- possible to live in the house of the sleepers?
- How to Build a Home Decorating
Usual construction materials today are expensive.Therefore, people with a limited budget is to pay attention to is not quite the usual way housing.Old railway sleepers used for decades.And the house of the sleepers with their hands - the most economical way of construction of solid wood file.
sleepers are bars of conifers, impregnated with a special compound - creosote.This mixture of phenol is used as an antiseptic, it protects the timber from rotting in the ground, and the growth of bacteria, as well as damage by insects and rodents.
built house obtained from the sleepers warm and dry, well-kept earthquake, unlike brick or panel.To build a single-storey log house 10x10 m require about 350 strong pieces of wood without surface defects.You can buy them at the nearby railway departments performing repair pathways.It is now being mass replacement of wooden parts in concrete.The sale of end su
possible to live in the house of the sleepers?
Creosote - a chemical compound that is harmful to humans.Its evaporation leads to swelling of the face and hands, and direct contact with the skin can cause burns.There is even evidence that it is carcinogenic and can cause cancer.Is it safe to live in a house soaked in this matter?
First, you can only use old railway sleepers, lie down in the ground.The average time of their service - 15 or 20 years.During this time the sun and rain the wood loses much of impregnation and odor.Such chemical content of the samples is less and they cost less.
bath of sleepers
Second, need careful finishing on the inside to reduce the risk of exposure to residual fumes.The outer perimeter walls are sewn inside the membrane does not allow creosote to penetrate into the room.Outside, on the contrary, it is arranged well ventilated facade.With the construction of internal partitions is better to refuse to apply the normal sleepers and wood or other materials.
Third, the method of production and processing of different rail supports.Some products are impregnated with an antiseptic through, others - only 3-5 cm. For construction needs rather take the latter.
How to build
dealt with building materials, we will talk directly about the installation:
- for buildings of sleepers, as well as all wooden houses, rather columnar supports.If the planned basement or ground floor, on the perimeter of the strip foundation is poured.At the top of the tape or raft foundation before stacking log necessarily laid waterproofing layer.
- first wooden number is attached to the concrete base long bolts imbedded in increments of 1 m. The beams are placed flat, wide face each other.This increases the amount of material, but it turns out the house warmer and frame - smooth and dense without large gaps.
- Ties come in several types, with different geometrical parameters, so each number necessary to select parts of the same size.Nearby units are connected "to spike" and sealed construction brackets.
Corner laying sleepers
- ties between the rows of locking pin or iron brackets on both ends.Holes are drilled indented 50-70 cm from the ends.
- When the clutch vertical checked the inside of the wall level and plumb.Irregularities exterior facade hides.
- at the corners frame every 3 beams strengthened with metal squares.Also, to impart rigidity design on each side diagonally nailed steel strip having a thickness of 4 mm and a width of 20-30 mm.
- the wall between the window openings sleepers can be installed vertically.The spaces between the joists and seal the insulated by filling gaps with glass wool or hemp.
Interior decoration home
log structure made of worn dark wood, it looks not very refined, so in conclusion, we must finish on both sides.
Lining is designed to protect against the ingress of creosote fumes into the room.As durable insulating material (also inexpensive) approach, foamed polyethylene film having a thickness of 200-300 microns.
then stuffed crate on top of the membrane and fixed drywall.All cracks and places of contiguity of sheets to the window and door openings with carefully shpaklyuyut wool cobweb.To enhance the protection of smells can be added to cover the primed surface drywall paint.
scheme ventilated facade
the outside of the structure of the sleepers is required ventilated facade with the possibility of weathering antiseptic.For this reason, the outer insulation is better to take home the mineral rock wool, not foam and similar materials - wall should "breathe."
first vertical battens nailed from bars section 50x50 mm.Between them, the insulation is fixed, so it is advisable to choose a lattice spacing of the width of the roll or plate.Top insulator closed windproof membrane.Then, to ventilate the facade and unhindered evaporation of chemical impregnation and moisture necessary to leave a small air gap between the finishing layer and the insulation.Therefore, it installs easily kontrobreshetka of wooden slats 30x30 mm.It attached home decorating.The most common metal or vinyl siding.Another option - a wooden or PVC lining or facing brick.
sleepers impregnated with creosote
laying the third row
necessary to make ventilated facade