multilevel ceilings made of plasterboard can sometimes help with the design of the plane space.This can be felt especially in old buildings, where there is plumbing outlets in the room.
This design will hide it and and will help to formalize and beautiful plane.And where there are a lot of bumps and output elements that prevent registration, can be in a room and establish a three-tiered plasterboard.
In this article we look at the most occurring the design is two tiered plasterboard.You can view photos and videos on the topic, select the desired design.
First, you should determine the number of levels.It can also affect fluctuations of the reference plane and the number of elements that should be hidden.
You will be given full and step by step instructions for carrying out these works.That's all you can do with your own hands than to reduce the cost of doing the work.
It's not as difficult as it might seem at first glance.But i
Tools and materials
Before starting work, you need to acquire the necessary materials and tools .After the start I will not have time to run and buy more.So
- to perform wiring channels need to buy a range of grinders and shears for metal;
- 'll have to cut sheets of material, this would require a straight rail and a sharp knife;
- need and a hacksaw with fine teeth, it will not tear the sheet during cutting;
- for fixing the profile to the surface will need to punch and expansion;
- for processing edges of the cut, get a plane or a rasp;
- to perform bend drywall buy needle roller;
- to determine the correct plane need Nylon thread and fishing line.
As you can see, most of the tools exists in any economy.
Preparation and assembly of the frame
double plasterboard ceilings begins with drawing drawing, surface preparation and installation frame.
So, to start doing inspection:
- not evenness we are not particularly interested in the survey.Note the cracks.
To see better, and do not miss the first whitewash washed off and make inspection;
- by no more cracks can be ignored if there is deep, then they should be increased to a width of at least 5 mm and diamonds and then putty.Break their will chisel and a hammer;
- See also damaging fungus.If they are available, then the base surface must be treated with the help of antiseptics, which are commercially available.
It should be performed a couple of times.The liquid should be a good soak the affected area;
- After that we need to make a drawing on a piece of paper and move it to the plane of the ceiling.The first level should be marked by a solid line, and the second to put the dotted line;
Now we see that we should be.
Note: If you choose to place an additional insulation, then you should take this into account when marking.
Remember, the material should not be pressed sheets and deformed.It should be fastened firmly, but not deformed.
Now we need to make the frame (sm.Karkas ceiling plasterboard - all the little things or little things do not happen.).It will be located on the entire structure and is installed correctly and will depend on the whole look.
There should not be allowed deviations, everything will be clear at the end of work.Therefore they are related to the work with full responsibility.
2 tier ceiling of plasterboard can be mounted on a metal profile, or choose some wooden structure.
Warning: If you decide to apply for a skeleton wooden beams, then give preference to a material with a cross section 50/50.Just bring it to the mounting location for the day and treat with antiseptics.
This facility will extend the service life of the structure.Protect against the formation of mold and rot.
- Now do the layout of the reference plane.To do this we need to find the lowest level in the room and on this place put a mark.
was added to the height of the beam profile or the same, put a mark.This level weekdays finding the plane;
- Now we need to move on this dimension the other walls.For this purpose we use gidravlichesuy level.
It is most accurately will perform this work.Buy it for yourself or make;
- We transfer size of other wall and then connect all the points.To do this it is best to use nylon thread.
She just bounces line that connects all the dots.Now we have completely marked by the level of accommodation design;
- measures the length and cut to size profile UD.Trim the workpiece can be using the grinder and cut-off wheel or metal shears.
If you use a timber, then use a hacksaw on wood;
- After pruning crepe.With wooden plane, enough connections are made with screws.
If the surface of the concrete, then you should use the hammer.To do this, make a hole in the wall and perform fixation with screws.
Warning: When you do not use mounting kits dowels.Buy these products individually.Get
dummy plugs.After that, take retail screws.Their diameter must be a couple of mm smaller than the cross-section of the pacifier.It is such a compound will tender mounting rigidity.
- thus makes mounting profile around the perimeter of the room.When working place strictly according to the profile of the line which carried for the first level;
- Now we have to do the layout for the main load-bearing guides.They should be mounted at a distance of about 1250 mm.It was this size is in the middle of the sheet;
Warning: When marking should be aware of one piece.The profile should be located not only at the middle of the sheet, but also on the spot joining elements.
Aweigh not permitted execution compound.Therefore, all should vymeryat accurately.
- Ceilings plasterboard 2 tier continue to make and fasten the profile of the guide to the frame (see: How do make a two-level ceiling of plasterboard with their hands).We cut it into the desired size and make the connection as described earlier.
Just do not make the connection in the butt.We must not put a big gap.
It can save you from some trouble with the expansion of the material;
- must now attach hangers to perform this markup.With their help, we will adjust the level of the plane.
distance between the mounting points to be of the order of 70-80 cm;
- Then insert the guide in the suspension and make the connection at two points.Self-tapping screws;
- Do not forget that the distance between the longitudinal profile of the mounting should be 40 cm. Transverse size can be increased up to 50-60 cm.
Warning: Carefully expose the horizontal placement of the profile.To accurately perform this work is to consolidate the line at the extreme elements on it and do the adjustment elements.
This will facilitate the work and give it the opportunity to qualitatively
- Connection guide made using crabs.They can make the design of longer and increase the rigidity of the connection.
To increase strength, you can use another method.A compound with the carrier profile should be performed using two profiles.
Mounting is performed on metal screws should be applied two elements, it will avoid the backlash.This work is more complex, but no less efficient to;
Warning: plasterboard level 2 can be done efficiently, only when properly made plane.
So do not hurry.Check the levelness of the elements.After installing the sheets it is difficult to correct, and sometimes not possible.
installation frame of the first level we spent correctly.
Make the wiring for lighting
double plasterboard ceilings need to be equipped with lighting, it now will hold the cable.To start
define a place to connect, here we will have to install a junction box.It will approach her and cable.
Note: Keep in mind when choosing a place to connect that to this point should be easily accessible.Having trouble you will have no problems to get here and fix the problem.
So choose the place properly.It should not strike the eye, and at the same time and be available.
- found a place, set the junction box;
- the ceiling mark the attachment point lighting;
- Making channels for supplying wire;
- Fasten wire;
Warning: Pi making connections is better to apply terminal blocks.They will provide the required reliability of fastening.
Avoid twists, you should make the most efficient connection and to protect themselves.It should be remembered that the damage will be limited access to the structure.
therefore do everything efficiently and reliably.Before the start of doing the work required to turn off the power on this site.
- points in placing lamps (sm.Potolochnye fixtures in the interior - an overview) do release the wire from the reserve, we still have to consider that it will be necessary to connect nutrients for that, too need a cable;
- Now connect the lighting and look light distribution.Heed this issue until you can customize.
After installing the sheets it will be quite difficult;
If you are satisfied with the distribution of light, then disable the line again and continue to perform light work.
2 level plasterboard need to sheathe sheets from the first level.After installing the wiring frame and you have the time for fixing the insulation and sheathing of the first-tier structure.
Sheathing first tier
We present the principle of connections.It is neither the first level.Not for a second.
- This work will perform best to start from the corner of the room where the window is located.In this place it will be right in the plane of the incident light, and we will see it's not finalized.
After all, with the right light you can see all the flaws and fix them;
- starting to make the connection.I repeat, this is done on the first level.
He's applied to the ceiling in a solid line.For mounting use screws for metal;
- making the connection, make sure that the screw came exactly perpendicular to the plane of .If it went wrong, do not attach to the same location.It is necessary to step back a couple of
see and connect to the new.The cap element should be reduced below the level of the plane for a couple of mm.After installing
plane is filler and the hole will not be visible;
- sheets of drywall should not attaches close to each other.Between them should leave a gap on the order of 5 mm.
before installing it is necessary to chamfer the front part of the material.It should be up to 5 mm.
After fixing the plane to be processed putty and this will give a more rigid and reliable connection.Do not just press the sheet to the wall, do not a big gap;
- In the process, we need to cut the material.To do this, prepare a flat surface, it is best suited table.
Apply a sheet cutting line with a pencil.Apply a smooth straight bar and swipe through the knife.
Then move the cut line from the table by 5 mm Th.Attach the bar line.
Press sharply on not desired strontium material.Breakdown will be put right on the line.
After this process should be a line cut plane and chamfer.The material can be fixed;
makes the second level
now look at how to make the second level of the ceiling of plasterboard.After the first installation, you can proceed to the second.
Installation of all elements is made, as in the first, but there is little the features.
- to start doing the layout of the second level on the wall.On the ceiling we have spent eating the dotted line.
Only this should be done very carefully.After the installation will be visible to all not exactly.
So do not hurry up and have to do everything carefully;
- Take grinder or metal shears and cut the perforated profilCD to the desired size.According to the made marking makes attaching second-level profile as specified above;
- Now execute mount Profile UD.The configuration can be quite different.
It all depends on the chosen pattern.Many use the radius;
Note: The radii of plasterboard is not necessary to do advance.After setting the plane of the second level this can be done more accurately and thus to be no problems.
- Profile Installation should be carried out some details of the work, for example, if you decide to make the step to be 10 cm. Then it is necessary to cut the profile CD with a length of 9.5 cm. That is less.Mounted in the vertical position on the guide radius;
- makes a bend corner under the bottom rail and connect to the profile.Make pruning according to the radius .All
done by carrying frame plane, which is already fixed to the wall.
- Cropped profile of the CD in the desired size and perform the connection area and the profile of the guide;
- After that we have to do according to the fixed casing profile plasterboard.This is accomplished as described above.
Warning: When you bend the drywall, you will need to do range.
It has a detailed article on our site.Read before doing.
Double plasterboard sdelan.Teper we need to perform finishing.
As you can see, it's not such a difficult rabota.V her performance should be just be very careful.
This scheme can make as many levels as required.Remember, every deviation in the marking of one cm, can result in a 5 cm when mounting the sheets on the plane.
So take your time and do everything efficiently.
Just on our website you can learn about how to make split-level ceilings.