In this article we look at the materials from which collected suspended ceilings in the hall, the kitchen and the bathroom.We are interested, of course, and the subtleties of installation.How any sophisticated tools and equipment to create a suspended structures are not required, which distinguishes them from the suspended ceilings.
We begin, however, with the consideration of alternatives.What are, in principle, there are ceilings?Let's try to list the main ways to clean up the surface of the head.
- Painting (cm. Paint the ceiling of plasterboard: User).It falls into this category and the traditional whitewashed with lime, and the use of all sorts of water-based paints, and more modern and resistant dyes are synthetic based.
- method is good for flat ceilings.However, if the overlap has large height differences or serious defects, surface preparation can be a very time-consuming.
- ceiling wallpaper conceal small cracks and potholes;However, the appearance of such a solution is not always attractive.In addition, in case of flooding from the top wallpapers inevitably suffer.
- Finishing the ceiling stuck on the surface of the tile of expanded polystyrene came into vogue some twenty years ago and still not give up its position.The method is very simple and does not require any significant costs.However, in terms of aesthetics, it is not the best.
- Stretch ceilings are increasingly popular with the fall in their prices.Decision convenient in many respects;The disadvantage is a low mechanical strength.Stretch ceiling can be damaged by hitting it with any sharp object.
Note: This applies primarily to the PVC films.Stretch ceilings of synthetic fabrics are extremely durable.
- Finally, hinged (or suspended) ceilings.Decorative cover is mounted to a batten - rigid frame, which is attached directly to the rough ceiling or separated from it by a distance.
main drawback of solutions - all kinds of false ceilings reduce the height of the room.At least four to five centimeters.
main advantage - they can hide any defects overlap.In addition, almost anyone afford to mount a ceiling mounted their own hands.
himself false ceiling mounting method involves pre-installation of rigid frame to which is attached a decorative coating.What may come as such a framework?
wooden crate - a reasonable choice for the hall or bedroom.If the room temperature is stable and the humidity is low - the tree does not create any problems for the foreseeable future.
But in the bathroom or in the kitchen assembling wooden frame for any suspended structure would be a mistake: wood is rotting, not only at high humidity.The bar is also deformed, which, of course, will affect the appearance of the ceiling.
Galvanized profiles for gypsum board
But the profile of galvanized steel, designed for plasterboard ceilings, is suitable not only in the room with dry air, but in the bathroom, the kitchen or in the pool room.Of course, the decorative coating material should also not be hygroscopic.
Many ceiling systems are supplied by the manufacturer as a complete solution.For example, Armstrong suspended ceilings can be purchased along with a set of profiles specifically for this type of ceiling (cm. Ceiling tiles Armstrong options and features) line trim, rails and transverse rails standard sizes.
course, possible misuse of such profile.On this basis it can be mounted not only hanging ceilings Armstrong: any panel of the same size will fall perfectly into the cell frame.
And what with the surface?What materials can be used to create it?
It is because it is most often created by ceiling mounted their own hands.We can not say that in front of us is the easiest to process material;However, drywall construction allows you to create virtually unlimited complexity (see. Ceiling drywall: types and characteristics of the installation).They can be made curved and tiered structures;In addition, stretch and suspended ceilings made of plasterboard can be combined in the same room.Part of the frame is used to pull the web of fabric or PVC film.
Design false ceilings of gypsum board often includes a variety of lamps and lighting system hidden.Especially advantageous it looks glossy stretch ceiling illuminated the perimeter hidden in niches plasterboard boxes LED tapes.In addition to aesthetics, the design makes the ceiling visually higher.
What subtleties to consider when installing?
- Crate going to either a cell 60x60 centimeters, or from the longitudinal length of the sheet profile with a pitch of 40 cm.
- Both edges of adjacent sheets should be attached to a single profile.In the case of the longitudinal section of the profile batten stitched to the free edge of the first sheet, and then the next sheet screwed together.
- between sheets should leave clearance of a few millimeters, which is filled with plaster.
- seams are glued before painting mesh-serpyanka.Applicable banding and paper tape.These measures help to avoid the appearance of cracks.
- to bend a sheet of drywall with a large radius, it is soaked with water.For bends with a small radius cuts are made on the outer surface.
If you want to see how the installed plasterboard false ceilings with their hands (see. Suspended ceilings in the bathroom: Installation Instructions) - video is easy to find online.
Conventional wall panels made of PVC can also be a wonderful ceiling coating (see. How to make a ceiling panels PVC).They do not allow you to create complex structures such as drywall;color, however, may be combined in any combination.
most popular uses this solution in wet areas: PVC panels are not afraid of moisture or splashing and easy to clean.Even on top of the flooding can cause the ceiling of them any harm: it will be enough just wipe with a cloth dried up drips - and ceiling again in perfect condition.
In dry areas of the ceiling panels filing possible, and the wooden crate;used exclusively in wet galvanized profile.Reiki profile panels are mounted perpendicular.Step - no more than 60 centimeters, or ceiling may sag.
Important: with ceilings of PVC should not be used bright lights with incandescent and galogenki.Do not forget that the material is afraid of high temperatures.
not entirely correct to treat them in the section of decorative coatings as rack suspended ceilings provide a comprehensive solution.Special profiles chasers are mounted to the ceiling suspended or direct to overlap;Racks attached to the grooves therein.
As the material along with the polyvinyl chloride is aluminum.Both materials are suitable when using a skeleton staff, and dry and wet areas.It should be noted that the metal rack ceiling - the decision is almost eternal: its life in the theory is not limited by anything.
Design false ceiling of this type can be quite complex, but primarily through a combination of panels of different colors: curved surfaces - not his strong point.
If you are interested in the subtleties of how going to rack mounted ceiling with his hands - the video again searched the Internet for a few minutes.
used when this mounting frame has been affected by us in the appropriate section.What material panels?
- gypsum board on the basis of tissue - cost-effective solution with excellent acoustic characteristics .They practically do not give reflections of acoustic vibrations;it is their property - a huge plus for the concert hall or theater.House panel will provide such protection from noisy neighbors.
- boards based on mineral fibers more resistant to damp environment;however, for this material to use bathrooms still not worth it.
- glass panels can be printed or simply dull.The ceiling is made of glass are often hidden behind it is illuminated lamps.Glass ceiling, by the way, can be created not only on the basis of types of cluster design: wooden crates with frosted glass look very impressive.
- main problem of silicate glass ceiling - the fragility of panels: wrong move when carrying dimensional object - and the room littered with shrapnel.
- panels of Plexiglas are deprived of the drawbacks described above;this cost is less resistance to high temperature.Application of them incandescent and halogen fixtures - a dubious idea.
- Finally, the metal panels.They can keep the original color of the aluminum can be painted, made mirror or perforated.Before us is another solution with an unlimited service life.
The cost was not prohibitive due to the low weight of the panels: every thickness of only 0.5 millimeters.If so - small metal consumption.
about how mounted cassette suspended ceilings - video at the end.
Conclusion This article does not claim to be complete coverage of all possible solutions.Constantly there are new materials and new design ideas;but the idea of the possibilities we have suspended structures.As you can see by viewing the attached video - suspended ceilings are installed simply enough.Success in repairs!