- How to choose a starting material
- Important points to be considered in the manufacture of handrails
- tool - an important part of the preparatory process
- Wizard afraid!Making banister railing
- Installation of wood.Learn to do right!
- purchased material for forged railing
- prepare designs and embody the idea
- Getting forging and welding of the frame with a pattern
- final stage of production - Paint
In the role of the business card of a private house often actsbeautiful staircase, which are an integral part of the railing.It is worth noting that the main functionality of this design is the ability to easily move between floors.But for the reliability and safety of the stairs are responsible handrails and railings.They are, inter alia, depends largely on the overall attractiveness of the ladder and the structure.In this article we'll show you how to make railings for the stairs with his hands made of wood and metal.
you have to make a different attractive elements may perform patterns, etc.But do not worry the manufacture of handrails, because often "the eyes are afraid, but the hands are doing."For his work!
How to choose a starting material
Before assembling the railing, you must decide what type of material is most suitable to the interior of the house.
- Many generations are used for the production of staircases and railings to them natural wood.Today railings are made from different kinds of wood.Each type of wood fills the interior of special aroma.Wooden railings fit even the most cutting-edge interior design.
- Metal railings also very popular.Bent and wrought iron railings look noble and elegant.They are very versatile and fit into every interior.One has only to take a responsible approach to the choice of patterned pattern railing.
- Railings made of plastic and glass.Glass panels are replaced balusters, handrails and in this case is made of plastic.However, in this case, the railing can be used only at a certain interior design.In combination with the retro and classic such railings will look out of place.
Important points to be considered in the manufacture of handrails
here should focus on the form.If you have children, then it is likely that the railing may be subject to more tests.The child is likely to repeatedly test the strength of a handrail, for example, shaking them or simply slipping thereon.It should also be noted that the lower part of the railing must make sure that your baby is not able to slip between the elements.As for the height, then it stands alone to think.The minimum height of the railing - 900 mm.The most successful growth of human height 1.80 m of 1200 mm.
Regarding the surface of the railing, then it should be perfectly smooth.If the design of the narrow staircase, the railing may be installed only on one side.However, if it exceeds the width of 1250 mm, it should be equipped with handrails on both sides.Note also that the distance between the balusters in the event of small tenants can not exceed 150 mm.
tool - an important part of the preparatory process
Before making railings, prepare the whole instrument.It's all of course depends on your starting material for the manufacture of handrails.If the railings are metal, you'll need a welder with the necessary additional material for him.If you equip the staircase railings made of wood, then pre-prepare such a tool:
wooden staircase railing
- two hammer - easy to moderate,
- hacksaw on wood,
- electric drill,
- square building of metal, plumb bob or level,
Wizard afraid!Making banisters
First, gather all the necessary elements for work.The kit for the assembly of the railing are:
- Handrails - is that part of the railing, for which the person holds his hand.
- balusters - represent the uprights, which are held handrails.
- swivel and end tables - it is stronger than the balusters, rack mounted vertically.They put at the beginning and at the end, and in places turn staircase design.
build process depends on the source material.If we are going to assemble the railing made of metal, the main action is to combine parts into a whole using the welding machine.If you can not handle it, it is best to call specialist at the house.Joining metal parts can be riveted, however, the connection is not very reliable.
for wooden handrails, balusters and turning thumbs you need wooden blocks of different cross sections.For processing required jigsaw.With it, you will add detail form.After that you should carefully polished surface of all elements for handrails.And on the next stage of the installation process you can do.
installation of handrails made of wood.Learn to do right!
begin installation of handrails should end with the installation of bollards.This is the point from which you want to make a start in the process of execution.They must be installed at the beginning and end of the ladder, but also at its corners.
Attach one of thumbs lace and pull it across all tables.For example, you specify the location of the rail that will allow you to properly and safely secure it.
Fastening wooden balusters
Then, mark the fixing points balusters.The distance between them is determined individually, but it is not recommended to put them on 20 cm apart.Solid their installation is to be welcomed.Fix these elements is possible as to the steps and to the bowstring, which are fixed stage.If you decide to fix the balusters to the bowstring, you will need to cut them previously at a predetermined angle.Accordingly, to the steps of the balusters are mounted horizontally.
Now balusters should be attached to the rail.If you make grooves in the handrail to enter the balusters, the process of installation of handrails for stairs will be simplified.In those places where the staircase turns to mount the balusters to the handrail have to do a special transition element that sawed at a certain angle.
Once installed balusters, zashpaklyuyte any gaps.Clean the surface of the finished railing against dirt and dust.All defects sanding.Now leave the structure in order to allow it to completely dry.Then move on to finishing, including coating the surface of a handrail with varnish or paint.
In this work the installation of handrails made of wood will be completed.
purchased material for forged railing
Handrails for stairs of forging do a lot more complicated than their wooden counterparts.However, the effort is worth it!Initially, you should buy the raw material and collect tools:
- level, Bulgarian with nozzles, wiper circle.
- Welding machine with electrodes, a mask.
- Metal and metal profile of different cross sections.Better to use a small section of the profile, because it is easier to cut and give it shape.
Sketches metal railing
Before you start it is important to consider the sketch railing.It is important to bear in mind that the finished railing must comply with all the peculiarities of the interior of the house.
Pre-prepare a place for assembly.At the site should be a special coating on which you can draw at 1: 1 level.To do this, remove measurements.Measure the height and depth of all levels.Now draw the silhouette of a ladder on a prepared site.Then mark the outline of the railing.
prepare designs and embody the idea
Once you have painted the frame, consider the pattern.For example, it may be balusters resembling vine.It can be decorated with metal sheets are sold in specialty stores.To draw using easily washable chalk.
When you make a pattern, take the rope, and it determine the length of each of the navel.To do this, attach a length of string and measure.In accordance with measurements slice profile.Moreover, the shape must be slightly greater length.This margin will help you make fewer mistakes.If it is unnecessary, you can always cut it off.
Getting forging and welding of the frame with a pattern
prepared each segment you need to give shape to that intended by the pattern.Using the hearth at home is not possible, therefore, have a cold formed sections.To do this, of course, we should be patient.
Production of metal railing
Use a hammer and a vise.Put them in a segment profile and try to bend it a pipe wrench.Several attempts and you prilovchilis!Then, if necessary, you should cut all the extra inches with the elements of the pattern.The resulting forged elements must match the pattern with the maximum precision.
Now you need a welding machine.To start, connect the frame rail.Put the desired shape of the profiles and their tack welding.The seam is better to make time to when an error occurs, it can be corrected without undue effort.Now fill the frame elements of forging, creating a pattern.Fit the piece by piece, fixing them.Apply the spot welds that will be in acute need to disunite.If at the end of the work of errors have been identified, invert the railing on the other side and cook all the seams as it should.Return the structure to its original position and cook on the other side.Now weld the wrought iron decorations that enrich the design.The completed section should be set, not allowing deviations.
All seams are smooth out that they are aesthetically appealing.This process is carried out with Bulgarian stripping around.Pre protect your eyes from sparks, wearing special glasses.Then secure the unit in a metal brush and carefully treat the surface of the railing.So you remove the defects, rust and irregularities.
final stage of production - Paint
Paint the railings can brush or spray gun.Do not forget to this primed metal.Interestingly, only white primer will hide minor irregularities, which would make the paint more smoothly.When choosing a paint and primer, pay attention to the composition because they must be compatible.Each layer must dry thoroughly.
If you want to look elegant wrought-iron railings, you should apply for forging patina.For example, you can decorate some of the elements of forging.Now, the manufacturing process is completed.All you need - to establish a permanent seat on the fence.
you already have experience in the manufacture and installation of handrails?Then write us a comment.Your experience is useful to us!
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