Spotlights can be mounted in any hollow structure, and what are the suspended ceilings.In between the ceiling and the base it is always a space that allows you to produce wiring harness and install lighting fixtures, leaving only the mind the decorative part of the luminaire.
Actually installing ceiling lights - it's not difficult, but it is preceded by a variety of activities related to the supply of power to each lamp, device attachment points etc .This was and is necessary to talk in more detail.
As a rule, the decision to spotlight the device received before the installation of suspended ceiling frame (see. How to make a false ceiling plasterboard, basic techniques and technology installation), since it is necessary to take into account the height of the embedded fittings fixtures.Based on their size, calculated the minimum possible suspension indentation (tension) from the base of the ceiling foundation.
If you do not, then the height of the ceiling void may not allow incorpo
Council.If you are unable to pre-purchase the selected fixtures to cater to their dimensions in the suspended ceiling, then find a description on the Internet or clear all the dimensions of a sample in the store.
1. Decide on the location and number of spotlights, their power.
reference.The amount depends on the size of the room and the power of each lamp.A single lamp power of 35 W per 1 sq.m.Square or two lamps 50 W each 3 sq.m.If you plan recessed ceiling lights crystal with several smaller power, guided by the total power of the lamp.
2. Prepare tools and materials: screwdriver, pliers, a knife assembly, drill, terminal and junction boxes, specified lengths, etc.
3. Mount the junction boxes on each luminaire group.They must be located in easily accessible places - in service, you may need access to the box.
4. From boxes of the wires to the points where the lamps will be installed overhead.Pull wires through the corrugated pipe to prevent any damage and contact with the metal parts of the carcass ceiling.Each piece of wire make 20-30 cm longer than required for ease of installation of fixtures.
5. Mounting ceiling lights fitted with bulbs of 12 volts, require the installation of equipment down - transformer, the power of which must be greater than or equal to the total capacity of all lamps .Power 220 is supplied to the input of the transformer, and is connected to the output of the cable going to the lamps.
Council.The location of the transformer near the installation, select the first fixture to have access to it through the mounting hole.
device mounting hole in suspended ceilings
set of tools required to cut holes for the lights, depending on the material of the ceiling:
- For structures made of wood or plasterboard - the crown of the tree with the center drill and drill.If not, the drywall can make a hole in the usual knife, and the tree - a jigsaw or saber saw.
- To install crystal lamps ceiling in rack or cassette ceiling, require metal shears and circular saws for metal.
holes in the false ceiling of plasterboard made after its installation (see. How to make plasterboard with lighting: Installation Instructions), but before finishing.It will not get there on the frame.Not to be mistaken with the location of the holes, it is necessary to have a precise plan, which contains the installation point downlights.
Council.Make mounting holes in the suspended ceilings more comfortable during its assembly: reaching the installation site, make a hole in the next rack, then attach it in place.
size and shape of the hole should be such that the lamp belonged to it tightly enough, and it is facing the edge of the hole is closed.
Preparatory work for the installation of fixtures in the ceilings
about how to install ceiling light in the suspended ceiling should be discussed separately.Making holes in a film you do not have to - it will be engaged professionals. your task will be the same device for mounting on a basic ceiling lamps as plastic film simply can not support the weight of fixtures .There
acrylic mounting boxes, which are attached to the main surface.These special screws are fixed and adjustable height setting rings.
These rings can be fixed with the help of direct hangers for drywall, metal punched tape or other rigid material.
Mounting recessed luminaires
Taking a hole in the ceiling, pull through it to the outside end of the cable.Further action is to install the lamp depends on its design.
- often decorative crystal ceiling lights are arranged so that the cartridge is attached to them rigidly to the body.In this case, the wires connected to the lamp via a cable tube, whereupon it is inserted into the insertion hole.For this spring clamps on the housing diverted up and release in the ceiling void.Installation of fixtures on the ceiling completes the installation of the lamps in it (see. Ceiling fixtures for the bathroom: types and installation).
Attention!If the lamp halogen lamps are provided, they should be screwed by means of a special device, avoid touching them with bare hands.
- There spotlights, which is connected to the cartridge housing a lead of two wires.Typically, this ceiling lamps with conical crystal LEDs.To install, you must first connect the wires to the cable via the terminals, and then fixed in the ceiling fixture with a lamp through the expander spring latch, and only then insert the cartridge into the lamp itself.The last stage - fixing the lamp into the mounting hole.
- easiest way to being installed in a ceiling lamp if it is equipped with a lamp on the pedestal E. holders of such lamps are equipped with screw terminals, so you only have to clean up the ends of the cable, connect them to a lamp and set it in place.
The installation built spotlights is not difficult, if all preparations have been made accurately and efficiently.In the absence of experience in their best left to professionals, especially the part that is related to the electrical device.