- organization foundation
- order of stacking bricks
For heating of a country house or villa is often used "the Dutch" - the furnace erected from a corpulent ceramicbricks.Its advantages are obvious:
- ease of assembly;
- takes up little space;
- well warms both large and small rooms;
- after fuel burning stove for a long time and is still warm enough to support a comfortable temperature in the room.
Furnace "Dutch" with their own hands can be built and a newcomer, but its construction must be carefully prepared.The design of the furnace include:
- flue system;
- adjustable output of smoke.
in the fuel chamber - furnace - the fuel is combusted, and the flue gases rising and falling of the extended system of flues, better give off their heat.The rate of release of smoke can be adjusted using a special metal valves.
simple design allows the stove to fold it even without any experience of installation of the furnace.
- for Dutch construction is required to prepare the foundation of the original - at least one week before installation.To do this, determine the size of the stove.The size of its base should be a few more.
- On-site installation of the furnace is necessary to disassemble the floor and prepare the pit depth of 50 cm. If the foundation for the "Dutch" is practically based on the foundation of the house, between the need to pave the sand layer.Having made
- cement mortar (cement, water and sand in the ratio 1: 3: 4), a thin layer is laid into the prepared trench.Then put the reinforcing grid of metal rods that have a thickness of not less than 1 cm. The final solution was poured cement remaining flush with the floor.From above, after the completion of the arrangement of the foundation "Dutch", laid a solution sprinkle sifted cement powder.
- During the week, the foundation has to harden.
order of stacking bricks
- wall thickness "Dutch" equals one brick.
- Stacked waterproofing material on the frozen foundation on top of it you need to pour a thin layer of sand, and lay flat on the first series of pre-soaked in water, bricks, keeping a little distance between them.At a laying of the furnace using a solution based on clay: from the top, on the brick, the solution is applied, which is gradually lowered into the space left between the bricks.All of the following series of binder, as usual.
- Masonry Dutch Immediately after the laying of the first row must be from the corners and the middle of each of the four walls vertically to pull the rope to keep the size of "Dutch" and put it straight.
- second row you want to publish as a whole, with a shift with respect to the floor brick bricks lined the perimeter of the first row.In the third row it is required to equip the blower door.As used already finished metal door should be left in place as a horizontal row and a vertical mounting of the door.Between the fourth and fifth be stacked beside the grate with the possibility of its subsequent replacement, and starting with required number 6 fuel chamber start to spread, including its door.
- fuel chamber walls need to continue to spread to the 13 series inclusive.
- in rows 14 and 15 need to equip the floor of the firebox, laying bricks on the edge.Next, using bricks set at the edges, forming an elongated chimney through which the smoke will rise as the combustion of wood or coal in the fuel chamber.
- If you want to build a compact, "the Dutch", its chimneys using special technology calculations as if collapsed in the ring.When installing a large furnace flue length is not folding, and thus a classic "Dutch" takes a lot of space.
- finally comes down to a long chimney flue, coming out through the roof.In the area of the roof should be spread over the bricks flat, reaching thus of greater thickness.Furthermore, it is necessary to use insulating material for preventing too strong heating slabs.
- Operation "Dutch" is possible already after 2-3 weeks after laying.
Surely you have any questions regarding the preparation of a clay solution.For detailed instructions, see here:
This oven ready "Dutch", photo stages of construction which are available below:
step by step photos of masonry oven: