- kinds of wooden stairs
- Direct stairway
- Bowstring or kosour?
- Painting stairs
- spiral staircase in the house
- device stairs
When building a house is often necessary to build a ladder.After all, most of the projects involve the presence of the second floor.Stairs between floors can be built from different materials.However, wood is one of the most simple, convenient and environmentally friendly.With this material can handle and a beginner.
course, the work will take some time.However, the work will pay off quickly, because the design made with the soul, will serve for many years to the delight of the home.In addition, the construction of the stairs with his hands - a substantial savings.
kinds of wooden stairs
total there are two main types of wooden stairs:
Open staircases - very simple, so it is for the construction of such a structure is best to take the beginner in construction.Spiral staircases are ver
Open staircases are divided in turn into two types: odnomarshevye and half-pace.Both varieties are not as difficult to make them yourself.
Before you make a wooden ladder with your hands, you have to buy the materials and tools to prepare.
From the materials we must take:
- planks (they will go to the stairs);
- bars sufficiently large cross-section (about 40 mm);
build without drawing it would be very unwise, therefore, before the erection of the stairs need to conduct measurements and make a rough plan.
Dimensions for building stairs
When measurements must take into account:
- height of the staircase;
- angle of the design;
- number of steps;
can make a similar scheme in electronic form.There are special computer applications that allow you to create such models.Professional products for construction purposes may even have the function of 3D.However, it is not necessary - to create such a vivid example of a simple ladder in the calculations.
Bowstring or kosour?
simple stairway can be installed on kosour or string.The difference is that the string located at the side of the steps and stringers are under the steps.
simple stairway usually has two side string.Steps are mounted on both sides.The construction described here will be arranged this way.
- Driving staircase on the string , a detailed diagram of the stairs, and each of its parts.
- must first steps cut out of the board, make a 2 string and supporting bars.
- Stairs connected to the string.Under each step necessary to make the support bar.
- Bowstrings mounted to the floor and walls.
whole process of coloring the stairs can be divided into three parts:
- Protection (lacquer layer).
First you have to prepare each element of the ladder staining.This implies two types of work: puttying and resurfacing.Caulking made special mixes which are intended for wood.Use formulations that do not fit under the tree, it is prohibited.
When the putty is dry, can be taken for polishing surfaces.Grinding is done in two stages.The first stage - coarse surface.After that we have to wait a couple of days.It soon becomes evident that the rise in the surface of the wood fluff.Before the second grinding they should blow the air.
After grinding work board becomes perfectly flat and smooth.Now you can start coating.
When the surface is ready for covering stairs, you have to decide how it will be.Before you paint the wooden ladder with paint, it is necessary to apply a coat of primer.The primer is better to choose to match the coloring composition.
elements of wooden stairs If you want, you can use instead of the ink stain.The advantage of stains is that it perfectly emphasizes the unique wood pattern.The staircase will look just fine.The natural pattern is always preferable.Why hide his coloring compositions when it can not by itself serve as a decoration.
stain can be selected with the varnish.When you purchase it is advisable not to save.After all, the better the composition is, the longer the construction itself.Stain - not just decorations.This structure protects against a variety of factors.
When the paint has dried, the surface of the final coat of varnish applied.It is best to choose a matte lacquer suitable as semi variety.Varnishing is performed in the case of a three-stage ladder.The composition is applied three times, and before each new application of the previous layer must dry thoroughly.If the varnish formed bubbles, then they must be sanded.
spiral staircase in the house
If you still want to do in the house is a spiral staircase, you can try the easiest installation option.The advantage of this design is that it saves space.
easiest way to install a spiral staircase - is to buy a ready, already vymerenny kit and simply mount it.Saving on installation also bring substantial benefits.
design spiral staircase consists of three main elements: racks, railings and steps.Steps to choose the best oak.Not only are they one of the most durable, but also have high aesthetic characteristics.Bog oak and thermo also look very good.Before buying
need extinct sizes future ladder to pick up the design just below the house.A more expensive option - hire someone to himself all the measurements and then make an order for the design.If you have the skills to work in construction, you can make yourself step by ordering only a rack and rails.The most common rack with rails are metal, but there are varieties of wood.
device spiral staircase
- steps on the one hand have a place to mount the rack.On the other hand there is an opening for a handrail.
- reception is most often metal.It has a flange which carries steps.
- The simplest design spiral staircase - "to move the duck."This assumes a special form of steps.
- rack mounted between floors.It is attached to the floor with anchor bolts.
- When the stand is installed, you can begin the installation steps.Between them, the distance should not exceed 20 cm. This is necessary for security purposes.
have a spiral staircase also many decorative details.And each may have their own set of jewelry and a variety of fasteners.When installing the usual march ladder calculation is carried out differently, the geometry of a rectangular opening here.In a spiral staircase stairwell is a circle.
more about the process of building wooden stairs you will find the following video material:
If you do decide to order the production of wooden stairs to the second floor, please contact the audited company with good reviews, compare prices on the stairsof wood.Buy ready-made ladders or make the home you decide.