- How to calculate
- How to build
- Warming and finishing
Claydite - one of the modern and comfortable to use materials for the construction of private country.House keramzitoblokov their own hands to build quite simple.By reliability, he will not concede brick, and the whole process of the construction cost is much cheaper.It's all about the peculiarities of the building material.
blocks made of expanded clay granules that is baked clay and cement-sand mixture.Due to the clay filler artificial stones get easily and completely safe for humans and the environment.Buildings of a dry and well "breathe", since it is quite permeable.The mixture of expanded clay and concrete absorbs moisture almost three times less than the similar characteristics of foam.A water resistance depends on the thermal insulation capacity of building materials: the thermal conductivity of such a design of masonry below 1.5 times the brick of the same thickness, and almost half - foam concrete.
The low-rise building claydite successfully used is not the first decade.By the size of one block 7 replaces conventional bricks, and weighs less than 2.5 times.Therefore, the work is much faster and the power of even not very experienced mason.Prepared mason could one day put about 3 m3 of lightweight aggregate masonry.This is three times faster than a brick construction.A cement slurry flow is reduced by 60%, which also reduces costs.
The most popular units are considered to be 390 × 290 × 188 mm or 390 × 190 × 188 mm.Depending on the method of installation of wall thickness can be varied.For the southern regions and the height of the house no more than two floors quite 40 cm walls, provided that the exterior insulation and finish will facial stone or plaster.For areas with cold winters better to choose a width of 80 cm. For non-residential premises, or those where it is not supposed to heating, enough 20 cm with a covering insulation.
Overall strength keramsit allows to build five-storey building, with an additional reinforcement of masonry with steel rods.
How to calculate
How to calculate keramzitobloki home
To determine the number of building blocks you need turn-key project with all its dimensions:
- is necessary to calculate the length of the exterior walls, plus the length of all bearing walls;
- resulting length is multiplied by the height of the ceilings;
- Further calculation will depend on the wall thickness, i.e. the selected block sizes and the process stack - in one or two rows.The calculated quadrature multiply by the estimated thickness.This figure is the total amount of the walls.
When you buy must be added to count the number of 10-15% in case of damage of the elements during transport and unloading.By the way, the material is quite fragile and easily breaks upon impact, so you have to take care of racks for transporting and unloading of the car tidy.
How to build
expanded clay blocks come in different versions: solid and hollow.For the lower floors and there, where it is expected to take the main load is preferable to the first type of product, and for the top of the building and self-supporting walls - the second.Multislit elements can improve the heat-saving properties of masonry.
If planned monolithic slab or concrete slab factory, use the walls of solid blocks.In addition, the ready-made reinforcing plate requires reinforced zone thickness of 20 cm, which must be insulated from the outside.For wooden floors suitable multislit easy mark.
Since the House of keramzitoblokov brick weighs less than the same area, on the foundation, you can save a little.The optimal solution would be to put a building without a basement on pile-tape support.If the planned ground floor, strip foundation poured on him and put concrete slabs.To cap the most suitable cement blocks of 590h290h200 mm trenches for laying reinforcement.
Construction of ofakturennyh keramzitoblokov
Laying aboveground part begins with the corners.Install extreme elements on a cement-sand mixture layer of 30 cm. Their position is carefully calibrate.Then, between the corner blocks pulled the cord to align all other stones.To the solution does not flow into the voids of fine mesh cover.Each row of masonry must be checked for level and plumb the building level.
concrete with expanded clay filler is fairly easy to handle.When installing door and window openings, and where provided for non-standard architectural details, cut blocks can be simple grinder with a diamond disk or a special hacksaw for foam.
Warming and finishing
The optimal thermal insulation of buildings from outside keramsit mineral wool layer foiled.Suitable and wool, which shield the inside plasterboard and externally - foam.
In view keramsit wall is not too attractive, so even if external insulation is not provided, it is necessary to think about the finish trim.Moreover, despite the low hygroscopicity, leave without finishing a wall more than 2 years should not be.Under the influence of temperature changes and freezing water it starts to crack and crumble.
for decorative use cement-sand plaster, decorative clinker brick, natural stone siding - any of these materials can be oblitsevat house of keramzitoblokov.Due to water vapor permeability when assembling the facades do not even have to leave the ventilation gap.Of course, this insulator must also be breathable.
Decorating the house siding
can use thermopanels consisting of polyurethane and ceramic tiles.This is a new and efficient method for the simultaneous warming of the facings.Thermal panels are light and clean, their installation does not require any special tools and the power of non-professionals.Polystyrene foam retains heat in the house during the cold weather and provides shade in the heat.
competently made and properly trimmed construction of keramzitoblokov can operate from 50 to 100 years.
offer to see the video on the construction of the house keramzitoblokov.