- Garage Size
- What could be the garage
- Place in the garage
- Building drawings
If you believe that your vehicle has to beown home, it's time to learn how to construct a garage with his hands.But before embarking on the implementation of his plan, in reality, have to do a small but hard work.
scheme garage for one car
starts with determining the size of the garage.The approach is very individual, since in most cases each garage - it's not just a place to "sleep" your machine, but also a convenient utility room and possibly your place of business (if you are well versed in the repair of cars or motorcycles).
Garage can be:
- for one car (designed only for its storage without repair and therefore does not require any additional internal space),
- for one car with storage space for tools, spare parts and other necessary "trifles" (shelvesYou can arrange for them at the end of the garage or gently placed on one or two side walls),
- for one car, taking into account the fact that here you are going to do it in repair (if you need more, and "pit").
scheme garage for two cars
If you have two cars in the family, choose the appropriate option from those listed above, adjusted for the size of the second car.
average size of a garage for one car is 3 to 6 meters.But it is better to do it under the individual garage your car or under the car, you are going to buy in the near future (if it is bigger than you have available).To do this, park the vehicle on a large flat ground, open all the doors.It remains only to measure the resulting space, add the width of the passage (around the entire vehicle), as well as the width of the shelves that you are going to hang on the walls of the garage.The calculations you get an inside garage dimension.To get the external dimension, it is necessary to add the thickness of the walls (from all sides) with the interior and exterior.
height of the garage and individually selected.The optimum 3-meter interior height of the garage (after the device floor and ceiling).
What could be the garage
If you are not too large infield, garage can be combined with one of the following outbuildings:
- a storage area for food supplies - it is usually parked to the end of the garage, separated from it by a continuouswall and performing a separate entrance into it;
- with gazebo - it is also possible to attach to the side of the building or place on the roof of the garage;
- with an additional location (this can be a living room with wc, office, etc.) - usually located above the garage and has a separate entrance from the yard or the street on the outer metal or concrete stairs.
Place in the garage
Location garage on the site
Garage taken as close as possible to the fence, but there are some nuances:
- «slide» garage from the houseif you are going to repair it your car or someone else's;
- neighbors turn away from the fence at least one meter (this is the distance you need to perform repairs outside the walls of the garage);
Now a closer look at the construction of the garage with his hands:
- garage, as well as any large structure, it is necessary to build the project (even if you traced by hand).
- determine the size of your garage, look for him to the gate.They can be hinged, sliding, sectional, etc.If you purchase for your garage gate, already were in use, be sure to buy them before you start to design your garage, so that later you do not have to "adjust" the gate to the garage.
- next step - the choice of material, from which you are going to build a garage.Brick or small sized block devices require strip foundation (concrete under all the walls), wooden garage can be put on the pier foundation or just fill in for him baseplate of concrete thickness of approximately 15 cm (do not forget the valve that needs to be put in the process of filling).The same foundation-base is suitable for metal garage.
Construction pent roof
- garage roof pent usually do with fixing the gutter and drainage.Ramp can be directed in any direction other than the front.
- next step - the foundation for the garage.Under the strip foundation necessary dig a trench under the columnar - several small pits, under the continuous concrete slab - well compacted soil, pour about 5 cm (height), gravel (it should also be compacted), put the formwork, put waterproofing (it will not allow the water fromsoil to penetrate the thick concrete pad and destroy it) and meshes, pour concrete.
Building basement garage
- After hardening of the concrete in the basement (the time in which the concrete is gaining 90% of its strength is about 28 days) on its surface (on top of the cap) stack waterproofing (eg, roofing material).
mount swing garage door
- Install and secure (using braces) availableyou swing garage doors (they will be secured in the masonry as building walls).If the gate is not present, you can make them yourself, or choose other options gates that can be mounted at the end of construction work.
- Then you can start laying (or device) walls.Do not forget to perform the wall vent.
- prepared wooden rafters, mauerlat, kontrobreshetku crate and treat with antiseptic and flame retardant (this protects the wood from bugs and translate it into the category of hard flammable materials).
- On top of the walls stacked and secured by anchor bolts mauerlat - wooden beam (120x120 or 100x100 mm).
- rafters Lay along the slope of the roof, leaning on their mauerlat.At the same roof pitch must meet regulatory chosen for the roofing material.
- top of rafters is secured by a building stapler vetrovlagozaschitnaya membrane.
- to the rafters on top of the membrane fills kontrobreshetku, it (perpendicular) - lathing step which depends on the roofing material.
- roofing material is laid and fixed on the crate.
Wall insulation garage
- If necessary, warming the garage, non-flammable insulation (min.vata) is placed between the rafter and locked from the inside vapor barrier layer.
- ceiling in the garage can be made of any suitable materials (particleboard, fiberboard, MDF panels, gypsum board, OSB, etc.).
From this video you will learn how to create the best conditions for the car in the garage with the help of thermal insulation of the walls of the garage and install the ventilation system: