How easy to understand, seeing the video attached to the article - the alignment of the ceiling plaster with modern materials is much easier than using the traditional cement-sand mixtures.But everywhere there are subtleties in which we try to understand.
begin with lyrical digression.
- the following methods to align the ceiling - this is only a compilation of the experience of a plasterer.It is possible that other skilled craftsmen prefer to do the same job in a different way.No objections will not follow, how many people, so many opinions.
- Application plaster ceilings of wooden houses is practiced, but it seems a rather strange idea.They are the same PVC panels are easy to mount directly to the unfinished ceiling or beams, which deprives the ceiling of the main drawbacks - loss of height of the room due to the sheathing.
In this case the result will be visually at least as good plaster at slightly lower cost of funds and in
Note: yes, wood-beamed ceilings often have a significant bias or irregularities, which leads us to the need for battens.But in such cases, and the thickness of the plaster is such that its fall would be only a matter of time (see. As wooden ceilings).
- Finally, do not forget: apply a layer of plaster thickness of more than five centimeters - not only wasteful, it's dangerous: falling fragments covering the ceiling in this case, caused a lot of troubles.If you do not have much experience of plastering work - it is better to limit the maximum thickness of three centimeters.
If the overlap over your head is noticeable (more than the notorious 3-5 centimeters) Elevations - going to a false ceiling.If the overlap is considerable deviations from the horizontal - suspended ceiling will be our answer to Chamberlain.
- If the ceiling is laid (or have already laid) a lot of communication - to drown them in plaster for at least unwise.Cassette ceiling not only hide the wires, lines and pipes, maintaining an attractive appearance, but also provides easy access to communications at any time without dismantling any structures.
Room preparation and tools
With preparations room is simple: take out all the items that can be taken;that make impossible - sheltering polyethylene.
Important: The electronics make binding, first of all, computers.The dust from the plaster, drywall and other consequences of the construction of quickly and effectively clog the cooling system, leading to rapid wear sleeves fans and overheating of the elements for which high temperatures are harmful.
In general, even in other rooms of the apartment during the renovation to include a PC or laptop is not: dust - volatile substance, and the cooling system is continuously forced through the body a large amount of air.
- galvanized or plastic bucket.The larger volume - the better.15 liters would be a reasonable minimum.
- usual drill with paddle-mixer.If you have a choice - it is better to take a power drill at least 800 watts: weaker when mixing plaster may overheat.
- Trowel.Material - stainless steel.
- plaster falcon.The longer (within the size of the room, of course) - the better.
- Spongy grout.
- metal float (trowel).
- Plaster crest.
- small kirochka.
- few spatulas - usually the most useful sizes of 50, 100 and 200 millimeters.
We will completely withdraw from all of the old panels of overlapping coverage.We must remain cleared on plates with a maximum depth of seams between them.
The best tool for this - hard trowel.Long stick allowed to take it with both hands;Gloves protect hands.
In addition, a few little tricks will ease your task:
- Whitewashing effectively smeared with hot water.
- If even just wet the ceiling is two to three times with water using a roller or spray - dust will be much smaller and separate from the plaster ceiling is much easier.
- enamels, deposited directly on the concrete, watering is useless.If you can not clean off the spatula them, one way out: Use a drill with a brush attachment.Of course, a dust mask and goggles are required.
- repeatedly make it easier to use special washes for old paint: German Pufas or national or Schelkovo Volgograd.
plaster in the joints between the slabs (Rust), rattling and possibly removed.Just place stripped passing through overlaps of risers heating and corners between the ceiling and walls.If the plaster is cracked - we catch the edge of the spatula and remove, and then rattles on.
important point: the affected fungus ceiling necessarily processed primer - antiseptic.They produce the same Pufas and Tikkurila;You can find domestic counterparts.Practices and destruction of the fungus using chlorinated detergent;but they do not provide long-term protection.
Then the seams and deepening about to blow out the pipes with foam.After drying, gently cut off excess foam on the level of overlap.
next step - gluing joints and cracks ribbon - serpyanka.
This is done by:
- Outside of crack or Rust is applied the same plaster (Rotband, Fugenfyuller), which we have to plaster ceiling in the individual;
- serpyanka pressed into plaster, rubbed with a spatula;then the excess plaster removed.
for wide joints is better to use wide strips of plaster nets with a mesh size of about two millimeters.
then the ceiling across the surface of the ground Betonkontaktom or its analogs.
begin with strongly advise: do not chase so that the ceiling was strictly horizontal. better to remove height differences and make it even visually.If you still really want to stand a perfect horizon leveling plaster ceiling - not the best idea: once again draw your attention to the suspension design (see. Also plaster ceiling plasterboard).
you still insist, was born to the horizon, and you want to use for this plaster?
- With the water level get the lowest point of overlap and, using the same level, and mark a line on the walls repel the future ceiling.
- Score directly in the line of cloves or screw the screws into the plastic dowels and tension between the two strands - the benchmark for beacons.Of course, the thread should be taut.
- Secure beacons at intervals of 20 centimeters shorter than the length of your rules.Beacon profiles are mounted on the same plaster - Rotband or Fugenfyuller - which we will be plastered ceiling.At intervals of 30 cm on the ceiling molded blotch, in which the profile is simply pushed to the level of the filaments.
- With more than a centimeter layer of plaster is desirable, and more than 3 - required continuous reinforcement steel mesh.It is attached to the anchors.
- If we restrict production Knauf, Rotband it is better to do a rough alignment, Fugenfyullerom - fine.Between them there is a difference in grain size.
- diluted with water to dry gypsum-based plaster is impossible.Just cook the amount that use up half an hour.
- When applying plaster on a plane guided by beacons and lines on the walls.Caulking, unlike mortar smeared: sketching it is not necessary.
- Rotband applied layer of 5 to 30 mm, Fugenfyuller - from 0.15 to 5 mm.
- mixture is applied with a trowel motion to him and leveled zigzag movements rules.
- Thick layers of plaster handled comb.The next layer is applied after drying of the first.
- After applying the finishing putty ceiling sanded.Grater removed all visible irregularities.Then re-apply penetrating primer.
- While dry plaster and plaster, ventilate the room can not (see. As putty for painting the ceiling: the main stages).
Conclusion As you can see, the amount of work is large, even when using modern materials.In addition, between each layer of soil or plaster pauses during his drying.If that does not confuse you - what luck to be repaired!