suspensions depends on the direction of installation of gypsum boards.
- In this case, you need to have the sheets as you most convenient based on the size of the room.
- profile must be positioned in parallel at a distance of 600 mm from each other.
- This joint sheets GCR should lie exactly on a single CD profile and the center of the sheet to the other.
- For this ceiling is marked by parallel lines on the basis of the aforementioned dimensions.
- made a mark on the lines at intervals of 600 mm and drill the hole.
- Install hangers.These parts are attached to the gap, so the use of the above, recommendations for their fastening.
- For accurate installing the CD profile, use the building level.
- profile is attached to the suspensions using screws "bugs."
Our advice - It may be that the direction of CD profile you chose this, which does not use enough solid material to its full length.Profile available in various sizes, and it is necessary to correctly calculate the purchase, but if this happens, do not despair, separate profiles can always be connected to each other by means of connecting elements and screws.
Ribs - "crab" right mount
- After installing parallel frame members, you must set the longitudinal stiffeners.
- they are performed from the same CD profile.
- Connect longitudinal ribs parallel guide can be the same way.
- But the right is where the compound is carried out using the "crab."
- Buy "crabs" can be together with the rails, and hardware GCR, their price is not high.
Our advice - Mostly ribs are installed in the joints of individual GCR, but to give added rigidity structure, if the ceiling is very large, it is recommended to install several ribs right in the middle of the sheet length of the FCL.
- If ribs are installed in the joints of individual sheets GCR must be placed strictly on the size of the sheet, then the rest can be arranged according to the scheme of the second level.
- How do you become more clear when we go to its description.
- size in this case does not matter, their main task of stiffening the whole structure
Ultimately, you should have a design similar to the one shown in the figure.
major components - electric
time to stop and do some wiring installation.(See. How to do the wiring) This is useful when our scheme.Composing it, you need to immediately determine the number of luminaires and their arrangement.
Note: Perform wiring and draw conclusions in a place where your idea should be your lamps, chandeliers or other lighting.
It is the turn of fastening sheets GCR.
- Fasten the sheets directly to the profiles of CD and UD.
- Do not forget to attach the stiffener to the GCR.
Our advice - During installation, drywall immediately make the holes and output wiring, otherwise after installation it will be very difficult to do.
- heads mounting screws must be utaplivat in drywall so that in the future, at Paint - Finishing work, their protruding edges prevents you.
Our advice - After mounting, carry out on-site self-tapping metal spatula.Speakers head screws will cling to it, tighten them.
last stage of installation - marking
continue installation, duplex plasterboard ceilings are composed of several parts positioned at different heights.Our design idea is a recessed central part with some shaped frame.This is the frame we are going to mount.
- Our second part is lower than the first, so we need to step back from it down to the distance that we have planned.
- necessary to fix around the perimeter of the profile, as in the first case.
- The difference is that now we have a completely flat surface on which we have to make a start ..
- Therefore, we do not need the level mark can be done with the building polygon.
- Once a mark made and held the line, drill holes and fasten the perimeter profile UD.
- On the surface, draw a picture of the first level, according to our drawing.This is useful when metered surface.
Profile - design and mounting
considering the installation of two-level ceiling of plasterboard, a photo or video of this process, it is possible to understand that without the bent profile of this issue is necessary.
- profile used for the halo pattern is strictly necessary to bend the drawing.
- How bend profile, described in detail on our website, so we will not repeat our regular readers are already familiar with it.
The only thing that you need to add, attached in this case he will directly cover the top of the first level.
- Not in any way do not expect that the screws twisted into drywall, will keep the weight of the second level.
- Spun they need directly into the frame of the first level.That can come in handy when the ribs.
- arranging the ribs of the first level and knowing the location of the second bearing elements, it can be quite successful the first place so that they are fulfilling their role, also serves as a mount for the shaped elements of the second level.
- Installation ribs on the second level is required.
- After the installation of the frame, you can begin to trim its plasterboard.
- Plating is performed in the same way as in the first case, and the problems with it not occur.Remember, as in the previous level, about the wiring.
installation and everything else
Describing the two-level ceiling of plasterboard, installation, basic fastening methods and materials we have not mentioned how to bend a sheet of plasterboard.We did this not because of ignorance or forgetfulness, and for the reason that the statement on the issue as described in some detail in the pages of our site as jointing gypsum board, plaster and paint.
reviewing the recommendations of the structures on the device with your hands, it should be noted that this is only the basic principles and directions.Each ceiling requires an individual approach, but the basic principles of work on this issue overall.
Just on our website you can learn about how to set two-level ceilings.
fun and comfort to your home!