- What is it?
- How to choose a foundation
- walls and roof - from what and how to do
- Paul, windows, doors
- Photo porch at the cottage in different styles
Cottage - a break from the bustle of the busy city.Someone is the place associated with the harvest year, and at others as a place of family recreation.It Association of cottages with a cozy sitting area leads to thoughts about the construction of a spacious veranda where you can stay and enjoy the wonderful fresh air, quietness and wonderful singing little birds.
What is it?
Veranda - a seating area
In fact, a veranda in the country is a kind of continuation of the house, but it is unheated rooms.For its construction, you can hire workers, and can be a budget option to show their creativity and imagination.The room can be closed (Windows), you can build it open for a better fusion with nature.
quiet summer evening
Where to begin?The first is your imagination and a desire to make their own hands!T
Veranda must comply with the house, that is, if the house is made of wood, and the porch is built of the same material.The same approach to the brick house.Before the device is first poured foundation walls.
How to choose a foundation
belt - easy to manufacture, but it requires physical strength, and material consumption more.It is used for heavy structures made of concrete, brick, stone;ceiling laid monolithic, metal, concrete;when the soil is non-uniform and it is possible subsidence.
Stolbchaty - a system of reinforced concrete or monolithic pillars at the corners of the perimeter beams are strapped for greater stability, the distance between 1.5-2.5 meters.The depth of more than 100 cm, this should definitely know the depth of soil freezing.By embedding labor and materials it more economical than tape.
Pile - used for low-rise buildings, on the grounds that require a deep immersion or in areas where there is a possibility of frequent flooding.Put a pile of wood, metal, concrete, and on top of doing eyeballs raft (top of pile foundation).It is the entire load is evenly distributed over all the piles.The distance from the earth should be 1-2 meters.
walls and roof - from what and how to do
roof and walls of the porch
Now you need to decide on the walls of the verandah, that is, build a frame:
- metal - used corner of the metalwhich is sheathed with wood;
- wood - mostly bars or beam in the form of a cylinder, soaked in antiseptic compositions and flame-retardant impregnation.
make a double bottom plate for subsequent insertion lag, which will lay down the porch flooring.Connect harness direct castle in the corners and embed the rack.Each node is necessary to consolidate and strengthen the bolts.Cantrail to rafters are mounted on racks and connect the upper ends of the beam under the roof of the house.It's Bolt.The dimensions must be chosen so that the roof of the porch was located under the roof of the house.
roof are covered with different materials:
- from natural materials.
- roofing products.
floor, windows, doors
Ground and floor
Paul lay on the logs that are sure to expose using a level, they secure the board.They should be dried beforehand, to prevent deformation of the floor.The guide board is put in front of the room.Distance from the wall is where a 12 cm. Attach it to the lag screw should be as close as possible to the wall to close its plinth.All these details are checked level.Then fit following boards, and adjusted shock block for tight joints.The installation process is similar to the following boards.Once the floor is laid on its edge attached plinth.
windows, walls and doors
Putting a window or not - on request.If you want to close the veranda, you have to provide a place for windows.They can be alternated: deaf to those that open.Since the summer terrace, you can put a single glass.
doors also can be placed on either side, but they opened fire in order to be on the street.There are also many options to choose from: glazed, deaf, combined.
Interior on the veranda you can begin to pick up only after the completion of construction works.Only then we can see the final result and that which style will suit longer here.Maybe you will not need any special style decisions.Just set up the couch, rocking chair, table, chairs or benches so that you feel comfortable and comfortable.
Photo porch at the cottage in different styles
you recently completed the construction of the porch in the country with their own hands and have a personal experience in works?Share it with our readers, leave a comment on the article.
offer watch video on the construction of the portico's wooden cottages with their own hands.