ceiling drywall finishing options, there are many.This can be quite a simple construction, made in a single plane, and complex layered structures backlit.Consider how to mount plasterboard in the event that all of the work is scheduled to perform on their own.For beginners, of course, is to start with a simple finish options, and learn the basics, you can take and execution of complex projects.
ceiling, leather sheets of plasterboard, has many advantages.The surface turns flat and smooth, no need to spend a lot of time to carry out plastering work to eliminate irregularities and cracks.This ceiling allows successfully hide various communications - wiring, ducts, etc..
With gypsum board can realize a variety of design options.In addition, almost every handyman who knows how to handle the hammer and screwdriver, can carry out installation of the ceiling of plasterboard with their hands.
Tools and materials
So, to carry out installation of plasterboard ceilings, need to prepare a specific set of tools and materials.
need to work:
- Profile UD , sometimes referred to as the starting profile or perimeter.This profile will be fixed in places where the ceiling is in contact with the walls.
- Profile CD (guides, basic profile).Mounted along the length of loose-leaf sheets tend to move the location of the profile of 40 cm.
- Mounts CD Profile (suspension, spacers) - special parts for fixing the basic profile.It is used in cases where it is planned to carry out installation of ceilings so that the new coating has been omitted with respect to the floor slab up to a maximum of 12 cm. If you want to lower the ceiling below, uses special spring suspensions, with which you can make the ceiling below even a meter.
Tip!Suspensions sell unfolded during the installation of flex so that they acquired U-shaped.After fixing profiles, the free ends of the suspensions be bent or cut.
course, installation of drywall ceilings can not be done without the use of anchors.To fix the starting profile and suspension block its use dowel-nails or screws, and guiding profile attached to the suspension by means of screws.
Tip!When mounting the starting profile spacing of the anchors should be about 50 cm of suspension for mounting CD profile is set in increments of 1 meter.
course, need to be themselves sheets of drywall.This material is available in a large range.It is generally recommended to choose thick sheets of 9.5 or 12.5 mm.
In some cases, it is recommended to use a water-resistant drywall.This option is ideal for finishing the kitchen or bathroom. Even waterproof material does not save you from the "Flood" from the top.
If the neighbors tend to forget to close the faucet, you should choose another option of finishing.Since after the water leakage only option is dismantling the ceiling and complete overhauls repairs.
required number of materials can be determined by reading the article by calculation of the ceiling of plasterboard: what and how much to buy.
consider how the installation of ceiling plasterboard with their hands in stages.Whatever the design of the ceiling was not conceived in the first stage is mounted simple single-level structure - a framework for a ceiling of plasterboard, and then based on it, you can perform a more complex finish.
To perform the installation of plasterboard ceilings, you need to markup.
- First you need to fight off the level on all the walls of the room.The most convenient, measure the level at eye level, and then from the intended line to measure the distance to the location of the perimeter.
- line level must be measured out using a leveling - hydraulic or laser.It is important to mark the location of the starting level, as it affects the flatness of the ceiling executed.
- starts drywall ceiling mounting starter profile.It strengthens strictly on the planned line with dowels, nails.
- Next, determine where it will be located Profile CD.To this should be ready Arrangement, as it is important that the joints sheets of drywall (in length) were placed on the profile.Step location profiles - 40 cm.
- As planned lines to the ceiling spacers are fixed, they must be arranged in staggered increments of about one meter.
- Now you can attach themselves profiles, it is important that they are positioned exactly parallel to the line level.
Tip!To make it easier to work with, it should be across the room to pull thread from the perimeter to the perimeter.
- profile attached to the suspension and the starting profile rails are simply inserted.At the interface Profile CD (when necessary capacity to perform in length) using a special connector that is attached to both sides of the profile with screws.
- After all designs will be collected, it should be checked again horizontal design, and then if it is planned to conduct all communications and install attachment for additional items such as chandeliers.
when going plasterboard ceilings - installation more convenient to carry with a partner, but you can cope alone.In this case, it is necessary to prepare a backup made of a timber in the form of the letter T, will be used to hold the sheet as it is not fixed to the suspension.
Here are the basic rules by which the process of mounting plates on the frame:
- hemming sheets can not be close to the wall, you need to leave a gap of 2-3 mm.
- sheets are fastened staggered to the joints do not coincide.To do this, a first row reinforced sheet, and in the second - half sheet.
- used for mounting screws, move the location of fasteners - 20 cm.
- Screws need to tighten so that the cap is flush with the surface of the sheet.It is convenient to use a screwdriver with a fixed insertion depth.
After the installation is completed - the ceiling drywall will need to be finished.Finishing works are grouting (for this purpose special mix) and putty entire surface of the ceiling (see. As putty plasterboard with their hands).
grout is recommended to additionally use a tape made of fiberglass, which is superimposed on the seam, and over it is applied putty composition .After drying putty ceilings can be paint or decorate any other way.
Construction of additional levels
Upon completion of the installation of the base of the ceiling drywall, you can start building the second level.To this base is attached to the frame of the new profile may be used and curved structures.To create a profile bending trimmed with scissors for metal, after which it is given the desired shape.Ready frame is sheathed with plasterboard, both horizontal and vertical.
So, build your own ceiling of gypsum board is not too difficult.The main component of the successful completion of the work - the accuracy of marking, accurate understanding of how to mount the design and accuracy in work.