- Project Selection
- Calculating the number of stages
- wooden staircase
- concrete staircase flights
- metal staircase stairs Photo
- different projects
When builtthe house has several levels, there is a question about the structure of the stairs to move between them.The flight of stairs, you can, of course, ready to order.However, you can make smart and think about how to make the stairs to the second floor with his hands, that will talk about building talent host.
As in building a house, it is important to planning and design, to select the style of the house.The staircase can be the following types:
- screw (rectangular, faceted, semi-circular, curved);
- march (straight, angled, odnomarshevoy, mnogomarshevoy);
- and rails;
- on the string.
Calculating the number of stages
number of steps calculated numbers
But in any case it is necessary to calculate the slope, the number of steps, their height.To do this, measure the distance from f
When all the calculations are made, it is necessary to decide what material the ladder will be done.The classic version - to build it out of wood.Although the possible options of metal structures, concrete, wrought from stone with decorations of ceramic or glass.
Wood can be taken such as birch, oak, pine, ash.When choosing the stairs, pick up the wood without flaws (knots, rough, rough), planed (it only takes manufacturing).Before using it is necessary to dry the wood, stained cover (attached to the color) and multiple layers of waterproof varnish (protects the wood products).Before the final fixing the ladder doing the fitting, and customize the size of the items.If all goes well, begin assembling the entire structure.
stringers made of boards with a thickness of 50-70 mm, width - 250-300 mm.Fix them to the floor and the longitudinal beam and floor insert stage.Mounting options for stringers are also different:
- overhead (bulky ladders);
- locks (step is inserted into the cut groove).
for working with wood need: a jigsaw or a saw (to cut parts), a hammer, a chisel narrow and wide, screwdriver or a screwdriver, plane.
concrete staircase flights
poured concrete staircase structure of concrete and iron frame (reinforcement).Make pouring the foundation, for which the necessary parts are cut from a tree on the formwork.It should be free of cracks and strengthened, so as not concrete emerged.It must be remembered that reinforced concrete staircase is very heavy and requires powerful props firmly established.
frame mounted according to the drawing, valves associated with each other or welded and tested for strength.Filled and compacted concrete, which dries for about 4 weeks.Finished products are beginning to use at the end of the month.
Concrete can be decorated in a variety of decoration options: sheathe tree mount lighting, lay ceramic.
Metal can be cast, forged, rivet, cut, twist.Calculation of the number of stages in the same way as in the embodiment with tree, and they are welded to the steel stringers.To create such an option will need a Bulgarian, welding machine, a set of levels, wrenches, a hammer, an electric drill.The frame makes a drawing of an I-beam or pipe more than 8 cm. This option requires a good anti-corrosion preparation, otherwise the effects of rust appearing on evaporation, is inevitable.Steps are made of a pair of corners, which laid the foundations (marble, planks, metal).
used for making metal or wooden items, as well as other materials.Balusters, railings bearing elements are their support and decorative element appearance.To fill the space between the pillars, pillars used forging, carved paintings, glass.Handrails should be performed so that for them it was a nice touch by hand;there should be no rough edges or burrs.
Photos stairs of different projects
Convenient and practical
Project in accordance with the interior
rise tosecond floor
Wood on metal
invite you to a discussion of the material presented on the page.We are ready to listen to your opinion.
offer watch video on the construction of the stairs with his hands in a country house.