- Why not thrust?
- mechanical method
- chemical method
- Folk remedies
- Useful tips
indoor smoke is not only undesirable but also dangerous: carbon dioxide from the air, entering the human body, blocking the access of oxygen to the tissue cells of allorgans gives biochemical processes in tissues, resulting in hypoxia and poisoning, even leading to death.
room blanket due to poor traction in the pipes of furnaces, fireplaces and boilers, which require timely cleaning of soot.This procedure should be performed at least once a year, as a preventive measure - every 3 months.The chimney needs cleaning when soot layer is greater than 2 cm.
Why not thrust?
soot accumulated in the chimney
Why there is a reduction of traction?Due to the narrowing of the lumen of the tube as a result of sedimentation on its walls combustion product - ash.The yield in this case, smoke hampered, carbon monoxide builds up and finds other ways out, i.e. the room.A thick coating of ash prevents heat
logical question is how to clean the soot from the chimney?There are two ways to remove soot - by chemical reaction and mechanical means.
brush for cleaning the chimney
Mechanical method of cleaning the chimney from the ashes as the most accessible to any user, used since ancient times.Today, rarely seen on the streets around the chimney sweep uniform, however, this profession is in demand.The main working tool chimney sweep - a metal ruff or a brush with stiff bristles metal chain or wire length.Applied also scraper coarse or heavy circular core.Consider the cleaning procedure on the example of furnace soot or chimney flue to the outside.
Mechanical method of cleaning the chimney
- conduct such work is better in dry calm weather.
- To start you want to close the damper on the tube furnace or fireplace door indoors (at home), so that disturbed you the soot has not spread in the room.
- Next landlord climbs to the roof of his house, do not forget about the means of insurance.
- Release chimney from any debris or bird nests - push down hard on the core of the rope or removed from the top.
- rough cleaning is carried out with a scraper, then smooth out any soot aforementioned tool - bristle brush, wire brush, chain or wire.
- After cleaning the chimney or pipe to be careful to open the flap or door from the premises, remove soot and debris showered brush with a shovel (for black spoon), a vacuum cleaner to clean up the garbage.
- final stage - cleaning the fireplace insert or ash.
clearing pipes and chimney soot in this way is carried out using chemical substances in the form of pellets, powder or liquid.For chemical cleaning method may be invoked more often in order to prevent, because of its convenience and low complexity.The essence of this method are as follows: during the combustion of firewood in a precise portion of the furnace added chemicals.Gases emitted by burning these substances are harmless to humans, but destroy the structure of soot that rains down.What material to choose what to clean soot pipe from a chemical process?
most common chemicals - antiscaling chemical composition (PCC), and the log-Kominichek Sweep, are most popular.
PCC is a powder that is burned directly in a package with wood or coal or separately from them.According to the instructions flow shall not exceed 150-200 grams of powder PCC.
Kominichek - produced in the Czech Republic means a 5-fill bags weighing 14 grams each.For preventive maintenance of one package of the tool is enough for 3 months.Kominichek effective if the coating of soot is not more than 2 mm.Soot and soot under the effect of the tool as a result of the catalytic reaction is converted into oxides and burns without flame formation.
most popular, especially for masonry chimneys, the chimney sweep log-in the form of cake or bar in the combustion emits volatiles under which influence kreozotnye deposits on the walls of pipes and chimneys are dried up and fall into the furnace.It is also convenient to use as a preventive measure.
The log contains a carbon-Sweep wax with coal dust, wood chips, urea, silica and other chemicals.
This means restrains fire ash than extend the life of pipes and chimneys, it is also convenient for the treatment of boilers, stoves or built-in heaters, oil-fired or solid fuel.One logs enough to use once a year, if the stove or fireplace heat their 1-2 times a week.With daily use, the oven will require 2 logs per year.In large fireplaces and furnaces use two logs alternately for one protopki.Before applying a log-chimney sweep make sure that no debris in the pipes.
action of chemicals included in the logs, chimney sweep, does not stop for two weeks, during which destroyed ash continues to crumble into the furnace.It should be regularly cleaned out with a brush or a vacuum cleaner from the furnace, pipes, elbows chimney of smoke flap.
Adding salt at the furnace
long been known folk remedies release flues ashes from using rock salt, which is sprinkled on the wood during their combustion, as well as with the help of potato -1 bucket of potato peelings or shredded potatoes in a well-poured protoplennuyu stove or fireplace.The escaping steam potatoes decomposes soot, turning it into dry residues that crumble.
applied not the safest way to get rid of the soot using aspen and alder wood strong combustion which leads to combustion of soot in the chimney, resulting in white flakes with its dangerous sparks are emitted outwardly through the chimney, settling not only to the roof, andthe whole neighborhood.
not the best fuel wood is wet or fresh branches: during combustion, they produce a lot of soot and steam, which breaks down the chimney.
Do not burn trash in the furnace and synthetic materials - plastics, plastic: they produce a lot of harmful substances.
best are dry wood of deciduous trees.