- initial stage
- ground floor and the foundation of the house
- foundation for future building
Individual building - a long and very complex, it is almost impossiblewithout quality and competent drafting.Since most of the people who are planning to become owners of private housing, erecting its own, they also try to do without the help of experts and develop plans and projects of his own.As shown by statistics, in most cases, they are wrong, and the Commission simply does not accept them.In order for you in the future we are faced with such a situation you need to know how to do a project at home with their hands properly, and what you should pay special attention during its creation.
First of all, you need to have a clear idea of what kind of house you plan to get at the end of construction.If you have not previously had to deal with such works, then try to study as much literature on the establishment and construction of private
Once you have decided on the appearance of your building, you need to develop his plan.That he is the main part of your project.
ground floor and the foundation of the house
Start with what Calculate the dimensions of your future home.To do this, you need to consider the territory of your existing site.The next thing you should pay attention - this is the basic building material to be used for load-bearing structures.The fact that it is blocked from further weight will depend on your particular base or foundation.
basic premises, which are located on the ground floor of any building is:
- Entrance room, which can be combined with an additional location, for example pantry.
- Kitchen, it is possible that you will want her to have additional access to a summer terrace.
- central room or living room.
- bedroom, depending on your personal needs can be more than one.
- sanitary rooms that can be combined or divided.
After you determine the number and shape the future of your room, you should correctly calculate their sizes.All payments must be made on the basis of one area which you previously allocated for construction.
If you plan to build a multi-storey building, the plan of the upper rooms you can prepare only after the final draft will be ready the first floor, as he is the main one.
foundation for future building
foundation for future home
to identify with what foundation you will use, you need not only to make mass payments, but also to explore the area is available at your soilas well as the depth of the flow of groundwater.Once you learn all the features of your site, you will need to choose what kind of foundation you will use.Then make all calculations necessary.
Once you're done with the basic calculations, you should prepare a phased estimate used for building materials, and it is:
- bearing structures and internal partitions;
- overlap, which simply must be in the design of multi-storey buildings;
- calculation of roof and used for her material.
Next, you will need to prepare some sketches of the facade of the building from all sides.This is necessary not only for special services in which you incur the project, but also for you, because with their help, you can fully imagine the entire structure.
At the end of the main project, you will also need to prepare some additional plans, which include:
- the wiring of electrical systems,
- sewage equipment and liner to the main structure,
- water system,
- installation of heating devicescalculate the area of your premises.
is worth noting that in addition to drawings and then you need to estimate the materials used.Only after all the calculations are completed, you will need to agree on a draft, then you can confidently start building.
What should be considered when creating the project at home, you can see in the following footage: