- first cooking
- Mounting frame
- kinds of designs stairway
- Pouring concrete
- stair coverings
In this article we will tellhow to make a staircase made of concrete with their hands.
- Longer lifetime;
- Enhances design structure;
- moisture resistant;
- Wide range of decoration and modeling.
Choose a concrete option as it costs small.Attachments only for the purchase of material for manufacturing and personal time.This staircase built simultaneously with the construction of the house.In general, the drawing of a house plan space for a flight of stairs.
frame and formwork
First, you do the calculation the number of stages to hold a certain portion of the structure.On this depends the convenience of movement on the stairs.For standard step height when lifting is applied to 17 cm. The width should be no less than one meter.Also taken into account for future inserts railing.
Materials for formwork
for preparation of concrete taken cement (1 part), broken grain 10-20 mm (3 hrs.), Sand (2h.), Water (0,7ch.).If the concrete is thick, you can add a little more water.
To make formwork acquire lumber 10x10 cm, waterproof plywood section of 2 cm or edged boards of 3 cm, rebar, metal corner.Fastening screws are of wooden construction of 3.5 cm, which can be conveniently retrieved during removal.
formwork - a box, which is filled with concrete.It is built directly on the construction site.The best material for use is considered wood.It then pour the solution can be easily removed.The width of the boards should be equal height levels.Perpendicular to the bottom of the stairs with special fixtures to the support set props.
boards shuttering additional fixed longitudinal plate to avoid bending when pouring concrete.The whole structure is about to self-tapping screws, so it was easy to disassemble it after use.If the use of the formwork will continue and further, it is recommended to protect waterproofing material wood: alkyd paint (painting), roofing felt, asphalt, oil cloth, old linoleum.This is to prevent deformation of the boards when coming into contact with water, the concrete solution.
To strengthen the stairway do frame of metal rods.It is laid along the bearing faces and connected by welding at a distance of 3 cm from the casing to the valve.To attach the assembly rail to a wall, the pins pierce it.
kinds of designs stairway
Concrete spiral design
Of all the designs you canidentify the main types:
- spiral - a kind of spiral, swirling in the center;
- turning - marches may be positioned to each other at an angle of 90 ° and 100 °;
- direct - the most convenient for lifting, do not make great physical cost to climb, but it takes a large amount of living space.
First, a concrete mixture.Before filling in the formwork from the outside, where there will be handrails, set wooden plugs or iron rods for further attachment.Then begin pouring concrete formwork boxes.To the edge of the steps in the operation does not crumble, it is welded to the metal corner.
After filling the formwork solution certainly tamped and leveled.Only after the final drying of concrete start to dismantle the wooden mold and take the stairs.
Indoors stairs of concrete is rarely without facing.To finish the concrete forms can be used:
- ceramic tiles.
parapet used to manufacture glass, decoration of the entire ladder can be a work of metal.Richly look wooden railing in the form of sculptures.Selecting fences depends on the style of interior room, what material is trimmed flight of stairs.
Facing not only do steps and platforms, but also the back of the ladder.For this purpose, decorative plaster, ceramic or stoneware tiles.Stairs made using such methods will certainly always pleases eyes of people - regardless of whether it is located in a cottage in the country or joins the floors of any company.
If you notice that there were some stairs strain, for example, cracks or something else, you must remove them in time.You can use the following methods, depending on the defect: the cement-sand mortar, anchor bolts, or something else.If the time to carry out maintenance work, it is possible to avoid the appearance of defects.
you build a ladder in your home itself?Share personal experiences with our readers by leaving a comment on the article.
offer watch video on the construction of monolithic concrete stairs.