- pier foundation
- Screw Pile Foundation Construction
- frame house
- house warming
- Vapor home
frame house- light and very simple, it can be constructed in a short time.Such structures are becoming increasingly popular.Prefab houses are being built in suburban areas for seasonal or permanent residence.With the construction of the house on this technology it is necessary to take into account only one detail - the period of residence.
pier foundation in the context of
Since frame houses are very light, it does not require particularly strong foundation.Under the structure can be set:
- screw piles;
- melkozaglublenny strip foundation.
lot during the laying of the foundation depends on the soil type and the number of storeys of the structure.Thus, the construction of a simple one-story house can be completely dispensed pier foundation even capricious soil.
foundation frame house
- In order to build a small house for one family in the middle pier foundation, for the foundation necessary to acquire about 120 - 150 bars.
- Using conventional drill need to be done in the soil depressions with a diameter of 20 cm and a depth of about one meter.Hole spacing - 80 cm.
- then inserted into the holes asbestos-cement pipes (bars).Remaining close to the tube space must be compacted, filled with gravel and sand.
- through a funnel into the hole bars need to pour cement solution.
establish such a foundation, does not even have to wait until the solution hardens to continue.
Screw pile foundation
Screw foundation Screw piles are very popular today.Frame house with his hands on such a foundation can be erected without the involvement of teams of workers.
to install piles, on the contrary, it is desirable to use manual labor.This is due to the fact that this work can be screwed piles strictly on the level, without deviations.
unscrewing piles is the main mistake of all beginners.
construction frame house
construction frame house
There are two technologies of construction of frame houses: Finland and Canada.However, the very principles of the construction of such structures are the same.Regardless of which of the technology will be to build a house master stages of construction remain the same.
- To build a frame house used frames.They can be made of wood or steel, depending on the wishes of the owner.Today, the most widely used wood furring.They are economical, environmentally friendly and easy to montiruyutsya.Stalnye frames while more expensive by about a third.However, they are somewhat lighter in weight, which saves on the foundation.The steel frame can be safely used steel fasteners.But for a tree is better to choose wood pins.
- general scheme of the frame house First and foremost, it is necessary to make the floor of the future building.To do this, put on the basis of gender roofing material.Next, you need to install the perimeter of the house bar, which will serve as a basis for setting the sub-floor.Subfloor is made of very inexpensive material - uncut board.
- Before installing the subfloor, it is necessary to make the logs and put insulation between them, which protects against cold and moisture.Boards before installing better still pre-impregnation process of decay and dampness.
- When the floor is ready, it is necessary to assemble the wall.Their first mounted on any flat surface, and then set.It is advisable to choose a completely flat area, in order to bring down the walls of each frame, otherwise distortions can occur.On each side of the walls should be done jib, which will support the rack frame.
- When installing the walls is necessary to consider the desired ceiling height.Better if it will be within 2.5 meters.This ensures that after the decorative finishing it becomes less than 2.3 meters.Normally, the low ceilings oppress and cause unpleasant feelings.
- After installing the frame clapboard house.Frame-panel house with his own hands built on the same principle.
- Equally important is the installation of windows.According to the technology, their size should not exceed 20% of the wall.When glazing can choose any windows.If you plan to live in the house all year round, it is best to choose a triple sealed glazing.
roof frame house
Once the frame is assembled and lined with houses, and the roof is ready, it is necessary to start decorating the building.The house can be finished with paneling, siding or sandwich panels.When finishing the roof should make sure that it does not leak.Between the joists put a layer of better heat insulation and waterproofing material.For the external coating is well suited such a modern material such as metal.
Driving wall frame house
Build a frame house with their own hands - this is just the first step to ensuring that it truly habitable.It is also necessary to insulate, hold inside communication and produce a decorative finish.
Before you insulate frame houses, it is necessary to select materials.Thermal insulation is carried out inside and outside.Interior finishing is better done with mineral wool and plasterboard.If desired, it can be used in vinyl drywall, which not only retains all the insulating properties of the material, but also has excellent aesthetic characteristics.Thus, a master at the same time solve the problem with the arrival of cold in the house and make the decoration of the room.
external insulation carried out before finishing.Before upholster or decorate a house with clapboard siding, we still hold the insulation.
- Please do lath house.Between batten laid layer of mineral wool.
- mineral wool on top of the foam is applied.
- gaps between the foam plates and racks zapenivayutsya usual assembly foam.
- Warming of the outer part of the frame can be performed without sheathing.
insulated inner part is almost the same.It is necessary to put the material between the uprights at home, and then close the optional foam.
Vapor frame house
Vapor is a must in any room.Especially if it is a house in which there are a kitchen, bathroom and other places of high humidity.It is noted that in these areas the moisture content may be even higher than in the open air.
Installing a vapor barrier is often done incorrectly.
- main mistake - is to use instead of the factory paroizolyatorov improvised materials and polyethylene.Vapor barrier film, in spite of their similarity to polyethylene, has a special structure.It is multi-layered.
- incorrect installation and poor quality paroizolyatora.Sometimes the builders during installation of the membrane can tear it or damage the joints.It is also often the case that the membrane does not stick to the walls.
- Installation paroizoliruyuschey membrane on the outside of the house.Outside usually do windproof layers.A paroizolyator need only be installed inside the house.By the way, during installation, ensure that the membrane is installed sideways.
Installation of windows in the frame houses
frame house built from light and thin materials.Typically, the thickness of its walls is 70% of the insulation.If the insulated layer is destroyed, the house will fall apart very quickly.
paroizolyator setting, we must remember that the house must "breathe".You should see the natural movement of air masses.
No material acts as destructive as polyethylene.It completely seals the space.Given that modern homes are also present sealed double-glazed windows and double doors, you can imagine what the atmosphere will be in this room.
carcass second floor
frame house with a veranda
frame house with a loft
frame house of the barfoundation
frame house from a bar
storey frame house
You will also be interesting to watch a video of the house frame construction:
alternative carcass houses are houses of glued or shaped timber, made of logs, panel houses.If you want to order the construction of a frame house turnkey, it is best to contact the audited company (with good reviews).