- Substrate Preparation
- procedure for laying
- Junction with chimney
- Construction roofing ridge
Application for closing of the roof of modern ceramic tiles involves a number of accounting requirements,associated with a significant weight of the roofing material used.For all the undoubted advantages of this kind of coating (such as reliability, durability and originality) installation of ceramic tiles can be made only on pre-reinforcement of truss construction.
by reason of the weight of the natural material to lay ceramic tile is allowed only on the roofs, the slope of which does not exceed the values ranging between 12 to 50 degrees.At large angles there is a need to strengthen the roof system through the use of additional elements to increase rigidity of the entire structure as a whole.
roof of natural tile scheme
After amplification of the rafters and just before laying ceramic tiles you have to perform a series of routine operati
list of these measures has traditionally includes the following standard operations:
- preparation of waterproofing, which allows the entire structure to protect from moisture and prevent fungal infections of wood;
- arrangement shielding additionally protects the roof from leaking heat through the "cold bridges";
- mounting, a vapor barrier layer, through which the roof will be reliably protected from condensation.
To fix the waterproofing layer on the rafters can use special stapler used to secure the roll material.The value of each subsequent layer overlaps the previous one must be at least 10-15 cm.
avoid heat loss through the roof structure under the waterproofing will need to put a layer of insulation, as which can be used mineral wool or foam plates.In forming this layer "roofing pie" necessarily need to provide air gaps created artificially.These gaps may be formed in the gaps between the insulation and waterproofing (via building elements crates) or due to the installation of so-called kontrobreshёtki.
At arrangement of the roof should not lose sight of the question of its vapor barrier, since the presence of condensate in the area of insulation significantly reduces the effectiveness of the thermal protection.For reliable protection insulation layer from destruction condensate will be sufficient overlap vapor barrier films in the range of 10-15 cm.
procedure for laying
Lay the tiles on the roof
Before starting the installation work in the first place youyou must be prepared to raise the entire tiles on a roof;thus, because of the great weight of material necessarily require assistance.At the end of lifting tile sheets should put them in small piles (3-4 leaf) evenly over the surface of the roof, thus avoiding strain under the weight of sheathing are temporarily stored material.
In accordance with the generally accepted rules of tile sheets are stacked on all roof slopes while alternating every two or three rows.
Construction installation instructions natural tile contains standard requirements in order of its installation, produced in the direction from the eaves to the ridge and it left to right.This procedure involves the formation of the bottom row of shingles, spread along the eaves, without fixing on the basis of the rafter (crate).This technique allows you to adjust the position of the elements eaves strip for laying subsequent series.
When forming parts roofing advise you to pay attention to the following details:
- To fix the first and second rows is best to use special galvanized screws.
- Do not forget to leave a small area of the eaves ventilation gap (about 1.5-2 cm) used to ventilate the roof space.
- For reliable fixing eaves and ridge tile series coating is desirable to provide for them a few extra points of attachment.
Junction with chimney
still at the stage of placement of waterproofing material used is carefully trimmed and plants on the wall of the chimney, adjacent to the plane of stacking.After that it can be wall mounted in any convenient way for you.
Junction with chimney
directly beside the chimney tile is laid with a small gap (about 2-3 cm).For reliable junction can use a special corrugated strip of aluminum or copper, painted in the color of the tile.When using this tape segment of desired length is first closed front part of the pipe (with a slight overlap), then the same operations are repeated to its sides.
more details about the installation below:
Construction roofing ridge
device roof ridge
When the device in the area of the tile covering the roof ridge should focus on competent placement of the material in the area of the ridge beam.For registration of the ridge zones are special tile blank (rail), allowing to round the upper bound of the roof, thus providing a reliable pair of elements of the covering.
individual workpiece ridge zones are fixed on the lath elements with screws (screws) of a suitable size.
tile laid over the sealing tape
note that such ridge blanks must be installed on top of a special sealing tape, allowing to form a small gap required for ventilation of the roof space.Each individual rack mounted on the supporting structure by means of a small bracket that is included with the skating surface.Upon completion of the installation established special additional elements covering an end portion of the ridge.
We also recommend reading the article:
How to make waterproofing the roof
How to lay a vapor barrier
How to insulate the roof from the inside
detailed rules for the installation of ceramic tiles are considered below: