Rack ceiling is becoming increasingly popular.Why this design is in high demand?Does it have significant shortcomings?How to carry out installation of the rack suspended ceiling with his hands?Let's deal.
What is it?
Before us is a typical suspension structure.Material - Aluminum.To the dirty ceiling - either directly or with the use of suspensions - mounted installation combs;They cling thereto slats - aluminum profiles length of 3-5 meters and a width of usually 10 centimeters.
what types there are suspended ceilings?
Installation distinguish ceilings:
- Closed type .Reiki are mounted close to each other without clearance.
- Suspended ceilings open- involve mounting rails at intervals;usually they are closed inserts.And the colors of decorative inserts and rails themselves do not necessarily have to be the same: the use of contrasting colors enliven the ceiling.However, the gap may remain and open.
There are two basic forms:
- German design involves rails distinct angles;
- Reiki Italian design, in contrast, have rounded edges.
Depending on the type of rails are distinguished:
- Smooth ceilings .The entire surface of the monolithic (excepting, of course, the seams between the panels).
- Perforated ceilings .Perforation in rail is needed not only and not for decorative purposes: it facilitates ventilation, allowing no output ventkanal below the ceiling.
Please note that the use of such a scheme in the kitchen with a gas stove means that the perforation strips will quite quickly become clogged with soot.
theoretically rack ceiling can be painted in absolutely any color. In practice, however, especially popular:
- Chrome (mirror surface).
history in Russia
first suspended ceilings appeared in the country in the early nineties.They are imported, primarily from Germany;in conjunction with the German customs duty rates we made the decision not to democratic price.
However, the Russian domestic market since the mid-nineties began to receive food from their own production.Prices plummeted.
So far, several companies have already managed to establish itself as a fully worthy of manufacturers: production plants Albes, Bard and Lyumsvet sellers can safely recommend to customers without fear of criticism on the quality of ceiling systems.
So still - is mounted at home rack ceiling?Or is it better to choose one of the alternative designs?
himself look rack ceiling implies its use is not in the living rooms and in bathrooms, toilets, kitchens and corridors.No, some no contraindications, dealing exclusively in the design of solutions.Bedroom with it is a bit uncomfortable.
From this perspective, and consider the merits and faults structure.
- Like all suspended ceilings, lath able to hide absolutely any irregularities and defects overlap.Even if the plates are stacked hardworking and friendly builders with a difference of 10 cm, after mounting rack design that no one will notice.
- Recall rack ceiling material - aluminum.Its corrosion resistance is absolute: in a humid environment, it feels exactly the same as in a dry environment.
Nuance: but the tires ceilings may be made not only of aluminum and steel.Fortunately, most of all - protected corrosion-resistant coating.
- Scuttled top rack ceiling does not fear .Aluminum, remember?He simply wipe with a damp cloth with any cleaning agent.Of course, in addition to abrasive: scratching the chrome or gold surface easily.
- Fire safety is also at .You understand that the environment in which aluminum is lit achievable except near the epicenter of a nuclear explosion.I think that if such a situation arises - burning ceiling no upset.
- And ecological okay .Harmful substances aluminum again can release only during combustion, when, you know, it does not bother attending.
- Finally, the service life of aluminum suspended ceilings in theory limited to only one factor: the ability to overlap keep him .That is, the ceiling will exist as long as the house stands.Repeated repairs are needed.
- general problem of false ceilings - reducing the height of the room - fully applies to the Rack-ceiling.
- Unlike PVC stretch ceiling film, rack ceiling does not protect the room from flooding.All water will be on the floor.However, the lack of it can be called very conditional.
So, the choice is made.How to mount hanging suspended ceilings?
For installation of suspended ceilings in general requires minimum surface preparation ceiling.
- Those layers of plaster to peel off, it is best to remove.Operation optional: the strength of the aluminum ceiling allows survive the fall relatively heavy layers without consequences.
- If the ceiling is mounted in a humid environment, it is advisable to handle the rough ceiling antiseptic primer.In his role can perform any chlorine-containing cleaning fluid;but preferably a dedicated ground.
He not only destroys the fungus on the ceiling, but it will prevent the emergence in the future.Why do we need this operation, if the fungus is not?Do not forget to: harness design dramatically worsen ventilation under the floor.Thus, for mold at high humidity will create all conditions.
Preparation tools and materials
- Actually rail (panel) ceiling;
- guiding profile;
- Screws with plastic dowels;
Important: want to warn against the use of wood in wet areas Chopik.Over time, they may dry out and fall off.
- Water level and paint cord or laser level;
- Tin snips or, better, a Bulgarian with a circle of metal.
How to mount suspended rack ceiling?Let's start with the beat level.
- Mark up by means of water-level mark, which will be lower than the ceiling in the rough 15-20 centimeters.Slugger horizon masking cord.In large rooms where it is more convenient laser level.
- Fasten on the horizon marked on the wall guiding profile.Standard strap length - 3 meters;if necessary, it is easy to cut.You can do the scissors on metal, but Bulgarian guaranteed not to deform the profile of the cutting.
pitch attachment points - 50-60 centimeters.After installation better check again horizontal profile level.
- Customizing profiles on the corners of a millimeter in millimeter is not necessary.Cut strips the size of a straight section of the wall.Overlap the corners still hidden strips.
- meter increments the level of the guide profile from wall to wall stretched skin.Direction - perpendicular to the rails.Threads should be tensioned exactly parallel to each other.
- then on a string is attached to the ceiling mounts, adhering to the following distances: from suspension to suspension distance should be no more than 1.2 meters;Far from the suspension to the wall - no more than 30 centimeters.Do not forget: traverses should be at such a height that attached to them entered the trim panel profile.
Note: If the ceiling height drops without traverse and can be mounted directly to overlap without suspensions.In this case, we lose only 5 cm height of the room.Of course, this is fixed at an appropriate height and a guide (trim) profile.
- Re-stretch the thread, perpendicular to the lines already suspensions.Using them as a benchmark height mount traverse.Of course, if necessary, they are cut.
frame is ready, you can proceed to the next phase of the assembly.
How to mount rack ceiling at this stage?
snaps into the grooves of the first wall panel.Between it and the wall will remain a certain distance;panel which closes the clearance should be cut across the width.How to do it in order not to warp the metal?After about half a millimeter thick panel made of soft aluminum is easily deformed ...
- mark the desired width of the panel, spend some times sharp cutter along the cut line.Deepening almost penetrate through the panel.
- on the part of the panel, which will go to waste, make cuts to the incised lines at intervals of about thirty centimeters.
- alternately bending back areas up - down, break off one by one.
- Insert the trimmed panel trim profile and snap on the traverse.
Then everything in general, is simple.The panels are mounted on the entire length of the room;reaching the opposite wall, again repeat the operation at the trim panel.
If after unpacking racks you do not understand the method of their attachment to the traverse - see installation showing suspended suspended ceilings video at the end.
- aluminum frame often Suspension kit, allows you to adjust the level of the traverse after installation.Steel posted as well as profiles for drywall.
- Hole lamp cut ordinary knife.In order not to warp the ceiling, it is best to do this is not in place, and on a hard surface, removing the pre-marked rails (see. Ceiling lamp with his hands - the designer himself)
Conclusion As you can see, mounting rack and pinion design is simple and overIt does not require any special skills.Again: if you were some strange moments in how to perform installation of slatted ceilings - video at the end of the article can be clarified.Success in repairs!