In the conditions of the Russian winter, the question of how and what to insulate the ceiling, is by no means idle.To save on heating payment, it is important to minimize the heat losses that occur through the building envelope at home - windows, walls, doors, ceiling.Windows and doors of homeowners trying to establish high-quality, insulated walls, but often forget about the ceiling.Meanwhile, through the walling can take up to 20% of the heat!
All who remember high school physics lessons and know that warm air rises to the laws of nature, and then comes into contact with the cold surface of the ceiling is not insulated.As a result, condensation, i.e. humidity in the upper part of the room increases.Of course, this is not good for the health of the household, because moisture can cause mold growth.So the question what and how to insulate the ceiling, it should be puzzled to each owner of a private house.
General rules warming
ceiling insulation and other frame structures, labor-intensive, but necessary measures.The result of the efforts will be a comfortable temperature in the house with minimal heating.
Here are the general rules that you should consider when deciding what to insulate ceilings in the house:
- material for insulation must be safe in terms of ecology.
- insulation for the ceiling should not contribute to the spread of fire in case of fire.
- reducing the heat loss, the selected material should not have a significant impact on processes parotsirkulyatsii naturally occurring in the home.
- On Insulating material should not get wet.
materials that can be used for insulation
When searching for an answer to the question, what can insulate the ceiling, perhaps some effective solutions:
- Keramzit .This bulk insulation, lightweight, completely non-combustible material, which is made on the basis of clay.The material is ecologically safe, not afraid of moisture, has good thermal insulation characteristics, it does not infest rodents and pests.
- Mineral wool .This is perhaps the most popular version of the insulation has excellent insulating qualities.The disadvantage is hygroscopic, the material should be carefully protected from ingress to moisture.
- Ecowool .Cellulose-based material is environmentally safe, has excellent insulating properties.
- foam .Lightweight polymer material origin.Fireproof, easy to use is not afraid of moisture.
- Penoizol .This porous polymeric material for insulation with an unlimited service life.
Methods ceiling insulation in the house
The choice of material is also connected to the process that will be used for thermal insulation. Run warming in two ways:
- from inside the room.
- From the attic.
should be noted that both methods are able to provide a decent standard of insulation, so you need to choose the one that will be easier to accomplish.
technology and techniques differ kinds of materials used.In order not to make a mistake in answering the question than to warm the house ceiling , immutable rule to remember: if the insulation is made from the inside, you should select the permeable insulation .In that case the insulation is carried by the attic, it is necessary to acquire material from a vapor barrier properties.
How to perform insulation inside the room?
Thermal insulation foam ceiling
Typically, insulation of the ceiling inside the building combined with the construction of false or suspended ceilings.In this case, a heater placed in the space between the ceiling slab and the underlying coating.
In answering the question, the better insulate the ceiling of the room inside the house, most homeowners choose mineral insulation, which comes in the form of rolls or mats.
Here are some guidelines for the implementation of this work:
- If you plan to make a false ceiling in the house, the first assembled frame of metal profiles for mounting drywall (or other material, which is scheduled to sheathe the ceiling).Then, in the space between the profiles glued layers of insulation.
Tip!For the labels of mineral insulation is convenient to use glue for tiles, he quickly grasped well and keeps the material.
- In the event that will be established ceilings have to collect the frame especially for laying insulation.It is convenient to do it from a bar.
Tip!Mineral wool at installation in any case can not be compacted because of its insulating properties depend on the presence of air spaces between the fibers.
- separate question - installation of fixtures.The fact that even modern lamps bit hot during use, and the presence of insulation on the ceiling does not heat escape freely.As a result, lamps burn out quickly.Therefore, you should either cut the insulation in the area of the lamp, or to leave an air gap between the layer of insulation material and headliner.The first method reduces the effectiveness of insulation, and the second - requires a significant lowering of the ceiling.
Tip!There is another way to solve the problem with the lights - do not use embedded and install the most usual chandeliers and sconces.
Warming ceiling from the attic
Insulation of the ceiling from the attic
This option is most effective.Consider than insulate the ceiling on the outside of the room?Here it is perfect for almost any version of a heater.However, if it is decided to use mineral wool, before it should be put a layer vapor barrier film.
When using layers of mineral wool or foam material is placed in the spaces between the bars of a wooden frame.When using foam the joints should be sealed with foam.
If you plan to use the attic, the insulation should be laid on top to make the floor, running the floor screed or to arrange on logs.
So, when looking for an answer to a question, the better to insulate the ceiling , first of all, you should decide which side will be the ceiling insulation.You can then select the insulation of the above options.