make quality wooden ceiling in the country or in the home - quite simply.This effort produced a relatively small, but the final result (if you did everything correctly) - above all praise.
In this article we describe the main varieties of wood ceilings, as well as describe the technology of self-headlining timber.
few words on the wooden ceilings
Types of wood ceilings
Today, the most popular design ceilings of wood is called wood ceiling podshivnoy .The ceiling of this type is called podshivnoy because wood panels like "filed" are attached to the ceiling below.
most common wood ceilings are settling in houses with wooden beams, but sometimes the wooden ceiling can be found in the house with concrete ceilings.
from wood ceilings made of several technologies:
- boarded ceiling or lining Lining .The most common type boarded wooden ceilings, which, thanks to the simplicity of installation fond of many masters.
For the construction of theceiling used board-lining of different kinds of wood: pine, linden, oak, etc.
boards are attached to the frame on the ceiling, and are joined on a "thorn in the groove".
- boarded ceiling panels .According to the principle of the design of the ceiling panels look like a ceiling, leather lining attached to the frame but not the individual board and the whole ceiling panels.
Decorative ceilings of wood, built on the principle of a panel, assembled from wooden panels, wood veneer pasted outside of expensive breeds.
- podshivnoy embossed ceiling made from crushed timber .For this rectangular split along the wood, and then the smooth side is attached to the frame.
Chipped wood, facing into the room, creating a unique pattern.
- Beamed ceiling - it is a separate species ceilings collected from the special box modules - caissons.Coffered ceilings are the most difficult to manufacture, but at the same time - the most spectacular.
Advantages and disadvantages of wooden ceilings
ceilings of wood, made the sweat of a technology, share a number of advantages:
- With proper care wood ceiling quite durable.He nemarok, resistant to external influences and mounted ceiling structure once you do not have to regularly bring it in order.
- Through the use of natural materials, wood-paneled ceiling or lining harmless.Generally, for the impregnation of wood and do not contain toxic substances.
- ceilings of wood have good heat and sound insulating performance.
- Well, finally - simply beautiful wooden ceilings, with a special, natural beauty.So before you paint the wooden ceiling, think - and perhaps should just treat the wood with varnish?
Despite such impressive feature list, such ceilings do have a number of disadvantages:
- wooden ceiling is subject to degradation caused by beetles, wood borers and fungi, and it must be treated with special protective structures.
- dry tree to survive in the ceiling are well lit, and therefore a ceiling of wood rather fire hazard.Consequently, the wood of the ceiling should be further processed and flame-retardant mixture.
However, aware of these shortcomings, you will be able to take measures to prevent adverse effects.
Another disadvantage ceilings of wood, you can not take them to the lowest cost.But here you have the opportunity to save considerably by following the installation of the ceiling with his hands.
assembling wooden ceiling
Preparation and frame
If you decide to mount a ceiling made of wooden panels or boards, then we must begin with the preparation of the ceiling:
- Before mounting frame ceilings cleanse, removing allremnants of the old finish.
- if necessary - Equips waterproofing the top floors as wooden ceiling is quite sensitive to waterlogging.
- If the ceiling is made of wood - processing it ognebiozaschitnym material.
When overlapping cleaned and prepared, proceed to the installation of the frame under the wooden paneling:
- be marked on the floor on which in the future will strengthen the frame.Step markup is determined by the size of the material, which we will bind the ceiling - wall paneling or veneered panels.
- frame make of the boards 30x30 mm.It is advisable to soak the boards before installation frame varnish or other structure that protects against waterlogging and swelling.
Beam frame should be fixed in the same plane.If you want to align the framework for the boards can tamp wooden or plastic mounting wedges.
- Bars fasten to the ceiling turbovintami or plugs with a metal sleeve.
- After fastening once again check the plane of the frame, if necessary, adjusting the screws fasteners.
final stage - lining frame wood clapboard or veneered panels.
- cladding material in the trimmed size.
- panel or board are putting to the frame, and nails to fix the hidden fasteners on the uneven bars.To cover or lining is securely held, a nail hammered into the groove not vertically but at an angle.
- In areas with special load further fix the battens with screws.Cap screws partially recessed into the wood, and then - mask out.
joints between panels or lining is to do with a small degree of freedom - this makes it possible to carry the ceiling temperature deformation without causing blistering and cracking.
final stage of work on the installation of a wooden ceiling - is its steep protective structure (again!) And then - varnished.
Paint wooden ceiling is also possible, but this ceiling itself is making the most of cheap raw materials (all the same color will hide the texture) and the joints between the boards must be carefully proshpaklevat.
As technology described in this article, make wooden ceiling in the kitchen, in the bedroom, living room or hall will not be difficult.And even if you've never worked with wood - follow these tips, and all you get!